Monroe Township, Middlesex County, New Jersey

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For the municipality of the same name in Gloucester County, see Monroe Township, Gloucester County, New Jersey.
Monroe Township, New Jersey
Township
Township of Monroe
Monroe Township highlighted in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Monroe Township highlighted in Middlesex County. Inset: Location of Middlesex County highlighted in the State of New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Monroe Township, Middlesex County, New Jersey.
Census Bureau map of Monroe Township, Middlesex County, New Jersey.
Coordinates: 40°19′10″N 74°25′44″W / 40.319474°N 74.428802°W / 40.319474; -74.428802Coordinates: 40°19′10″N 74°25′44″W / 40.319474°N 74.428802°W / 40.319474; -74.428802[1][2]
Country United States
State New Jersey
County Middlesex
Incorporated April 9, 1838
Named for James Monroe
Government[6]
 • Type Faulkner Act (Mayor-Council)
 • Mayor Richard Pucci (term ends December 31, 2015)[3]
 • Administrator Wayne Hamilton[4]
 • clerk Sharon Doerfler[5]
Area[2]
 • Total 42.232 sq mi (109.382 km2)
 • Land 41.974 sq mi (108.713 km2)
 • Water 0.258 sq mi (0.668 km2)  0.61%
Area rank 48th of 566 in state
1st of 25 in county[2]
Elevation [7] 92 ft (28 m)
Population (2010 Census)[8][9][10]
 • Total 39,132
 • Estimate (2012[11]) 40,795
 • Rank 57th of 566 in state
11th of 25 in county[12]
 • Density 932.3/sq mi (360.0/km2)
 • Density rank 395th of 566 in state
24th of 25 in county[12]
Time zone Eastern (EST) (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (EDT) (UTC-4)
ZIP code 08831[13]
Area code(s) 732/848, 609
FIPS code 3402347280[14][2][15]
GNIS feature ID 0882159[16][2]
Website http://www.monroetwp.com

Monroe Township is a township in Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States. As of the 2010 United States Census, the township's population was 39,132,[8][9][10] reflecting an increase of 11,133 (+39.8%) from the 27,999 counted in the 2000 Census, which had in turn increased by 5,744 (+25.8%) from the 22,255 counted in the 1990 Census.[17]

Monroe Township was incorporated as a township by an Act of the New Jersey Legislature on April 9, 1838, from portions of South Amboy Township, based on the results of a referendum held that same day. Portions of the township were taken to form East Brunswick Township (February 28, 1860), Cranbury Township (March 7, 1872) and Jamesburg (March 19, 1887).[18]

Clearbrook Park (with a 2010 population of 2,667),[19] Concordia (3,092 in 2010),[20] Rossmoor (2,666 as of 2010)[21] and Whittingham (2,476 in 2010)[22] are census-designated places and unincorporated communities located within Monroe Township.[23][24]

There are several age-restricted communities in the township.[25][26][27][28] Despite major senior citizen growth, the median age in Monroe has changed from 52.5 in 1990, 58.9 in 2000 to 53.2 in 2010, meaning that more growth has been from single family homes in those 10 years, than with senior citizen developments.

History[edit]

Monroe Township was founded in 1838 and named in honor of the President of the United States James Monroe. For many decades, it was largely a farming community. After parts of the township grew into the more densely packed neighborhoods of Helmetta, Jamesburg, and Spotswood in the late 19th century, they seceded.[18] Railroads came into Monroe from just about the very beginning, starting with the Camden and Amboy Rail Road in the 1830s and 1840s.[29]

In 1905, Bernarr Macfadden, the proponent of physical culture, came to the part of Monroe near Helmetta and Spotswood, and attempted to set up a camp called "Physical Culture City", where he could teach his beliefs in relative peace. However, in 1907, Macfadden was arrested for distribution of what was in those times considered pornography and the camp dissolved.[30] The area of this camp became the Outcalt neighborhood.

