Mont Blanc massif

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Mont Blanc massif
Saleina-2.jpg
Highest point
Peak Mont Blanc (Italian: Monte Bianco)
Elevation 4,810.45 m (15,782.3 ft)
Coordinates 45°50′01″N 06°51′54″E / 45.83361°N 6.86500°E / 45.83361; 6.86500Coordinates: 45°50′01″N 06°51′54″E / 45.83361°N 6.86500°E / 45.83361; 6.86500
Geography
Countries France, Italy and Switzerland
Parent range Alps

The Mont Blanc massif (Occitan: Massís del Mont Blanc; Italian: Massiccio del Monte Bianco; French: Massif du Mont-Blanc) is a mountain range in the Graian Alps. It is named after Mont Blanc, at 4,810.45 m[1] the highest summit of the Alps. It is located in France (Haute-Savoie and Savoie), Italy (Aosta Valley), and Switzerland (western Valais).

The Col Ferret separates it from the Pennine Alps; the Little St Bernard Pass separates it from the Graian Alps; the Arve valley separates it from the Aiguilles Rouges and the French Prealps.

The French side of the Mont Blanc massif is drained by the rivers Arve and Isère. The Italian side is drained by the river Dora Baltea. The Swiss side is drained by left tributaries of the river Rhône. The three borders converge near the summit of Mont Dolent.

Mont Blanc is crossed by a 11.6 km tunnel that connects Courmayeur (Italy) to Chamonix (France). The tunnel is infamous for an accident on March 24, 1999, when a truck ignited in the tunnel, and the resulting fire lasted 53 hours and killed 39 people.

Peaks[edit]

The main peaks of the Mont Blanc massif are:

Name Height (metres) Height (feet)
Mont Blanc 4,810.45[1] 15,782
Mont Blanc de Courmayeur 4,748 15,577
Mont Maudit 4,465 14,648
Picco Luigi Amedeo 4,460 14,633
Dôme du Goûter 4,304 14,121
Mont Blanc du Tacul 4,248 13,937
Grand Pilier d'Angle 4,243 13,921
Grandes Jorasses 4,208 13,806
Aiguille Verte 4,122 13,523
Aiguille Blanche de Peuterey 4,112 13,491
Mont Brouillard 4,069 13,350
Aiguille de Bionnassay 4,066 13,341
Pic Eccles 4,041 13,258
Dôme de Rochefort 4,015 13,173
Dent du Géant 4,013 13,166
Aiguille de Rochefort 4,001 13,127
Les Droites 4,000 13,123
Aiguille de Tré-la-Tête 3,930 12,894
Aiguille d'Argentière 3,901 12,802
Aiguille de Triolet 3,870 12,697
Aiguille du Midi 3,843 12,609
Tour Noir 3,836 12,586
Aiguille des Glaciers 3,834 12,579
Mont Dolent 3,823 12,543
Aiguille du Chardonnet 3,822 12,540
Aiguille Noire de Peuterey 3,773 12,379
Aiguille du Dru 3,754 12,316
Dômes de Miage 3,688 12,100
Aiguille du Plan 3,673 12,051
Aiguille du Tour 3,540 11,615
Name Height (metres) Height (feet)
Aiguilles Dorées 3,519 11,545
Grand Darray 3,514 11,529
Grande Lui 3,509 11,512
Aiguille du Grépon 3,502 11,489
Aiguille des Grands Charmoz 3,445 11,302
Le Portalet 3,344 10,971
Pointe d'Orny 3,274 10,742
Mont Favre 3,259 10,693
Tita Neire 3,175 10,417
Grande Pointe des Planereuses 3,151 10,338
Pointe de Léchaud 3,127 10,260
Mont Buet 3,109 10,201
Pointe des Plines 3,057 10,030
Pic de Tenneverge 2,982 9,784
Aiguille du Belvédère (Aiguilles Rouges) 2,966 9,731
Le Génépi 2,884 9,462
Crammont 2,737 8,980
Pointe des Fours 2,719 8,921
Pointe du Colloney 2,692 8,832
Pointe Ronde 2,655 8,711
Catogne 2,599 8,527
Mont Joly 2,527 8,291
Brevent 2,525 8,284
Pointe de Sales 2,494 8,183
Aiguille de Varan 2,488 8,163
Mont Chetif 2,343 7,687
La Breya 2,194 7,198

Glaciers[edit]

Largest glaciers :

Passes[edit]

The main passes of the Mont Blanc massif are shown in the table below.

name location type elevation (m/ft)
Col de la Brenva Courmayeur to Chamonix snow 4,333 14,217
Col de Triolet Chamonix to Courmayeur snow 3,691 12,110
Col d'Argentière Chamonix to Orsières snow 3,516 11,536
Col de Talefre Chamonix to Courmayeur snow 3,484 11,430
Col de Miage Les Contamines to Courmayeur snow 3,376 11,077
Col du Géant Chamonix to Courmayeur snow 3,371 11,060
Col du Chardonnet Chamonix to Orsières snow 3,325 10,909
Col du Tour Chamonix to Orsières snow 3,280 10,762
Fenetre de Saleina Saleina Glacier to Trient Glacier snow 3,264 10,709
Col de Breuil Bourg-Saint-Maurice to La Thuile snow 2,879 9,446
Col du Mont Tondu Les Contamines to Courmayeur snow 2,590 8,498
Col Ferret Courmayeur to Orsières bridle path 2,533 8,311
Col de la Seigne Les Chapieux to Courmayeur bridle path 2,512 8,242
Col de Susanfe Champéry to Salvan foot path 2,500 8,202
Col du Bonhomme Contamines to Les Chapieux bridle path 2,483 8,147
Col de Sageroux Sixt to Champéry foot path 2,413 7,917
Col d'Anterne Sixt to Servoz bridle path 2,263 7,425
Col de Balme Chamonix to the Trient Valley bridle path 2,201 7,221
Little St Bernard Pass Aosta to Moûtiers road 2188 7179
Colle Checrouit Courmayeur to the Lac de Combal bridle path 1,960 6,431
Col de Voza Chamonix to Les Contamines bridle path 1,675 5,496
Col de la Forclaz (F) Chamonix to Saint-Gervais bridle path 1,556 5,105
Col de la Forclaz (CH) Argentière to Martigny road 1,520 4,987

See also[edit]

References[edit]