Monterey County, California

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Monterey County, California
Monterey Bay Aquarium.jpg Main Street, Salinas.jpg
Pebble Beach Golf Links, hole 7.jpg Nuestra Senora del la Soledad chapel.JPG
Big Sur June 2008.jpg
Images, from top down, left to right: Monterey Bay Aquarium, Main Street in Salinas, the seventh hole at Pebble Beach Golf Links, Mission Soledad, Big Sur Coastline
Official seal of Monterey County, California
Location in the state of California
Location in the state of California
Country  United States
State  California
Region California Central Coast
Incorporated February 18, 1850[1]
Named for Monterey Bay
County seat Salinas
Largest city Salinas
 • Total 3,771.07 sq mi (9,767.0 km2)
 • Land 3,321.95 sq mi (8,603.8 km2)
 • Water 449.12 sq mi (1,163.2 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 415,057
 • Density 110/sq mi (42/km2)
Time zone Pacific Standard Time (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) Pacific Daylight Time (UTC-7)

Monterey County is a county located on the Pacific coast of the U.S. state of California, its northwestern section forming the southern half of Monterey Bay. The northern half of the bay is in Santa Cruz County. As of 2010, the population was 415,057.[2] The county seat and largest city is Salinas. Monterey County is a member of the regional governmental agency, Association of Monterey Bay Area Governments.

The coastline, including Big Sur, State Route 1, and the 17 Mile Drive on the Monterey Peninsula, has made the county world famous. The city of Monterey was the capital of California under Spanish and Mexican rule. The economy is primarily based upon tourism in the coastal regions and agriculture in the Salinas River valley. Most of the county's people live near the northern coast and Salinas valley, while the southern coast and inland mountain regions are almost devoid of human habitation.


Monterey County was one of the original counties of California, created in 1850 at the time of statehood. Parts of the county were given to San Benito County in 1874.

The county derived its name from Monterey Bay. The bay was named by Sebastián Vizcaíno in 1602 in honor of the Conde de Monterrey (or 'Count of Monterrey'), then the Viceroy of New Spain.[3] Monterrey is a variation of Monterrei, a municipality in the Galicia region of Spain where the Conde de Monterrey and his father (the Fourth Count of Monterrei) were from.


According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 3,771.07 square miles (9,767.0 km2), of which 3,321.95 square miles (8,603.8 km2) (or 88.09%) is land and 449.12 square miles (1,163.2 km2) (or 11.91%) is water.[4] The county is roughly 1.5 times larger than the state of Delaware, and roughly similar in population and size to Santa Barbara County.

Cities and towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

Other unincorporated communities[edit]

Other locales[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Counties and bodies of water adjacent to Monterey County, California

National protected areas[edit]

Marine protected areas[edit]

Transportation infrastructure[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Public transportation[edit]

Monterey County is served by Amtrak trains and Greyhound Lines buses. Monterey-Salinas Transit provides transit service throughout most of Monterey County, with buses to Big Sur and King City as well as in Monterey, Salinas and Carmel. MST also runs service to San Jose, California in Santa Clara County


Salinas Municipal Airport is located in the city of Salinas


The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates[edit]



Places by population, race, and income[edit]


Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 1,872
1860 4,739 153.2%
1870 9,876 108.4%
1880 11,302 14.4%
1890 18,637 64.9%
1900 19,380 4.0%
1910 24,146 24.6%
1920 27,980 15.9%
1930 53,705 91.9%
1940 73,032 36.0%
1950 130,498 78.7%
1960 198,351 52.0%
1970 250,071 26.1%
1980 290,444 16.1%
1990 355,660 22.5%
2000 401,762 13.0%
2010 415,057 3.3%
Est. 2012 426,762 2.8%
U.S. Decennial Census[14]
2012 Estimate[15]

The 2010 United States Census reported that Monterey County had a population of 415,057. The racial makeup of Monterey County was 230,717 (55.6%) White, 12,785 (3.1%) African American, 5,464 (1.3%) Native American, 25,258 (6.1%) Asian (2.8% Filipino, 0.7% Korean, 0.6% Chinese, 0.6% Japanese, 0.4% Vietnamese, 0.4% Indian), 2,071 (0.5%) Pacific Islander, 117,405 (28.3%) from other races, and 21,357 (5.1%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 230,003 persons (55.4%); 50.2% of Monterey County is Mexican, 0.8% Salvadoran, and 0.5% Puerto Rican.[16]


As of the census[17] of 2000, there were 401,762 people, 121,236 households, and 87,896 families residing in the county. The population density was 121 people per square mile (47/km²). There were 131,708 housing units at an average density of 40 per square mile (15/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 55.9% White, 3.8% Black or African American, 1.1% Native American, 6.0% Asian, 0.5% Pacific Islander, 27.8% from other races, and 5.0% from two or more races. 46.79% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 6.3% were of German and 5.4% English ancestry according to Census 2000. 52.9% spoke English, 39.6% Spanish and 1.6% Tagalog as their first language.

