The Cannonball runs express through Bay Shore to the Hamptons along the Montauk Branch.
|Type||Commuter rail, freight rail|
|System||Long Island Rail Road|
|Locale||Long Island, New York, USA|
|Termini||Long Island City
|Owner||Long Island Rail Road|
|Operator(s)||Metropolitan Transportation Authority (passenger)
New York and Atlantic Railway (freight)
|No. of tracks||2 (from Long Island City to Sayville)
1 (east of Sayville)
|Track gauge||4 ft 8 1⁄2 in (1,435 mm)|
The Montauk Branch is a rail line owned and operated by the Long Island Rail Road in the U.S. state of New York. The branch runs the length of Long Island, 115 miles (185 km) from Long Island City on the west to Montauk on the east. However, in LIRR maps and schedules for public use the term Montauk Branch refers to the line east of Babylon; the line west of there is covered by Babylon Branch schedules to Jamaica.
The westernmost portion of the Montauk Branch in Queens, known as the "Lower Montauk", runs from Long Island City to Jamaica, mostly at street level with grade crossings. The five stations along this stretch (Richmond Hill, Glendale, Fresh Pond, Haberman, and Penny Bridge) were closed on March 13, 1998, due to low ridership and incompatibility with then-new C3 bi-level coach cars that can only use high platforms (only Richmond Hill had an actual platform, the other four stations' platforms were actually pavement strips beside the tracks). In November 2012, passenger train service on the Lower Montauk ceased and full control was transferred to the New York and Atlantic Railway for freight operations.
After Penn Station opened in 1910 the Lower Montauk became the freight route, and when the present Jamaica station opened in 1913 the two Lower Montauk tracks continued past the south side of the station, south of Hall tower and the south Union Hall Street platform and on to Holban Yard. Those two tracks now carry trains to/from the Hillside Facility that has replaced Holban Yard; they can also carry nonstop Main Line trains past Jamaica station. East from Jamaica the Montauk Branch runs between the Main Line tracks (with two usually westward Main Line tracks north of it and two eastward tracks south of it) until it rises to cross above the other tracks at and turns southeast to swing parallel to the Atlantic Branch at . The Montauk Branch east of Jamaica is 0.7 mile longer than the Atlantic.
The portion from Jamaica to Babylon has been electrified since 1925. From Babylon east to Montauk, diesel-electric or dual-mode electric/diesel-electric locomotives haul trains of passenger coaches.
The Montauk Line has heavy ridership and frequent service as far as Patchogue and commuter service as far as Speonk. In the summer, with travelers going out to The Hamptons, Fire Island and other beaches, additional service is operated to the far eastern terminal at Montauk, such as the Cannonball, a Friday afternoon train departing from Penn Station (originally Hunterspoint Avenue) and running non-stop to Westhampton. The Montauk Branch, along with the parallel Atlantic Branch, spawns three subsidiary branches: the West Hempstead Branch, Far Rockaway Branch, and Long Beach Branch.
The electrified portion of the Montauk Branch ends at Babylon; the electric service to Babylon is often identified as a separate service, the Babylon Branch. Some of the Montauk's diesel trains begin or end their runs at Babylon station, connecting with electric trains there. Other Montauk diesel trains operate into New York City, to Jamaica, Hunterspoint Avenue, Long Island City, or New York Penn Station. The terminal stations in diesel territory, east of Babylon, are Patchogue, Speonk, and Montauk. The Montauk Branch is double-tracked from just east of Long Island City all the way through Babylon, becoming single track at Y Interlocking (located east of the Sayville Station) (a short section of track east of Long Island City is single tracked). Most Montauk Branch diesel trains operate west to NYC via the diesel-only Central Branch, joining the Main Line east of Bethpage. Only a few actually run via the Montauk Branch west of Babylon, under normal conditions on the Main Line.
The Montauk was home to the last tower in North America that regularly used "hooping" train operations: PD Tower, in Patchogue. "Hooping" is the transfer of instructions to the engineer and conductor by attaching the folded orders to the "hoop", a rod several feet long with a loop at the end that is passed from the ground to a moving train by catching the loop on one's arm. The last train to get hooped at PD was train 2730 on May 6, 2006.
The Montauk Branch encounters frequent service and has heavy ridership because it serves the suburban communities on Nassau County's and westernmost Suffolk County's south shore. It is grade-separated on embankments or elevated structures from Jamaica Station to Babylon Station.