The New Jersey State Home for Boys, later the Training School for Boys, and now the New Jersey Training School for Boys was established near Jamesburg. It was opened in 1867 as a home for troubled youth; however, by the mid-20th century, its purpose was to incarcerate juvenile delinquents.[31] One of the more famous residents of The State Home was Rubin "Hurricane" Carter. Clarence Clemons of Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band was a social worker there for many years during the 1960s before he found fame as a sax player with Springsteen.

The township became more suburban between 1960 and 1968, when the New Jersey Turnpike opened up Exit 8A in the western part of Monroe, in conjunction with the effort to develop the Leisure World age-restricted community of Rossmoor. Since then, at least five more communities for senior citizens have joined Rossmoor: Concordia, Clearbrook, Greenbriar at Whittingham, The Ponds, Encore, and the Regency at Monroe. More are under development.

At the same time, and over the next few decades, suburbs for people of all ages spread into the northern parts of Monroe Township, prompting the expansion of several schools and the construction of new ones. Since 1980, in addition to the age restricted communities, Monroe has added shopping centers, a synagogue, a recreation center, and a new library

Circa 1980 it was found that the Superfund Landfill which was located at the corner of what is now Spotswood Gravel Hill Road and Carnegie Street, contaminated the ground water which forced Outcalt residents to get city water.

On March 22, 2006, ten residents of Monroe Township, from The Ponds retirement community, were killed in a tour bus accident in the Andes mountains in northern Chile.[32] The tour had been arranged by the Jewish organization, B'nai B'rith. As Governor of New Jersey Jon Corzine put it,

"Today, all of New Jersey is stunned and saddened by the tragic accident in Chile that took the lives of lifelong friends — vibrant and beloved residents of a community in Monroe Township who chose to share the adventure of their twilight years together" (NY Times).

Of the 12 people killed, one couple was from Stamford, Connecticut. The bodies that were recovered were flown back to Monroe Township for funerals on Sunday March 26, 2006.

Over the past years, Monroe has had a surge in residential development. New communities are being erected usually around the Turnpike. Portions of Monroe's farmland are beial zoning, and commercial zoning. Roads have been widened to allow for the extra vehicular volume. Warehouses are being/have been constructed in the last few years along CR 535, located near the 8A toll gate. The northern section of the township is already developed, with developers heading further south in Monroe to start new communities. New adult communities have set ground in central Monroe, along Route 33, and on CR 615. While these new senior citizen housing units are being built, luxury homes are also being constructed. However, many senior citizens are opposed to these new construction plans since new homes would bring in more children, and therefore raise their school taxes.

There is an ongoing expansion of the Monroe Township High School that is relocating it onto portions of Thompson Park. This project slowly received approval after an archaeological study concluded that the land was not historically significant, except about 3 to 4 acres (12,000 to 16,000 m2) of land. The controversy that led to the study involved a Lenape settlement, Bethel Indian Town, which protesters contended existed on the site, whereas supporters of the move of the high school claimed that Bethel Indian Town was a half-mile away. In late April 2008, construction started of the new high school.

"By early 2008, the State Preservation Office and New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection gave full sanction to the de-accession of the land as a protected park. Ground breaking began immediately, only to be halted in June of 2008 when additional remains were found. The consultant identified these stone foundation remains as a 19th century farmstead, with no earlier association."[33]

The new high school opened in September 2011. The old high school building is now being reused as the middle school.

Monroe is planning on developing the area of land along Route 33 (Route 33 Land Development Task Force) all the way from the town line in East Windsor Township to Millstone Township. This proposal would include the construction of new luxury houses, a new grocery store, a baseball park, a performing arts center, a bus stop, new restaurants, and new businesses.[34]

Along County Route 619, new developments are beginning to surge forward. This surge has led 619 to be widened as an avenue in anticipation for the future traffic. A proposed grocery store is planned to be built at the corner of Applegarth Road, and Halsey Reed Road/Federal Road (Extension). Along Federal Road, new luxury houses are being built and will extend south towards the village of Applegarth. Along the Millstone River will be a new high class development, called the Millstone Preserve. These new developments are under construction.

