Montana's at-large congressional district

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Montana's 1st congressional district
MT-Atlarge.gif
Current Representative Ryan Zinke (RWhitefish)
Distribution 54.0% urban, 46.0% rural
Population (2014[1]) 1,023,579
Median income $33,024
Ethnicity 90.6% White, 0.3% Black, 0.5% Asian, 2.0% Hispanic, 6.2% Native American, 0.6% other
Cook PVI R+7

Montana is represented in the US House of Representatives by one at-large congressional district. The district is the largest congressional district by population with just over 1,000,000 constituents. It is also the second largest by size, after Alaska's at-large congressional district. It is currently represented by Republican Ryan Zinke, of Whitefish.

Politics[edit]

President George W. Bush won Montana in the 2004 Presidential election with 59.1% of the vote, beating John Kerry by 20 percentage points, which indicates that the district leans Republican. However, four years later John McCain won the state by only 2.5% over Barack Obama, and there is a significant Democratic presence in the state: as of 2013 the Governor's office and both U.S. Senate seats are controlled by the Democrats, which suggests that the district could be competitive in future elections.

Early at-large district[edit]

From statehood in 1889, until the creation of geographic districts in 1919, Montana was represented in the United States House of Representatives by members elected at-large. From 1913 to 1919, in fact, there were two seats, still elected at-large. In the reapportionment following the 1990 census Montana lost one of its two seats, and its remaining member was again elected at-large.

Recent voting history[edit]

Election results from presidential races

Year Results
2004 Bush 59 - 38%
2008 McCain 49 - 47%
2012 Romney 55 - 41%

List of representatives[edit]

1889–1919: One, then two seats[edit]

Congress(es) Seat A Years Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
51 Seat created upon statehood March 4, 1889 –
November 8, 1889
A second seat was added in 1913.
Thos Henry Carter.jpg Thomas H. Carter Republican Elected in 1889 November 8, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
52 No image.svg William W. Dixon Democratic Elected in 1890 March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
53 No image.svg Charles S. Hartman Republican Elected in 1892 March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
54 Re-Elected in 1894 March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
55 Silver
Republican
Re-Elected in 1896 March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
56 No image.svg Albert J. Campbell Democratic Elected in 1898 March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1901
57 No image.svg Caldwell Edwards Populist Elected in 1900 March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
58 JosephMDixon.jpg Joseph M. Dixon Republican Elected in 1902 March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
59 Re-Elected in 1904 March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1907
60 CharlesNPray.jpg Charles N. Pray Republican Elected in 1906 March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1909
61 Re-Elected in 1908 March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1911
62 Re-Elected in 1910 March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
63 JohnMEvans.jpg John M. Evans Democratic Elected in 1912 March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
TomStout.JPG Tom Stout Democratic Elected in 1912
64 Re-elected in 1914 March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1917
Re-elected in 1914

Retired
65 Re-elected in 1916

Redistricted to the 1st district
March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1919
RankinJ.jpg Jeannette Rankin[2] Republican Elected in 1916

Retired to run for U.S. Senate

The two at-large seats were moved to district representation in 1919, and remained until 1993, when Montana lost a seat due to redistricting from the 1990 US Census, re-establishing the single seat at-large district.

1993–present: One seat[edit]

Cong
ress
Representative Party Years Electoral history
District re-established January 3, 1993
103

104
PatWilliams.jpg Pat Williams Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1997
Redistricted from the 1st district,
and re-elected in 1992
Re-elected in 1994
Retired
105
106
RickHill2.jpg Rick Hill Republican January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2001
Elected in 1996
Re-elected in 1998
Retired, citing vision problems
107
108
109
110
111
112
Denny Rehberg, official portrait, 111th Congress.jpg Denny Rehberg Republican January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2013
Elected in 2000
Re-elected in 2002
Re-elected in 2004
Re-elected in 2006
Re-elected in 2008
Re-elected in 2010
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
113 Steve Daines, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Steve Daines Republican January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2015
Elected in 2012
Elected to the U.S. Senate
114 Ryan Zinke official congressional photo.jpg Ryan Zinke Republican January 3, 2015 –
Elected in 2014

Recent election results[edit]

The following are official results from the general elections.[3]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1998: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Rick Hill 175,748 53.01%
Democratic Dusty Deschamps 147,073 44.36%
Libertarian Mike Fellows 5,652 1.70%
Reform Webb Sullivan 3,078 0.93%
Majority 28,675 8.65%
Turnout 338,733 52.99%
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2000: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Denny Rehberg 211,418 51.50% -1.51
Democratic Nancy Keenan 189,971 46.28% +1.92
Libertarian James Tikalsky 9,132 2.22% +0.52
Majority 21,447 5.22% -3.43
Turnout 417,916 59.85% +6.86
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2002: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Denny Rehberg 214,100 64.62% +13.12
Democratic Steve Kelly 108,233 32.67% -13.61
Libertarian Mike Fellows 8,988 2.71% +0.49
Majority 105,867 31.95% +26.73
Turnout 340,272 54.48% -5.37
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2004: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Denny Rehberg 286,076 64.40% -0.22
Democratic Tracy Velazquez 145,606 32.78% +0.11
Libertarian Mike Fellows 12,548 2.82% +0.11
Majority 140,470 31.62% -0.33
Turnout 456,096 71.44% +16.96
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2006: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Denny Rehberg 239,124 58.88% -5.52
Democratic Monica Lindeen 158,916 39.13% +6.35
Libertarian Mike Fellows 8,085 1.99% -0.83
Majority 80,208 19.75% -11.87
Turnout 411,061 63.30% -8.14
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2008: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Denny Rehberg 308,470 64.14% +5.26
Democratic John Driscoll 155,930 32.42% -6.71
Libertarian Mike Fellows 16,500 3.43% +1.44
Majority 152,540 31.72% +11.97
Turnout 497,599 74.48% +11.18
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2010: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Denny Rehberg 217,696 60.41% -3.73
Democratic Dennis McDonald 121,954 33.84% +1.42
Libertarian Mike Fellows 20,691 5.74% +2.31
Majority 95,742 26.57% -5.15
Turnout 367,096 56.36% -18.12
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2012: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Steve Daines 255,468 53.25% -7.16
Democratic Kim Gillan 204,939 42.72% +8.88
Libertarian David Kaiser 19,333 4.03% -1.71
Majority 50,529 10.53% -16.04
Turnout 491,966 72.18% +15.82
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2014: Montana's at-large district[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Ryan Zinke 201,436 55.47% +2.22
Democratic John Lewis 146,474 40.34% -2.38
Libertarian Mike Fellows 15,105 4.16% +0.13
Majority 54,962 15.13% +4.6
Turnout 369,047 54.73% -17.45
Republican hold Swing

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2014". American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 30 January 2015. 
  2. ^ "Montana". Official Congressional Directory: 65th Congress. Washington DC: Government Printing Office. 1917. 
  3. ^ "Archived Official Election Results". Montana Secretary of State. State of Montana. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  4. ^ "Unoffical General Election Results". Montana Secretary of State. State of Montana. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 

References[edit]