Currently, the Montauk Branch intersects with the Bushwick Branch, Bay Ridge Branch, West Hempstead Branch, and Central Branch, as well as the Main Line at Long Island City and Jamaica and the Atlantic Branch at Jamaica and Valley Stream; the Far Rockaway Branch and Long Beach Branch are connected via the Atlantic Branch at Valley Stream. In the past, junctions existed with the Rockaway Beach Branch (a quarter mile east of Woodhaven Boulevard), Southern Hempstead Branch (Valley Stream to Hempstead), Manorville Branch (Eastport to Manorville on the Main Line), and Sag Harbor Branch (Bridgehampton to Sag Harbor). In early times, the Scoot ran frequently between Greenport on the North Fork, "around the horn" on the Manorville Branch, and east to Sag Harbor. In their day, both of those villages were very busy, bustling ports.
Formation and early days: 1860s to 1925
The South Side Railroad of Long Island built the line from Bushwick, Brooklyn to Patchogue in the 1860s, and completed the new line to Long Island City in 1870. With the reorganization of the South Side as the Southern Railroad of Long Island in 1874 and its lease by the LIRR in 1876, this line became the Southern Railroad Division, Southern Railroad of Long Island Division, or simply Southern Division. Effective Sunday, June 25, 1876, all Southern Division passenger trains were rerouted to use the LIRR main line from Berlin Junction (west of Jamaica) to Rockaway Junction, and the LIRR's Rockaway Branch to Springfield Junction, where it crossed the Southern. This change resulted in the closure of the Southern's Berlin, Beaver Street (Jamaica), Locust Avenue, and Springfield stations. The old line between Jamaica and Springfield, which became freight-only, was renamed the Old Southern Road. The Southern was reorganized as the Brooklyn and Montauk Railroad in 1879, and on March 14, 1880, the name was changed from the Southern Division to the Montauk Division. Thus the old South Side Railroad, except between Jamaica and Springfield Junction, was now the Montauk Division.
The LIRR opened the Sag Harbor Branch, including the present Montauk Branch from Eastport to Bridgehampton, on June 8, 1870. On July 27, 1881, after the South Side became part of the LIRR, its line – then the Montauk Division – was extended east to the Sag Harbor Branch at Eastport. The Sag Harbor Branch east of Eastport became part of the Montauk Division, and the old line from Manor (Manorville) to Eastport became the Manor Branch. An extension to Montauk, splitting off the old Sag Harbor Branch at Bridgehampton, opened to Amagansett on June 1, 1895 and to Montauk by September, and the line between Bridgehampton and Sag Harbor reverted to the old Sag Harbor Branch name.
Babylon electrification: 1925 to present
Electrification of the Montauk Division from Jamaica to Babylon was completed on May 20, 1925, and normal operation began the next day. The Central Extension between Bethpage and Babylon was reopened for freight trains that had run via the Montauk Division.
The Montauk station was initially near the center of a sleepy fishing village at the north end of Fort Pond (where Austin Corbin built a pier in his unsuccessful effort to have trans-Atlantic ships dock there.) The Great Hurricane of 1938 devastated the terminus area and tore up sections of the roadbed. The population center then moved two miles (3 km) to the south, away from the station.
1998 saw the closure of three lightly used stations: Center Moriches, Quogue, and Southampton College. Southampton College was temporarily reinstated in 2004, complete with a steel walkway over Sunrise Highway to the Shinnecock Hills Golf Club, during the U.S. Open (golf) tournament. At the conclusion of the tournament, the walkway was dismantled and the station stop discontinued.
West Hempstead Branch trains split off after St. Albans. Babylon Branch trains terminate at Babylon, while Montauk Branch trains continue beyond. Many non-electric Montauk Branch trains that run express between Jamaica and Babylon run via the Main Line and Central Branch.