Geography[edit]

Monroe Township is located at 40°19′10″N 74°25′44″W / 40.319474°N 74.428802°W / 40.319474; -74.428802 (40.319474,-74.428802). According to the United States Census Bureau, Monroe township had a total area of 42.232 square miles (109.382 km2), of which, 41.974 square miles (108.713 km2) of it is land and 0.258 square miles (0.668 km2) of it (0.61%) is water.[2][1] At 42 square miles, it is the largest municipality in Middlesex County in terms of total area.[2]

A partial view from Monroe
A partial view from Monroe (at night)

Monroe surrounds Jamesburg.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1840 2,453
1850 3,001 22.3%
1860 3,132 * 4.4%
1870 3,253 3.9%
1880 3,017 * −7.3%
1890 2,153 * −28.6%
1900 1,829 −15.0%
1910 2,238 22.4%
1920 2,625 17.3%
1930 2,894 10.2%
1940 3,034 4.8%
1950 4,082 34.5%
1960 5,831 42.8%
1970 9,138 56.7%
1980 15,858 73.5%
1990 22,255 40.3%
2000 27,999 25.8%
2010 39,132 39.8%
Est. 2012 40,795 [11] 4.2%
Population sources:
1840–1920[35] 1840[36] 1850–1870[37]
1850[38] 1870[39] 1880–1890[40]
1890–1910[41] 1910–1930[42]
1930–1990[43] 2000[44][45] 2010[8][9][10]
* = Lost territory in previous decade.[18]

Census 2010[edit]

At the 2010 United States Census, there were 39,132 people, 16,497 households, and 10,872 families residing in the township. The population density was 932.3 per square mile (360.0 /km2). There were 18,002 housing units at an average density of 428.9 per square mile (165.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the township was 81.55% (31,913) White, 3.92% (1,533) Black or African American, 0.08% (33) Native American, 12.60% (4,930) Asian, 0.01% (4) Pacific Islander, 0.62% (244) from other races, and 1.21% (475) from two or more races. Hispanics or Latinos of any race were 4.28% (1,673) of the population.[8]

There were 16,497 households, of which 22.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.2% were married couples living together, 4.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.1% were non-families. 31.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 25.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.32 and the average family size was 2.94.[8]

In the township, 18.9% of the population were under the age of 18, 4.6% from 18 to 24, 17.0% from 25 to 44, 24.8% from 45 to 64, and 34.8% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 53.2 years. For every 100 females there were 85.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.9 males.[8]

The Census Bureau's 2006–2010 American Community Survey showed that (in 2010 inflation-adjusted dollars) median household income was $74,202 (with a margin of error of +/- $3,156) and the median family income was $99,727 (+/- $5,718). Males had a median income of $84,790 (+/- $4,546) versus $57,058 (+/- $4,789) for females. The per capita income for the borough was $41,959 (+/- $1,676). About 2.6% of families and 3.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 3.9% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.[46]

Census 2000[edit]

As of the 2000 United States Census[14] there were 27,999 people, 12,536 households, and 8,236 families residing in the township. The population density was 667.6 people per square mile (257.8/km²). There were 13,259 housing units at an average density of 316.1 per square mile (122.1/km²). The racial makeup of the township was 93.31% White, 2.93% African American, 0.06% Native American, 2.34% Asian, 0.09% Pacific Islander, 0.68% from other races, and 0.60% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.38% of the population.[44][45]

There were 12,536 households out of which 15.9% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.6% were married couples living together, 3.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 28.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.15 and the average family size was 2.70.[44][45]

In the township the population was spread out with 16.0% under the age of 18, 4.2% from 18 to 24, 16.3% from 25 to 44, 20.0% from 45 to 64, and 43.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 59 years. For every 100 females there were 84.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 79.3 males.[44][45]

