Montana Legislature

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Montana State Legislature
Type
Type
Houses Senate
House of Representatives
Leadership
Jeff Essmann (R)
since January 8, 2013
Mark Blasdel (R)
since January 8, 2013
Structure
Seats 150
Political groups
Democratic Party
Republican Party
Elections
Last election
November 6, 2012
Next election
November 4, 2014
Meeting place
Helena capitol.jpg
Montana State Capitol, Helena
Website
http://leg.mt.gov/css/default.asp

The Montana State Legislature is the state legislature of the U.S. state of Montana. It is composed of the 100-member Montana House of Representatives and the 50-member Montana Senate.

The Montana Constitution dictates that the legislature meet in regular session for no longer than 90 days in each odd-numbered year. The primary work of the legislature is to pass a balanced biennial budget which must then be approved by the Governor.

Since the beginning of statehood for Montana, the Legislature has been split along party lines fairly consistently and evenly. Since adoption of the current state constitution in 1972, which mandated single-member legislative districts for the first time in the state's history, the Montana Senate has been controlled by Democrats in 9 sessions, and Republicans in 11 sessions. During the same period, the Montana House has been controlled by Democrats in 8 sessions and Republicans in 10 sessions with two ties. According to state law, in the instance of a tie, control goes to the party of the sitting Governor. The 63rd Legislature (2013–2014) is controlled by the Republican Party with the House having 61 Republican members and 39 Democratic members, and the Senate having 29 Republican members and 21 Democratic members..

Members are limited to serving no more than 8 years in either chamber but the term limit is consecutive not lifetime.

The Montana State Legislature meets in the state capital of Helena.

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