Monroe Township, Jefferson County, Indiana
|• Type||Indiana township|
|• Total||36.62 sq mi (94.8 km2)|
|• Land||36.6 sq mi (95 km2)|
|• Water||0.03 sq mi (0.08 km2) 0.08%|
|Elevation||866 ft (264 m)|
|• Density||10.2/sq mi (3.9/km2)|
|GNIS feature ID||0453640|
Monroe was the next-to-last township created by the Jefferson County commissioners. It was carved from Lancaster Township on March 11, 1842. Much of township became part of the former Jefferson Proving Ground and a substantial part of the population relocated. As a result, there are few institutions or businesses remaining. The Hebron Baptist and Liberty Christian Churches are the only churches and there are no schools or post offices in Monroe Township.
Monroe has had the following post offices: Alberta: (May 4, 1893-Jan. 31, 1899) Belleview: (March 15, 1890-May 31, 1906). Its name was changed from Mud Lick; Big Creek: (Aug. 11, 1884-Oct. 31 1889). Re-established (Feb. 10, 1891-Apr. 30, 1903); Bryantsburgh (June 10, 1834-Dec. 12, 1856); Re-commissioned (Jan. 18, 1858-Dec. 10, 1872); Re-established (March 1, 1873-July 29, 1907) The name waschanged to Bryantsburg on June 10, 1893; Calloway (May 22, 1893-Apr. 15, 1901); Evans Rural Station (Oct. 1, 1902-Sept. 30, 1934) Faulkner (July 7, 1882-Apr. 30, 1903) How (Dec. 15, 1884-Oct. 15, 1895); Ridpath: (Sept. 17, 1897-April 30, 1903).
Discontinued churches in the township include an Adventist Church that was meeting in the township in 1889. Its dates are not known. The Big Creek Methodist Church was founded about Dec. 5, 1842 when trustees purchased land for a building. Its cemetery was moved to Madison in 1941. Bryantsburg Presbyterian Church, an off-shoot of the Monroe Presbyterian Church, was formed by Sept. 22, 1854 when its trustees acquired land from the parent congregation. Bryantsburg failed by April 30, 1867, when its trustees sold the church property. The Mt. Zion Pilgrim Holiness Church formed by May 2, 1922 when the congregation elected trustees. The Marble Methodist Church, later called Marble Valley and Old Marble, opened on May 28, 1859, according to the June 2, 1859 issue of the Madison Courier. The Union Methodist Church first elected trustees on March 3, 1855. Located on the east side of the Michigan Road, just south of Belleview, it was still active in 1916.
Another church, the Monroe Presbyterian Church, combined with the Smyrna Presbyterian Church when its site was taken in the creation of the Jefferson Proving Ground. It was originally called Middlefork Presbyterian when the first members joined on Sept. 25, 1830. The name was changed to Lancaster Presbyterian in 1833 as Monroe was still part of Lancaster Township. The church divided on June 22, 1839 with the Old School Presbyterian group calling itself the Lancaster Presbyterian Church and the New School quickly adopting the name Monroe. The bodies united in 1870 under the name Monroe.
The division was formalized on June 22, 1839 when the Old School Group wrote a statement of beliefs and their names in the session book.
The Hebron Church, which still meets in its building on Graham Road, was formed in March 1828. Its church cemetery was founded in 1815 as a community cemetery, but became associated with the church. The Liberty Christian Church in Belleview was founded in 1817 as a New Light Church, a dissident Presbyterian group. It soon became a Disciples of Christ congregation. Originally located on the west side of the Michigan Road, the building was taken by the government in 1941. However, the congregation purchased the structure and relocated it to the east side of the road. Since remodeled, parts of the original church were incorporated in the building.
According to the 2010 census, the township has a total area of 36.62 square miles (94.8 km2), of which 36.6 square miles (95 km2) (or 99.95%) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.078 km2) (or 0.08%) is water. The streams of Big Creek, Middle Fork; Toddys Branch and the West Fork Indian-Kentuck Creek run through this township.
- Galloways Station. The U.S. board of geographic names is incorrect in labeling this Galloways Station, but has refused to acknowledge the mistake, which appears to be the result of typographical error. It was Calloway Station and the post office was Calloway. The map of Jefferson County in the 1876 Indian Historical Atlas Indiana Board of Tax Commissioners map of ca. 1896 and Galbraith's Railway Service Map of 1897/98 show the location as Calloway or Calloway's Station. In the 1988 edition of the Callaway Journal, a Callaway family publication, it was listed as Callaway's Station.
- Shelby Township, Ripley County (north)
- Shelby Township (east)
- Madison Township (south)
- Smyrna Township (southwest)
- Lancaster Township (west)
- Bigger Township, Jennings County (northwest)
The township contains three cemeteries: Grandview Memorial Garden, Hebron Church and Smith. Grandview is a commercially operated facility that opened in the 1900s. Hebron was the only township cemetery not relocated after the founding of the former Jefferson Proving Ground in 1941. the Smith-Smart Cemetery, which was moved to Graham Rd, north of the Hebron Baptist Church, was originally located on the Michigan Road, near the Bayless Cemetery, which itself was in Madison Township and was also relocated.
Burials in the Baxter, Big Creek, Mt. Monroe, Marble Valley, and Monroe Cemeteries were removed to the east side of the Michigan Road (U.S. highway 421), south of Fairmount Cemetery in north Madison.
- "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place -- 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census. Retrieved 2013-05-10.
Baker, J. David, The Postal History of Indiana, 1976, Philatelic Bibliophile, P.O. Box 213971, Louisville, Ky. 1976.
Gresham, John M. & Co., 1889. Biographical & Historical Souvenir for the Counties of Clark, Crawford, Harrison, Floyd, Jefferson, Jennings, Scott and Washington.
Library of Congress, Geographic Map Division, American Memory Collection, Railroad Maps 1828-1900. http://memory.loc.gov/ammem/gmdhtml/rrhtml/rrhome.html