Monte Soratte

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Monte Soratte
Soratte01.JPG
Mount Soratte seen from Via Flaminia
Elevation 691 m (2,267 ft)
Location
Monte Soratte is located in Italy
Monte Soratte
Monte Soratte
Italy
Coordinates 42°15′N 12°30′E / 42.250°N 12.500°E / 42.250; 12.500Coordinates: 42°15′N 12°30′E / 42.250°N 12.500°E / 42.250; 12.500

Monte Soratte (ancient: Soracte) is a mountain ridge in the province of Rome, Italy. It is a narrow, isolated limestone ridge with a length of 5.5 km (3.4 mi) and six peaks. Located some 10 km (6.2 mi) south east of Civita Castellana and c. 45 km (28 mi) north to Rome, it is the sole notable ridge in the Tiber Valley. The nearest settlement is the village of Sant'Oreste. Saint Orestes or Edistus, after whom the settlement is named, is said to have been martyred near Monte Soratte.

The highest summit is 691 m (2,267 ft) above sea-level. The ridge is part of a 444-hectare (1,100-acre) Natural Reserve housing a variety of vegetation and fauna.[1] It is also characterized by the so-called Meri, pits which can be up to 115 metres (377 ft) deep.

History and sights[edit]

The area was used by the ancient Italic tribes of the area (Sabines, Capenates, Faliscans and Etruscans) for the cult of the God Soranus. Mount Soratte was mentioned by Horace ("vides ut alta stet nive candidum Soracte?" Carm. i. 9), and Virgil, who stated that Apollo was its guardian deity. In reality it was sacred to Dis Pater and the gods of the lower world.[citation needed]

The hermitage of St. Sylvester is just below the summit. According to a legend, its church was founded by Pope Sylvester, who had taken refuge there to escape Constantine's persecution. The church houses 14th- and 15th-century frescoes.[2] Another four hermitages are on the ridge.[3]

The church of Santa Maria delle Grazie was built in 1835 over a pre-existing 16th-century edifice and houses a once highly venerated image of the Madonna.[citation needed]

Johann Wolfgang von Goethe mentioned the peak in Italian Journey, his diary of his travels through Italy from 1786–1788. He wrote that "Soracte stands out by itself in magnificent solitude. Probably this mountain is made of limestone and belongs to the Apennines."[4]

During World War II, after the 8 September 1943 bombing raid of Frascati, Field Marshal Albert Kesselring moved his headquarters from Frascati to the bunkers in Monte Soratte.[5][6]

Trivia[edit]

Mount Soratte was also nicknamed "Mount of Mussolini", as its profile seen from Magliano Sabina recalls that of the former Italian duce wearing a helmet.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Riserva Naturale Monte Soratte". Parks.it. Retrieved 25 July 2011. 
  2. ^ "Frescoes in the Church of San Silvestro" (in Italian). Associazione Avventura Soratte. Retrieved 25 July 2011. 
  3. ^ "Perimetro Istitutivo Della Riserva Naturale Monte Soratte" (in Italian). Provincia di Roma. 1997. Retrieved 25 July 2011. 
  4. ^ Goethe, Johann W. (1970). Italian Journey. Harmondsworth, Middlesex, England: Penguin. p. 127. ISBN 0-14-044233-2. 
  5. ^ Owen, Richard (5 August 2003). "Italians open Nazi bunker to tourists". The Times. Retrieved 26 July 2011. 
  6. ^ "The Bunker of the Monte Soratte" (in Italian). L'Associazione Bunker Soratte. Retrieved 26 July 2011.