The Monroe Monarchs were a professional baseball team based in Monroe, Louisiana, which played in the Negro leagues from the late 1920s to 1935, mostly as a minor league team loosely associated with the Kansas City Monarchs. The team was created by Fred Stovall, a Texan oil drilling millionaire, who later financed the Negro Southern League. In the 1930s, a time of acute segregation, the team's games were watched by crowds of black and white people, alike. The most famous player with the team was Hall of Famer Hilton Smith.
When the team first formed it played in the semi-pro Dixie League until Stovall formed the Negro Southern League, with four other teams in 1932. The NSL is considered a de facto major league that year, since it was the only organized league to complete the 1932 season. The Monarchs finished with a 26-22 record in their only season they were considered a major league team, and did not qualify for any post-season play-off.
The team played in Casino Park in Monroe, at what became 29th and Hope. It was 360 feet (110 metres) in left, 450 feet (138 metres) in center and 330 feet (102 metres) in right. Built on Stovall's plantation, the park and its associated recreational facilities (including a swimming pool and a dance pavilion) were considered some of the finest in the league.
In the summer of 2010, the Monroe Monarchs Field was opened to the public in Monroe, Louisiana. At the opening, the Monroe Monarchs Historical Foundation, founded in 2006 by native Monroyans Scott Greer and Jeffrey Newman, unveiled a historical marker dedicated to the former Negro league team.
- Holway, John (2001). The Complete Book of Baseball's Negro Leagues: The Other Half of Baseball History. Fern Park, Florida: Hastings House Publishers. p. 284. ISBN 0-8038-2007-0.
- Holway, John (2001). The Complete Book of Baseball's Negro Leagues: The Other Half of Baseball History. Fern Park, Florida: Hastings House Publishers. p. 292. ISBN 0-8038-2007-0.
- Peterson, p. 122
- Black Ball News 1993
- Deduction from lack of references after 1935
- Peterson, p. 122
- 'Interview with Marlin Carter', Black Ball News (1993) cited at 'Team History', Monroe Monarchs Historical Foundation (2005). Retrieved July 24, 2005.
- Letlow, Paul J. cited at 'Ballparks', Negro League Baseball Players Association Retrieved July 24, 2005.
- Loverro, Thom; Fields, Wilmer. Encyclopedia of Negro League Baseball
- Lowry, Philip J. Green Cathedrals
- O'Neil, John. Catching Dream: My Life in the Negro Baseball Leagues
- Peterson, Robert W. Only The Ball Was White, (New York: Prentice-Hall Englewood-Cliffs, 1970)