|Comune di Montefalcione|
|• Mayor||Maria Antonietta Belli|
|• Total||15.15 km2 (5.85 sq mi)|
|Elevation||523 m (1,716 ft)|
|• Density||230/km2 (600/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Patron saint||Sant'Antonio di Padova|
|Saint day||13 June|
In the early days of January 1861, the governor of Avellino was warned of the preparations of the revolt, is running in the zone between Montefalcione, who came from Lapio, Montemiletto used, Torre le Nocelle and Pietradefusi. These news, was sent in the zone a department in reconnaissance commanded by captain Masi, with the order to make searches and to disarm the suspect. In spite of this, on 10 February in Montefalcione were hoisted some flags bourbon, and the subsequent arrival of captain Tagle in investigative function had no significant results. The situation in the area became progressively uncontrollable, and not even the National Guard was in a position to exercise any opposition to the upright feeling of rebellion. The evening of July 5 the military leaders of the revolt, led by the young Pagliuca, settled the last details of what to do, and exchanged the watchword that should have been "Rome and seven clubs". The morning after, two armed men stood by the mayor of Montefalcione, Diocle Polcari, formal to destroy the Savoy signs and incite the people to rebellion. After you have pretended that nondisclosure, the mayor fled to Candida from his brother Basil at the first opportunity. In the afternoon of the same day, about sixty men, including many soldiers bourbons in divided, they went into country controlled by Basilio Pagliuca and Carmine the Contrada. The arrival of the department, the population was lifted, disarming the National Guard, destroying the Savoy signs and raising in their place the bourbon flag; while the few liberals of the country they fled. The Savoy government was revoked, the restored Bourbon and Gaetano Baldassarre was appointed mayor by restoring in fact Montefalcione as territory of the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. The municipality irpino thus became the center of a revolt that soon there would be propagated to the countries and neighboring villages, while Pagliuca was assumed to reference point of conspirators of surrounding hamlets.
The most common surnames of Montefalcione are Iantosca, Pagliuca, Ciampa, Baldassarre, Martignetti, D'Amore, Petruzziello, Marcantonio, Cataldo and Polcaro.
The most important festival which since 1688, has been held on the last Sunday of August in honour of Sant'Antonio di Padova (Saint Anthony of Padova) who is the patron saint of the town. The following day there is the feast of Santa Lucia and a fireworks competition in which teams from all over Campania come to compete to give the best firework display.
In May the population celebrate Saint Feliciano Martyr whose relics have been preserved since 1826 in the local church of Santa Maria di Loreto.
Notes and references
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