|Intercommunality||Canton of Montcuq|
|• Mayor (2010)||Guy Lagarde|
|• Land1||32.22 km2 (12.44 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||41/km2 (110/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||46201 / 46800|
|Elevation||135–291 m (443–955 ft)
(avg. 160 m or 520 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Lying 25 kilometres (16 mi) outside of Cahors, its residents are known as Montcuquois.
The town's name could derives from the Latin Mont Circus Vallium, Mont Cuneus or montem cuci, meaning "cuckoo mountain".
The town's foundation dates back to at least Roman times.
A stronghold of the Cathars, Montcuq received its charter from Raymond VI in the 12th century. On June 1, 1212, Simon de Montfort took the castle after it had been deserted by its defenders, and gave it to Beaudouin, half-brother of the Count of Toulouse, an ally of the Crusaders.
On February 17, 1214, Beaudouin marched on the Château de Lolmie, and after a short battle was arrested by Ratier de Castelnau, despite also being an ally of de Montfort. Transported to Montcuq and deprived of food, he refused to order his soldiers to surrender. The garrison offered to surrender if their lives be spared, but they were soon massacred. Beaudouin was taken to Montauban and hanged at his brother's command.
After the Treaty of Meaux in 1229, the French king rebuilt the walls of both the town and castle. Only the keep of the castle remains nowadays.
The castle was retaken several times by the English during the 14th century, and in the 16th century was plundered by the Huguenots.
In a well-known joke (1976), Daniel Prévost in the TV show "Le petit rapporteur" animated by Jacques Martin, visited the town and joked by asking a Montcuquois : "Is Montcuq well lit? Because I've heard that it is sometimes gloomy…". In French, Montcuq is pronounced the same as mon cul, meaning my ass. However the locals until recently spoke Occitan and the village name, when pronounced correctly has the 'q' pronounced as 'k', Mon-cuk.  
In 2007, Hasbro, the company that manufactures the Monopoly game in France, had the idea to have the online community choose the cities that will appear on the new version of the game. Montcuq by far won the most votes (52879 votes), well ahead of Dunkirk (Dunkerque) with 30640 votes and Reims (20727 votes). Hasbro however decided it had "played long enough with web 2.0" and had "decided to maintain its editorial line and to develop products that fit a commercial demand", so decided to out Montcuq from the board game. Hasbro has nonetheless decided to issue an all-Montcuq edition.   This little joke spun all the way to New York where members of the finance community voted for Montcuq and are thinking of adding Chatte, a town in the Isère department of France whose name in (slang) French also mean pussy. fr:Chatte (Isère)