The median income for a household in the township was $53,306, and the median income for a family was $68,479. Males had a median income of $56,431 versus $35,857 for females. The per capita income for the township was $31,772. About 1.3% of families and 3.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.9% of those under age 18 and 3.0% of those age 65 or over.[44][45]

Neighborhoods and historical place names[edit]

Though Monroe is not officially broken down into traditional neighborhoods (the Census-designated places oriented around active adult communities notwithstanding), but, over the years residents have given names to various parts of the township. Three common names heard in the township are Mill Lake Manor (an area centered around Monmouth Road and 10th Avenue) and Outcalt (in the northern part of the township, near Spotswood and Helmetta). For those who have lived in Mill Lake Manor, the area is broken down further into the "Old" and "New" Manor (split by Monmouth Road on the east and west sides, the Old being east and the New being the west side). The Manor also encompasses the developments of Inwood. The neighborhood east of Spotswood-Englishtown Road, centered around Monmouth Road, extending down to 1st Avenue, is called North Manor or Manor Heights.

Neighborhoods and historical place names

  • Applegarth
  • Brookside
  • Dynasty Estates
  • Fertile Land Section
  • Forsgate
  • Grace Hill
  • Gravel Hill
  • Half Acre (Home to the retirement communities of Concordia and Whittingham)
  • Hoffman
  • Hoffman Station
  • Inwood
  • Lower Jamesburg
  • Matchaponix
  • Mill Lake Manor
  • Middlesex Downs
  • Monroe Hills
  • Monroe Woods
  • Mount Mills
  • North Manor (Manor Heights)
  • Old Church
  • Outcalt
  • Pineview Estates
  • Prospect Plains (Home to the retirement communities of Rossmoor and Clearbrook)
  • Red Tavern
  • Rhode Hall
  • Shore Road Estates
  • SouthField Estates
  • South Helmetta
  • Spring Garden (later referred to as Applegarth)
  • State Home for Boys (located in Matchaponix)
  • Stone Museum (located in Machaponix)
  • Texas Road
  • The Legends
  • The Pines (located near Outcalt in the Fertile Land Section)
  • Tracy
  • Tracy Station
  • Union Valley (radiates from the intersection of Union Valley Road and Union Valley-Gravel Hill Road)
  • Woodland
Historical railroads
  • Camden and Amboy Railroad
  • Freehold and Jamesburg Railroad
  • Pennsylvania Railroad Amboy Division (formerly the Camden and Amboy Railroad)
  • Jamesurg Railroad Amboy Division (formerly the Freehold and Jamesburg Railroad)

Government[edit]

Local government[edit]

Monroe Township is governed by the Mayor-Council system of New Jersey municipal government under the Faulkner Act.[6]

As of 2013, the Mayor of Monroe Township is Richard Pucci. Members of the Borough Council are Council President Gerald W. Tamburro (Ward 2), Vice President Henry L. Miller (Ward 1), Stephen Dalina, Leslie Koppel (at-large), Michael Leibowitz (Ward 3).[47]

Federal, state and county representation[edit]

Monroe Township is located in the 12th Congressional District[48] and is part of New Jersey's 14th state legislative district.[9][49][50]

New Jersey's Twelfth Congressional District is represented by Rush D. Holt, Jr. (D, Hopewell Township).[51] New Jersey is represented in the United States Senate by Cory Booker (D, Newark; took office on October 31, 2013, after winning a special election to fill the seat of Frank Lautenberg)[52][53] and Bob Menendez (D, North Bergen).[54][55]

For the 2014-2015 Session, the 14th District of the New Jersey Legislature is represented in the State Senate by Linda R. Greenstein (D, Plainsboro Township) and in the General Assembly by Daniel R. Benson (D, Hamilton Township, Mercer County) and Wayne DeAngelo (D, Hamilton Township).[56][57] The Governor of New Jersey is Chris Christie (R, Mendham Township).[58] The Lieutenant Governor of New Jersey is Kim Guadagno (R, Monmouth Beach).[59]