from Penn Station
|Connections / notes|
|1||Long Island City||1.9 (3.1)||June 26, 1854|| NYC Subway: (at Vernon Boulevard – Jackson Avenue)
MTA Bus: Q103
NY Waterway: East River Ferry
|Penny Bridge||June 26, 1854||March 16, 1998|
|Haberman||September 1910||March 16, 1998|
|Maspeth||February 1895||1924 or 1925|
|Fresh Pond||June 1869||March 16, 1998||Originally Bushwick Junction|
|Glendale||June 1869||March 16, 1998|
|Ridgewood||June 2, 1883||1924|
|Richmond Hill||July 1868||March 16, 1998||Originally Clarenceville|
|Shops||c. 1900||1913||Part of the Morris Park Facility|
|Originally Van Wyck Avenue, then Berlin|
|3||Jamaica||10.8 (17.4)||1836|| LIRR; Atlantic, Babylon, Belmont Park, Far Rockaway, Hempstead, Long Beach, Oyster Bay, Port Jefferson, Ronkonkoma, and West Hempstead Branches
NYC Subway: (at Sutphin Boulevard – Archer Avenue – JFK Airport)
NYCT Bus: Q20A, Q20B, Q24, Q30, Q31, Q43, Q44, Q54, Q56
MTA Bus: Q6, Q8, Q9, Q25, Q34, Q40, Q41, Q60, Q65
NICE Bus: N4
AirTrain JFK: Jamaica Station Route
|Union Hall Street||ca. 1890||1976||Originally New York Avenue|
|Canal Street||June 24, 1890||1899|
|Hillside||June 24, 1890||July 1, 1966||Originally Rockaway Junction|
|St. Albans||13.6 (21.9)||July 1, 1898||NYCT Bus: Q4|
|Springfield Gardens||1870s||October 30, 1979||Originally Springfield|
|Atlantic Branch converges at Springfield Junction|
|Rosedale||15.8 (25.4)||May 1870||Served by Atlantic Branch trains
Originally Foster's Meadow
|Queens / Nassau County border|
|Valley Stream||17.9 (28.8)||June 1869||Served by Atlantic Branch trains|
|Lynbrook||19.5 (31.4)||October 28, 1867|| LIRR: Long Beach Branch
NICE Bus: N4, N25, N31, N32, N36
Originally Pearsall's Corners, then Pearsall's
|7||Rockville Centre||21.1 (34.0)||October 28, 1867||NICE Bus: N14, N15, N16|
|Baldwin||23.0 (37.0)||October 28, 1867|| NICE Bus: N35
Originally Baldwinsville, then Baldwins
|Freeport||24.5 (39.4)||October 28, 1867||NICE Bus: N4, N19, N36, N40, N41, N43, N62, N88 (summer only)|
|Merrick||25.9 (41.7)||October 28, 1867||NICE Bus: N51|
|Bellmore||27.4 (44.1)||October 1869||NICE Bus: N45, N46, N50|
|Wantagh||27.8 (44.7)||October 28, 1867|| NICE Bus: N73, N74
|Seaford||29.5 (47.5)||May 26, 1899||NICE Bus: N54|
|Massapequa||30.5 (49.1)||October 26, 1867|| NICE Bus: N54, N55, N80, N81
Originally South Oyster Bay
|Massapequa Park||30.8 (49.6)||December 3, 1933||NICE Bus: N54, N55, N80, N81|
|Nassau County / Suffolk County border|
|9||Amityville||33.1 (53.3)||1868|| NICE Bus: N54
Suffolk County Transit: 1A, S1, S33
|Copiague||34.2 (55.0)||1902||Suffolk County Transit: 1B, S20, S31|
|Belmont Junction||January 1875||late 1876|
|Lindenhurst||35.5 (57.1)||October 28, 1867|| Suffolk County Transit: 1B, S20, S35
Originally Wellwood, then Breslau
|Central Branch converges|
|Babylon||38.4 (61.8)||October 28, 1867|| LIRR: Montauk Branch
NICE Bus: N19, N72
Suffolk County Transit: S20, S23, S25, S27, S29, S40, S42, S47 (summer only)
Terminus of electrification
|10||Bay Shore||42.5 (68.4)||May 28, 1868|| Suffolk County Transit: S40, S41, S42, S45, 2A, 2B
Fire Island Ferries to Fire Island (1 mile south)
Originally Penataquit, then Bayshore
|Islip Centre||December 1, 1868||June 1869|
|Islip||44.9 (72.3)||September 5, 1868||Suffolk County Transit: S42|
|Club House||May 1870||1897|
|Great River||47.0 (75.6)||1897|| Suffolk County Transit: S40, 3C
|Oakdale||49.2 (79.2)||December 1868||Suffolk County Transit: S40|
|Sayville||51.6 (83.0)||December 1868|| Suffolk County Transit: S40, S57, S59
Sayville Ferry Service to Fire Island (1.4 miles south)
|Blue Point||May 1870
|June 1, 1882
|Patchogue||55.7 (89.6)||April 1869|| Suffolk County Transit: S40, S54, S61, S63, S66, S68, 7A, 7B
Patchogue Village Bus
Davis Park Ferry to Fire Island (1 mile south)
|12||Bellport||59.6 (95.9)||1882|| Suffolk County Transit: S66, S68, 7B
Originally Accobomac then Brewster Place
|Brookhaven||1884||October 6, 1958|
