Monroe County, Ohio

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Not to be confused with Monroe, Ohio.
Monroe County, Ohio
Monroe County Courthouse, Woodsfield.jpg
Monroe County Courthouse
Seal of Monroe County, Ohio
Seal
Map of Ohio highlighting Monroe County
Location in the state of Ohio
Map of the United States highlighting Ohio
Ohio's location in the U.S.
Founded March 1, 1815
Named for James Monroe
Seat Woodsfield
Largest village Woodsfield
Area
 • Total 457 sq mi (1,184 km2)
 • Land 456 sq mi (1,181 km2)
 • Water 1.7 sq mi (4 km2), 0.4%
Population
 • (2010) 14,642
 • Density 32/sq mi (12/km²)
Congressional district 6th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Monroe County is a county located in the U.S. state of Ohio. As of the 2010 census, the population was 14,642,[1] making it the second-least populous county in Ohio. Its county seat is Woodsfield.[2] The county was created in 1813 and later organized in 1815.[3]

History[edit]

Monroe County was formed on January 28, 1813 from portions of Belmont, Guernsey and Washington counties. It was named after James Monroe, the U.S. Secretary of State when the county was formed, and later fifth President of the United States.[4]

On or about December 20, 2011, Exxon Mobil Corp., a New Jersey petroleum company, via its subsidiary XTO Energy, acquired 20,056 acres of Monroe County Utica Shale gas leases from Beck Energy.[5]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 457 square miles (1,180 km2), of which 456 square miles (1,180 km2) is land and 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2) (0.4%) is water.[6]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 4,645
1830 8,768 88.8%
1840 18,521 111.2%
1850 28,351 53.1%
1860 25,741 −9.2%
1870 25,779 0.1%
1880 26,496 2.8%
1890 25,175 −5.0%
1900 27,031 7.4%
1910 24,244 −10.3%
1920 20,660 −14.8%
1930 18,426 −10.8%
1940 18,641 1.2%
1950 15,362 −17.6%
1960 15,268 −0.6%
1970 15,739 3.1%
1980 17,382 10.4%
1990 15,497 −10.8%
2000 15,180 −2.0%
2010 14,642 −3.5%
Est. 2013 14,585 −0.4%
U.S. Decennial Census[7]
1790-1960[8] 1900-1990[9]
1990-2000[10] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[11] of 2000, there were 15,180 people, 6,021 households, and 4,413 families residing in the county. The population density was 33 people per square mile (13/km²). There were 7,212 housing units at an average density of 16 per square mile (6/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 98.72% White, 0.26% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.11% from other races, and 0.67% from two or more races. 0.41% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 6,021 households out of which 29.50% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 61.70% were married couples living together, 8.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.70% were non-families. 24.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 11.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.50 and the average family size was 2.96.

In the county, the population was spread out with 23.60% under the age of 18, 7.10% from 18 to 24, 25.90% from 25 to 44, 27.20% from 45 to 64, and 16.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 97.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.10 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $30,467, and the median income for a family was $36,297. Males had a median income of $33,308 versus $19,628 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,096. About 11.00% of families and 13.90% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.30% of those under age 18 and 11.40% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

Monroe County has three County Commissioners who oversee the various County departments, similar to 85 of the other 88 Ohio counties. Current Commissioners, all Democrats, are: John V. Pyles, Tim Price, and Carl Davis.[12]

Monroe County is served by the Monroe County District Library from its administrative offices in Woodsfield, Ohio; it also offers a bookmobile service.

In 2005, the library loaned more than 141,000 items to its 6,000 cardholders. Total holding are over 64,000 volumes with over 140 periodical subscriptions.[13] This library is a member of the SOLO Regional Library System.

Education[edit]

Monroe County contains the following schools through the Switzerland of Ohio Local School District:

Communities[edit]

Map of Monroe County, Ohio with municipal and township labels

Villages[edit]

Townships[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies". Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved February 14, 2015. 
  4. ^ "Monroe County data". Ohio State University Extension Data Center. Retrieved 2007-04-28. [dead link]
  5. ^ http://marcellusdrilling.com/2012/01/correction-exxon-buys-25k-acres-of-utica-shale-leases-in-oh/
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  7. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  8. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  9. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  10. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved February 9, 2015. 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  12. ^ "County Offices-County Commissioners". Monroe County Ohio Homepage. Retrieved October 22, 2012. 
  13. ^ "2005 Ohio Public Library Statistics:Statistics by County and Town". State Library of Ohio. Retrieved October 3, 2006. 
  14. ^ "Montana Governor Samuel Vernon Stewart". National Governors Association. Retrieved October 10, 2012. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Thomas William Lewis, History of Southeastern Ohio and the Muskingum Valley, 1788-1928. In Three Volumes. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Publishing Co., 1928.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°44′N 81°05′W / 39.73°N 81.08°W / 39.73; -81.08