Middlesex County is governed by a Board of Chosen Freeholders, whose seven members are elected at-large to serve three-year terms of office on a staggered basis, with two or three seats coming up for election each year. At an annual reorganization meeting held in January, the board selects from among its members a Freeholder Director and Deputy Director. As of 2014, Middlesex County's Freeholders (with committee chairmanship, party affiliation, residence and term-end year listed in parentheses) are Freeholder Director Ronald G. Rios (Ex-officio on all committees - D, term ends December 31, 2015; Carteret),[60] Freeholder Deputy Director Carol Barrett Bellante (County Administration - D, 2014; Monmouth Junction, South Brunswick Township),[61] Kenneth Armwood (Business Development and Education - D, 2016; Piscataway),[62] Charles Kenny (Finance - D, 2016; Woodbridge Township),[63] H. James Polos (Public Safety and Health - D, 2015; Highland Park),[64] Charles E. Tomaro (Infrastructure Management - D, 2014; Edison)[65] and Blanquita B. Valenti (Community Services - D, 2016; New Brunswick).[66][67][68][69][70] Constitutional officers are County Clerk Elaine M. Flynn (D; Old Bridge Township),[71] Sheriff Mildred S. Scott (D, 2016; Piscataway)[72] and Surrogate Kevin J. Hoagland (D, 2017; New Brunswick).[67][73]

Politics[edit]

As of March 23, 2011, there were a total of 29,992 registered voters in Monroe Township, of which 11,616 (38.7%) were registered as Democrats, 5,448 (18.2%) were registered as Republicans and 12,912 (43.1%) were registered as Unaffiliated. There were 16 voters registered to other parties.[74]

In the 2008 presidential election, Democrat Barack Obama received 53.9% of the vote here (12,319 cast), ahead of Republican John McCain with 44.4% (10,150 votes) and other candidates with 0.7% (169 votes), among the 22,875 ballots cast by the township's 29,295 registered voters, for a turnout of 78.1%.[75] In the 2004 presidential election, Democrat John Kerry received 55.7% of the vote here (11,363 ballots cast), outpolling Republican George W. Bush with 43.2% (8,806 votes) and other candidates with 0.4% (103 votes), among the 20,405 ballots cast by the township's 25,675 registered voters, for a turnout percentage of 79.5.[76]

In the 2009 gubernatorial election, Republican Chris Christie received 48.0% of the vote here (8,292 ballots cast), ahead of Democrat Jon Corzine with 45.1% (7,785 votes), Independent Chris Daggett with 5.5% (948 votes) and other candidates with 0.6% (102 votes), among the 17,277 ballots cast by the township's 29,164 registered voters, yielding a 59.2% turnout.[77]

Education[edit]

The Monroe Township School District serves students in kindergarten through twelfth grade. Schools in the district (with 2010–11 enrollment data from the National Center for Education Statistics[78]) are Applegarth Elementary School[79] (was grades 7&8, with 809 students), Barclay Brook Elementary School[80] (was PreK-3; 474 students), Brookside Elementary School[81] (was 3-6; 680), Mill Lake Elementary School[82] (was PreK-3; 658), Oak Tree Elementary School[83] (was K-6; 808), Woodland Elementary School[84] (was 4-6; 512), Monroe Township Middle School[85] (new) and Monroe Township High School[86] for grades 9-12 (1,655).[87][88]

With the completion of the new high school, the former high school was reconfigured as a middle school for grades 6-8, and Applegarth (the former middle school) was added to the district's elementary schools.[89]

During the 1991–1992 academic school year, Mill Lake Elementary School received the Blue Ribbon Award from the United States Department of Education, the highest honor that an American school can achieve. This honor was followed during the 1998–99 academic school year, to Barclay Brook Elementary School across town. Both of Monroe Township's pre-K through third grade schools received such an esteemed honor.[90]

Students from Jamesburg attend Monroe Township High School as part of a sending/receiving relationship with the Jamesburg Public Schools.[91][92]

Transportation[edit]

Congestion on the New Jersey Turnpike approaching the merge
8A Toll Gate in Monroe

Some of the age-restricted communities, such as Rossmoor and Concordia, have their own transportation services within the communities. In addition, Middlesex County runs shuttles to Jamesburg from East and New Brunswick (the New Brunswick shuttle schedule is at [1]). Since Monroe entirely surrounds Jamesburg, Monroe Township also benefits from the shuttles.

