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Mont-Terrible was one of the 130 départements of Napoleonic France, with its capital at Porrentruy.

The Mont Terrible for which the département was named is now known as mont Terri, a peak of 804 m near Courgenay, now in the canton of Jura, Switzerland.

The département was created in 1793 with the annexation of the short-lived Rauracian Republic, created a few months earlier, in the previous year, from a part of the annexed Bishopric of Basel. In 1797, the old principality of Montbéliard, formerly given to Haute-Saône, was reattached to Mont-Terrible. The département was abolished in 1800, being annexed to the Haut-Rhin, within which it formed the two arrondissements of Delémont and Porrentruy. In 1815, the territory that had previously formed part of Mont-Terrible was partitioned between Doubs (Montbéliard) and the Swiss canton of Bern (now forming the canton of Jura and the Bernese Jura).

Coordinates: 47°25′00″N 7°05′00″E / 47.4167°N 7.08333°E / 47.4167; 7.08333