Montélimar

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For the Italian wine grape as known as Montelimar, see Dolcetto.
Montélimar
Montélimar vue sud-ouest.JPG
Coat of arms of Montélimar
Coat of arms
Montélimar is located in France
Montélimar
Montélimar
Coordinates: 44°33′29″N 4°45′03″E / 44.5581°N 4.7508°E / 44.5581; 4.7508Coordinates: 44°33′29″N 4°45′03″E / 44.5581°N 4.7508°E / 44.5581; 4.7508
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Drôme
Arrondissement Nyons
Canton Montélimar-1
and Montélimar-2
Intercommunality Montélimar-Sésame
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Franck Reynier (PR)
Area
 • Land1 46.81 km2 (18.07 sq mi)
Population (2009)
 • Urban (2007) 61,861
 • Population2 36,194
 • Population2 density 770/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 26198 / 26200
Elevation 56–213 m (184–699 ft)
(avg. 81 m or 266 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Montélimar (French pronunciation: ​[mɔ̃.te.li.maʁ]; Latin name: Acumum, and Montelaimar in Occitan) is a commune in the Drôme department in southeastern France. It is the second-largest town in the department after Valence.

History[edit]

The site where the city of Montélimar stands today has been inhabited since the Celtic era. It was reconstructed during the Roman reign, including a basilica, aqueducts, thermae and a forum. The Adhémar family reigned over the city in the Middle Ages and built a castle (Château des Adhémar) which dominates the city silhouette even today.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.   ±%  
1793 6,240 —    
1800 6,320 +1.3%
1806 5,864 −7.2%
1821 7,161 +22.1%
1831 7,560 +5.6%
1836 7,966 +5.4%
1841 8,245 +3.5%
1846 9,445 +14.6%
1851 9,362 −0.9%
1856 11,523 +23.1%
1861 12,044 +4.5%
1866 11,100 −7.8%
1872 11,122 +0.2%
1876 11,946 +7.4%
1881 12,894 +7.9%
1886 14,014 +8.7%
1891 13,764 −1.8%
1896 13,741 −0.2%
1901 13,351 −2.8%
1906 13,554 +1.5%
1911 13,281 −2.0%
1921 11,716 −11.8%
1926 11,210 −4.3%
1931 13,696 +22.2%
1936 15,187 +10.9%
1946 15,972 +5.2%
1954 16,639 +4.2%
1962 19,999 +20.2%
1968 26,748 +33.7%
1975 28,058 +4.9%
1982 29,161 +3.9%
1990 29,982 +2.8%
1999 31,344 +4.5%
2008 34,847 +11.2%

Personalities[edit]

It was the birthplace of the French navigator Louis de Freycinet and the hometown of Émile Loubet, President of France from 1899 till 1906, who worked also as the mayor of Montélimar. Formula One racing driver Charles Pic, brother and fellow racing driver Arthur Pic and motorcycle racer Sylvain Guintoli were also born in the town.

Economy[edit]

Montélimar is widely regarded as the world capital of nougat.[citation needed] The local nougat is one of the 13 desserts of Provence and highly appreciated throughout the country. Montelimar nougat is mentioned in the opening lines of the Beatles' Savoy Truffle from The White Album. Travellers used to buy nougat de Montélimar on their way to the south of France (or when returning) as the city is next to the Rhône river and to the primary route N7. Since the construction of the A7 autoroute, many nougat factories have been forced to close as tourists no longer stop in Montélimar but bypass it instead.

International relations[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 2013-07-11. 

External links[edit]