Route 33 runs through the southern part of Monroe for approximately 2½ miles which then travels through Millstone Township and East Windsor Township (Monroe is the only municipality in the county that hosts Route 33). Monroe has various bus stops that allow passengers to take a bus to the Port Authority Bus Terminalin Midtown Manhattan, adjacent to the Lincoln Tunnel. Monroe's busiest roads include Applegarth Road, Forsgate Drive and Route 32, which connects to the New Jersey Turnpike (Interstate 95). Exit 8A is located on the western edge of Monroe Township, with a nine-lane toll gate featuring a "modified" double trumpet interchange (with a few ramps continuing into South Brunswick). Other limited access roads that are accessible outside the township include the Garden State Parkway in neighboring Old Bridge and Interstate 195 in neighboring Millstone Township.

Monroe also houses a few county routes: County Route 535, County Route 522, County Route 527, County Route 619, County Route 615, County Route 614, County Route 613 and County Route 612. While County Route 520 doesn't pass through Monroe, it turns into CR 612. (However, some maps (such as Tele Atlas) indicate that 520 traverses through Monroe Township, and ends at CR 613.[93]) Further to the east, CR 520 makes connections with the Garden State Parkway (in Middletown Township) and eventually ends at Route 36 along the Jersey Shore in Sea Bright.

While the turnpike passes through at an approximate length of 1½ miles, Monroe Township is known for the Turnpike's division (where it divides into Inner Car Lanes & Outer Truck Lanes) and its dangerous (and often-congested) merge, where the dual-dual configuration ends (5 lanes each direction; 2-3-3-2) and becomes a single roadway, consisting of three lanes in each direction (3-3); the merge is particularly difficult to travel through on Friday afternoons, summertime and on holidays. When the turnpike is congested (in the 8A vicinity), many motorists exit in Monroe Township at 8A and use Route 32 West to U.S. Route 130 south. Since 8A has become so busy, the turnpike interchange has been upgraded. The ramp (from the Turnpike) that had merged onto Route 32 west was demolished in 2006; a new two-lane ramp opened connecting with County Route 535 (at a traffic signal) in South Brunswick. Motorists must then take 535 south to gain access to 32 westbound.

On December 1, 2004, it was unveiled that the Turnpike would be widened by extending the dual-dual setup from Interchange 8A in Monroe Township to Interchange 6 (the Pennsylvania Extension) in Mansfield Township. This would require mostly minimal construction in Monroe. Besides residents demanding sound barriers, the only major construction (was completed in early 2012) was building a new ramp from the toll gate to the southbound inner roadway (or Car Lanes). As part of this project, there are plans to widen the turnpike between Exit 9 in East Brunswick Township to Exit 8A. This would change the dual-dual configuration (from 2-3-3-2) to "3-3-3-3".

The New Jersey Turnpike Authority had proposed to build two roads that were to pass through Monroe. The first was the Driscoll Expressway which was to start from the Garden State Parkway at exit 80 in South Toms River and end 3 miles north of exit 8A along the turnpike in South Brunswick. This project was killed in the 1980s. The other was a west-east spur, Route 92. It would have started at U.S. Route 1 just north of the intersection with Ridge Road in the township of South Brunswick and would have terminated at the Exit 8A toll gate in Monroe Township. However, this was cancelled on December 1, 2006. The Authority's main focus is now widening the Turnpike between Exit 6 and Exit 8A.

