Mont-Terrible

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Mont-Terrible
Department of Napoleonic France

1793–1800
Location of Mont-Terrible
Mont-Terrible, shown with 3 French departments plus the Principality of Neuchâtel and the Helvetic Republic
Capital Porrentruy
47°25′N 7°5′E / 47.417°N 7.083°E / 47.417; 7.083Coordinates: 47°25′N 7°5′E / 47.417°N 7.083°E / 47.417; 7.083
Historical era Napoleonic Wars
 -  Republic overthrows
Bishopric of Basel
19 December 1792
(29 Frimaire I)
 -  Convention annexes Porrentruy,
creating Mont-Terrible
25 March 1793
(5 Germinal I) 1793
 -  Montbéliard occupied,
annexed to Haute-Saône
10–11 October 1793
(19–20 Vendémiaire II)
 -  Montbéliard detached,
attached to Mont-Terrible
1 March 1797
(11 Ventôse V)
 -  Gained remainder of
Bp. Basel under Campo-Formio
18 October 1797
(26 Vendémiaire VI)
 -  Consulate annexes
Mont-Terrible to Haut-Rhin
17 February 1800
(28 Pluviôse VIII) 1800
 -  Partitioned between
Doubs and Bern

9 June 1815
Today part of

Mont-Terrible was one of the 130 departments of Napoleonic France, with its capital at Porrentruy.

The Mont Terrible for which the department was named is now known as mont Terri, a peak of 804 metres near Courgenay. Mont Terri is now in the canton of Jura, Switzerland.

The department was created in 1793 with the annexation of the short-lived Rauracian Republic, which had been created in December 1792 from a part of the Prince-Bishopric of Basel. In 1797, the old principality of Montbéliard, formerly given to Haute-Saône, was reattached to Mont-Terrible. The department was abolished in 1800. Its territory was annexed to the Haut-Rhin, within which it formed the two arrondissements of Delémont and Porrentruy. In 1815, the territory that had previously formed Mont-Terrible was partitioned between Doubs (Montbéliard) and the Swiss canton of Bern (now forming the canton of Jura and the Bernese Jura).