Montana's at-large congressional district

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Montana's 1st congressional district
MT-Atlarge.gif
Current Representative Steve Daines (RBozeman)
Distribution 54.0% urban, 46.0% rural
Population (2000) 902,165
Median income $33,024
Ethnicity 90.6% White, 0.3% Black, 0.5% Asian, 2.0% Hispanic, 6.2% Native American, 0.6% other
Cook PVI R+7

Montana is represented in the US House of Representatives by one at large congressional district. The district is the largest congressional district by population with nearly 1,000,000 constituents. It is also the second largest by size, after Alaska's at-large congressional district. It is currently represented by Republican Steve Daines, of Bozeman.

Politics[edit]

President George W. Bush won Montana in the 2004 Presidential election with 59.1% of the vote, beating John Kerry by 20 percentage points, which indicates that the district leans Republican. However, four years later John McCain won the state by only 2.5% over Barack Obama, and there is a significant Democratic presence in the state: as of 2013 the Governor's office and both U.S. Senate seats are controlled by the Democrats, which suggests that the district could be competitive in future elections.

Early at-large district[edit]

From statehood in 1889, until the creation of geographic districts in 1919, Montana was represented in the United States House of Representatives by members elected at-large. From 1913 to 1919, in fact, there were two seats, still elected at-large. In the reapportionment following the 1990 census Montana lost one of its two seats, and its remaining member was again elected at-large.

Recent voting history[edit]

Election results from presidential races

Year Results
2004 Bush 59 - 38%
2008 McCain 49 - 47%

List of representatives[edit]

1889–1919: One, then two seats[edit]

Congress(es) Seat A Years Seat B
Representative Party Electoral history Representative Party Electoral history
51 Seat created upon statehood March 4, 1889 –
November 8, 1889
A second seat was added in 1913.
Thos Henry Carter.jpg Thomas H. Carter Republican Elected in 1889 November 8, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
52 No image.svg William W. Dixon Democratic Elected in 1890 March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1893
53 No image.svg Charles S. Hartman Republican Elected in 1892 March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1895
54 Re-Elected in 1894 March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1897
55 Silver
Republican
Re-Elected in 1896 March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1899
56 No image.svg Albert J. Campbell Democratic Elected in 1898 March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1901
57 No image.svg Caldwell Edwards Populist Elected in 1900 March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1903
58 JosephMDixon.jpg Joseph M. Dixon Republican Elected in 1902 March 4, 1903 –
March 3, 1905
59 Re-Elected in 1904 March 4, 1905 –
March 3, 1907
60 CharlesNPray.jpg Charles N. Pray Republican Elected in 1906 March 4, 1907 –
March 3, 1909
61 Re-Elected in 1908 March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1911
62 Re-Elected in 1910 March 4, 1911 –
March 3, 1913
63 JohnMEvans.jpg John M. Evans Democratic Elected in 1912 March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
TomStout.JPG Tom Stout Democratic Elected in 1912
64 Re-elected in 1914 March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1917
Re-elected in 1914

Retired
65 Re-elected in 1916

Redistricted to the 1st district
March 4, 1917 –
March 3, 1919
RankinJ.jpg Jeannette Rankin Republican Elected in 1916

Retired to run for U.S. Senate

The two at-large seats were moved to district representation in 1919, and remained until 1993, when Montana lost a seat due to redistricting from the 1990 US Census, re-establishing the single seat at-large district.

1993–present: One seat[edit]

Cong
ress
Representative Party Years Electoral history
District re-established January 3, 1993
103

104
PatWilliams.jpg Pat Williams Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1997
Redistricted from the 1st district,
and re-elected in 1992
Re-elected in 1994
Retired
105
106
RickHill2.jpg Rick Hill Republican January 3, 1997 –
January 3, 2001
Elected in 1996
Re-elected in 1998
Retired, citing vision problems
107
108
109
110
111
112
Denny Rehberg, official portrait, 111th Congress.jpg Denny Rehberg Republican January 3, 2001 –
January 3, 2013
Elected in 2000
Re-elected in 2002
Re-elected in 2004
Re-elected in 2006
Re-elected in 2008
Re-elected in 2010
Retired to run for U.S. Senate
113 Steve Daines, official portrait, 113th Congress.jpg Steve Daines Republican January 3, 2013 –
Present
Elected in 2012
Retiring to run for U.S. Senate

Recent election results[edit]

United States House of Representatives elections, 1998: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Rick Hill 175,748 53%
Democratic Dusty Deschamps 147,073 44%
Majority 28,675 9%
Turnout 0%
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2000: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Denny Rehberg 210,990 52%
Democratic Nancy Keenan 189,701 47%
Majority 21,289 5%
Turnout 400,691
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2002: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Denny Rehberg 211,714 64% +12%
Democratic Steve Kelly 107,478 33% -14%
Libertarian Mike Fellows 8,995 3%
Majority 104,236 31%
Turnout 328,187
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2004: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Denny Rehberg 285,170 64%
Democratic Tracy Velazquez 145,299 33%
Libertarian Mike Fellows 12,530 3%
Majority 139,871 31%
Turnout 442,999
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2006: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Denny Rehberg 238,031 59% -5
Democratic Monica Lindeen 157,499 39% +4
Libertarian Mike Fellows 7,747 2% -1
Majority 80,532 20% -11
Turnout 403,277
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2008: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Denny Rehberg 308,470 64.14 +5.14
Democratic John Driscoll 155,930 32.42 -6.58
Libertarian Mike Fellows 16,500 3.43 +1.43
Majority 152,540 31.72 +11.72
Turnout 480,900
Republican hold Swing
United States House of Representatives elections, 2010: Montana's at-large district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Denny Rehberg 217,696 60.31 -3.87
Democratic Dennis McDonald 121,954 33.79 +1.37
Libertarian Mike Fellows 20,691 5.73 +2.30
Majority 95,742 26.57 -5.15
Turnout 360,341
Republican hold Swing

References[edit]