New Jersey Transit provides bus service to the Port Authority Bus Terminal in Midtown Manhattan on the 138 and 139 routes.[94]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g County Subdivisions: New Jersey - 2010 Census Gazetteer Files, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 9, 2013.
  3. ^ 2013 New Jersey Mayors Directory, New Jersey Department of Community Affairs. Accessed May 12, 2013.
  4. ^ Administration and Finance, Monroe Township. Accessed September 9, 2012.
  5. ^ Township Clerk's Office, Monroe Township. Accessed September 9, 2012.
  6. ^ a b 2005 New Jersey Legislative District Data Book, Rutgers University Edward J. Bloustein School of Planning and Public Policy, April 2005, p. 70.
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Township of Monroe, Geographic Names Information System. Accessed March 8, 2013.
  8. ^ a b c d e f DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 for Monroe township, Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 9, 2012.
  9. ^ a b c d Municipalities Grouped by 2011–2020 Legislative Districts, New Jersey Department of State, p. 7. Accessed January 6, 2013.
  10. ^ a b c Profile of General Demographic Characteristics: 2010 for Monroe township, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development. Accessed September 9, 2012.
  11. ^ a b PEPANNRES - Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012 - 2012 Population Estimates for New Jersey municipalities, United States Census Bureau. Accessed July 7, 2013.
  12. ^ a b GCT-PH1 Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - State -- County Subdivision from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed August 6, 2013.
  13. ^ Look Up a ZIP Code for Monroe Township, NJ, United States Postal Service. Accessed December 3, 2011.
  14. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  15. ^ A Cure for the Common Codes: New Jersey, Missouri Census Data Center. Accessed September 9, 2012.
  16. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  17. ^ Table 7. Population for the Counties and Municipalities in New Jersey: 1990, 2000 and 2010, New Jersey Department of Labor and Workforce Development, February 2011. Accessed September 9, 2012.
  18. ^ a b c Snyder, John P. The Story of New Jersey's Civil Boundaries: 1606–1968, Bureau of Geology and Topography; Trenton, New Jersey; 1969. p. 171. Accessed September 9, 2012.
  19. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Clearbrook Park CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 9, 2012.
  20. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Concordia CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 9, 2012.
  21. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Rossmoor CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 9, 2012.
  22. ^ DP-1 - Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data for Whittingham CDP, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 9, 2012.
  23. ^ New Jersey: 2010 - Population and Housing Unit Counts - 2010 Census of Population and Housing (CPH-2-32), United States Census Bureau, August 2012. Accessed November 25, 2012.
  24. ^ GCT-PH1 - Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County -- County Subdivision and Place from the 2010 Census Summary File 1 for Middlesex County, New Jersey, United States Census Bureau. Accessed September 9, 2012.
  25. ^ Clearbrook website
  26. ^ Concordia website
  27. ^ Rossmoor website
  28. ^ "Greenbriar at Whittingham" website
  29. ^ Carpello, Sandy. "Buggy rides take residents on trip through old J’burg ", Sentinel, December 26, 2002. Accessed August 6, 2013. "Buckelew was the driving force in the establishment of the Camden and Amboy Railroad in 1831, and the establishment of the Jamesburg & Freehold Agricultural Railroad in 1853."
  30. ^ "History of Spotswood", copy of article from Home News Tribune, January 20, 2000, from orough of Spotswood. Accessed August 6, 2013. "1913: Spotswood becomes a summer vacation spot with the opening of a health camp on Spotswood Lake -- now known as DeVoe. A few years earlier, a publisher named Bernarr Macfadden had established a Physical Culture City along Daniel Road, on the border of Spotswood and Monroe."
  31. ^ New Jersey Training School, New Jersey Office of the Attorney General, Juvenile Justice Commission. Accessed August 6, 2013. "The New Jersey Training School (NJTS) is the Juvenile Justice Commission's largest facility currently housing approximately 200 male juveniles."
  32. ^ Silent embraces, kisses mark memorial, Home News Tribune, March 24, 2006.
  33. ^ Bethel Indian Town, Richard S. Walling, February 2009.
  34. ^ The Marketplace (Monroe Township)
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