|Mastic–Shirley||64.1 (103.2)||July 15, 1960||Suffolk County Transit: S66, S68, S71, 7D, 7E|
|Mastic||1882||July 15, 1960||Originally Forge|
|Center Moriches||1881||March 16, 1998||Originally Moriches|
|East Moriches||1897||October 6, 1958|
|Eastport||March 1870||October 6, 1958||Originally Moriches|
|Speonk||73.4 (118.1)||February 1870||Suffolk County Transit: S90|
|14||Westhampton||76.1 (122.5)||1870||Suffolk County Transit: S90|
|Quogue||June 1875||March 16, 1998|
|East Quogue||1871||c.1883||Originally Atlanticville|
|Hampton Bays||83.0 (133.6)||February 1871|| Suffolk County Transit: S92, 10B, 10E
Originally Good Ground
|Shinnecock Hills||1887||September 1932|
|Southampton College||April 1907
May 24, 1976
June 12, 1986
March 16, 1998
June 15, 1986
|Originally Golf Grounds, then Southampton Campus
Temporarily reopened for the 1986 U.S. Open
|Southampton||91.1 (146.6)||February 1871||Suffolk County Transit: S92, 10A|
|Water Mill||1875||ca. 1968||Originally Watermill|
|Bridgehampton||95.8 (154.2)||June 1870||Suffolk County Transit: S92, 10B|
|East Hampton||103.0 (165.8)||1895|| Suffolk County Transit: S92, 10B, 10C
|Amagansett||106 (170.6)||1895||Suffolk County Transit: 10C|
|Napeague Beach||1895||December 5, 1927|
|Fanny Bartlett||1924||December 31, 1928|
|Promised Land||1924||December 31, 1928|
|Montauk||117.0 (188.3)||1895||Suffolk County Transit: 10C|
- MTA LIRR – LIRR Map
- LIRR Montauk Branch Timetable
- Sengupta, Somini (1998-03-15). "End of the Line for L.I.R.R.'s 10 Loneliest Stops". New York Times. Retrieved 2007-12-24. "After 122 years, Glendale saw its last train on Friday."
- The LIRR Says Goodbye to the Lower Montauk (The LIRR Today; March 15, 2013)
- Block Operator Chris Soundy hooping some of the last orders from “PD” tower to the engineer of eastbound DE-30ac #420 (Photo: by Pat Masterson May 4, 2006
- PDF (57.0 KiB), January 2005 Edition
- Long Island Railroad Company, Long Island and where to Go, 1877
- "Long Island". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY). August 22, 1877. p. 1.
- "Railroad Changes". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY). June 27, 1876. p. 2.
- Electrification of the "Old Southern Road" between Jamaica and Springfield Junction; October 3, 1905 (Arrt's Arrchives)
- Vincent F. Seyfried, The Long Island Rail Road: A Comprehensive History, Part One: South Side R.R. of L.I., 1961
- "Railroad Reorganization". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY). March 15, 1880. p. 10.
- "Railroad Dedication". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY). June 6, 1870. p. 2.
- "Another Link". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY). July 22, 1881. p. 4.
- "Golden Days". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY). August 1, 1881. p. 4.
- "A Forest Fire". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY). June 13, 1896. p. 4.
- "Latest Long Island News". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY). June 1, 1895. p. 7.
- "The Fall Time Table". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY). September 7, 1895. p. 7.
- "New Block Signals". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY). March 8, 1896. p. 7.
- Arrt's Arrchives: Babylon Electrification
- PDF, June 2004 Edition
- Vincent F. Seyfried, The Long Island Rail Road: A Comprehensive History, Part Two: The Flushing, North Shore & Central Railroad, ©1963
- Station pages linked from LIRR Stations
- "Rapid Transit Extension". Brooklyn Daily Eagle (Brooklyn, NY). June 24, 1890. p. 1.
- Long Island Railroad Station History (TrainsAreFun.com)
- Baldwinsville Station (Arrt's Arrchives)
- Unofficial LIRR History Website (Babylon/Montauk Branch Stations)
- Earliest Stations of the LIRR (LIRR Unofficial History Website)
- The LIRR Says Goodbye to the Lower Montauk Branch (The LIRR Today)
- The Cannonball (The LIRR Today)
- Montauk Branch (The LIRR Today)