Monsieur Léonard

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Léonard

Léonard-Alexis Autié, also Autier (1751? – 20 March 1820), often referred to simply as Monsieur Léonard, was the favourite hairdresser of Queen Marie Antoinette.[1]

Royal patronage enabled him to open the Théâtre de Monsieur in partnership with the violinist Giovanni Viotti.[2]

His supposed memoirs were published posthumously in 1838 by Alphonse Levavaseur in Paris as Souvenirs de Léonard, coiffeur de la reine Marie-Antoinette. The authenticity of this book is disputed: its actual authorship has been attributed to Louis François L'Héritier[3] or Étienne-Léon de Lamothe-Langon(fr).[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Di Profio 2003, pp. 43, 534. Babeau 1895, p. 47, gives his surname as Antier. Some sources give his name as Jean-François Autié, possibly a confusion with his youngest brother, also a coiffeur in the atelier Léonard, who died under the guillotine on 7 thermidor an II (25 July 1794); see Péricaud 1908, pp. 4–6; M., "Léonard, le coiffeur de Marie-Antoinette, a-t-il été exécuté ?", columns 291–293 in Duprat 1905, no. 1086 (30 August); and Bord 1909. For countervailing opinion, see Lenôtre 1905, pp. 287, 281, and Arthur Pougin, columns 396–399 in Duprat 1905, no. 1088 (20 September).
  2. ^ Lister 2009, pp. 126, 154-156.
  3. ^ Bord 1909, p. 65.
  4. ^ OCLC 28902173.

Sources

  • Autié, Léonard [authorship disputed] (1838). Souvenirs de Léonard, coiffeur de la reine Marie-Antoinette. Paris: Alphonse Levavaseur. OCLC 28902173.
  • Babeau, Albert (1895). Le théâtre des Tuileries sous Louis XIV, Louis XV et Louis VI. Paris: Sociét´de l'Histoire de Paris. View at Google Books.
  • Bord, Gustave (1909). La Fin de deux légendes. L'affaire Léonard. Paris: H. Dragon. View at Google Books.
  • Di Profio, Alessandro (2003). La révolution des Bouffons : L'opéra italien au Théâtre de Monsieur 1789–1792. Paris: CNRS Editions. ISBN 9782271060174.
  • Duprat, Benjamin, editor (1905). L'intermédiaire des chercheurs et curieux, 41st year (at Google Books). Paris: L'Intermédiaire des chercheurs et curieux.
  • Fayolle; Michaud jeune (1842). "Léonard" in Michaud 1842, p. 323.
  • Lenôtre, G. [pseudonym of Théodore Gosselin] (1905). Le Drame de Varennes. Paris: Perrin. View at Google Books.
  • Lister, Warwick (2009). Amico: The Life of Giovanni Battista Viotti Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195372403.
  • Michaud, Joseph-François, editor (1842). Biographie universelle, ancienne et moderne, supplement, vol. 71. Paris: Michaud. View at Google Books.
  • Péricaud, Louis (1908). Théâtre de «Monsieur » Paris: Jorel. View at Google Books.

Further reading[edit]

  • Marie Antoinette's Head: The Royal Hairdresser, the Queen, and the Revolution by Will Bashor (Lyons Press, 2013). ISBN 978-0-7627-9153-8 - narrative non-fiction book about Léonard Autié and his role at Versailles

External links[edit]