There were 121,236 households out of which 39.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.0% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.5% were non-families. 21.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.14 and the average family size was 3.65.

In the county the population was spread out with 28.4% under the age of 18, 10.9% from 18 to 24, 31.4% from 25 to 44, 19.3% from 45 to 64, and 10.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 female residents there were 107.3 male residents. For every 100 female residents age 18 and over, there were 107.7 male residents.

The median income for a household in the county was $48,305, and the median income for a family was $51,169. Men had a median income of $38,444 versus $30,036 for women. The per capita income for the county was $20,165. About 9.7% of families and 13.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.4% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.


At the local level, Monterey County is governed by the Monterey County Board of Supervisors. Like all governing body in California, the Monterey County Board of Supervisors is empowered with both legislative and executive authority over the entirety of Monterey County and is the primary governing body for all unincorporated areas within the County boundaries. The Board has five elected members, each of whom represents one of five districts. Taken together, the five districts comprise the entirety of the county.[18]

Current board members:

  • Fernando Armenta - 1st District
  • Louis Calcagno - 2nd District
  • Simon Salinas - 3rd District
  • Jane Parker - 4th District
  • Dave Potter - 5th District (current Board Chair)

The Board conducts its meetings in the county seat, Salinas, and is a member of the regional governmental agency, the Association of Monterey Bay Area Governments.[19][20]

Supervisorial Districts[edit]

Supervisorial district boundaries are divided roughly equally according to population, using data from the most recent census.[21] In addition, any redistricting changes must comply with both California law as well as the federal Voting Rights Act.[21] Boundaries are adjusted decennially based on data reported by the United States Census Bureau for the most recent census.[21]

District 1[edit]

The 1st District is geographically the smallest supervisorial district in Monterey County and falls entirely within the city limits of the city of Salinas.[18][22]

Fernando Armenta represents the 1st District on the Board of Supervisors.[23] His current term expires in January, 2013.[18]

District 2[edit]

As the northernmost supervisorial district in Monterey County, the 2nd District includes the communities of Boronda, Castroville, Las Lomas, Moss Landing, Pajaro, Prunedale, Royal Oaks, the northern neighborhoods of the city of Salinas, and those portions of the community of Aromas that are located within Monterey County.[18][24]

Louis Calcagno is currently the Supervisor for the 2nd District.[25] His current term ends in January, 2015.[18]

District 3[edit]

The 3rd District covers the majority of the Salinas Valley and southern Monterey County, extending to its border with San Luis Obispo County. The district includes the unincorporated communities of Spreckels, Chualar, and Jolon; the eastern portion of the city of Salinas; the cities of Gonzales, Greenfield, Soledad, and King City; the military installations at Fort Hunter Liggett and Camp Roberts; and portions of the Los Padres National Forest.[18][26]

The 3rd District is represented by Simon Salinas.[27] His current term ends in January, 2015.[18]

District 4[edit]

The 4th District includes the southwest portion of the city of Salinas, the cities of Del Rey Oaks, Marina, Seaside, Sand City, and the former military installation at Fort Ord.[18][28]

Jane Parker currently holds the seat for 4th District Supervisor.[29] Her current term ends in January, 2013.[18] However, having won reelection in June 2012, Parker's next term will extend until January, 2017.[30]

District 5[edit]

The 5th District is geographically the largest of the five supervisorial districts, and covers most of the Monterey Peninsula and southern coastline of Monterey County down to the southern county border with San Luis Obispo County. The 5th District includes the cities of Carmel-by-the-Sea, Monterey, and Pacific Grove; the unincorporated communities of Carmel Valley, Big Sur, Pebble Beach, San Benancio, Corral de Tierra, and Jamesburg; military installations at the Presidio of Monterey, the Defense Language Institute, and the Naval Postgraduate School; and the Ventana Wilderness area of the Los Padres National Forest.[18][31][32]

Dave Potter is currently the 5th District Supervisor.[18] His current term ends in January, 2013.[18]

State and Federal Representatives[edit]

Monterey is part of California's 17th congressional district, which is represented by Democrat Sam Farr. In the State Assembly, Monterey is part of the 27th and 28th districts, which are held by Democrats Bill Monning and Anna Caballero, respectively. Monning was first elected to the Assembly in November 2008; Caballero in November 2006. In the State Senate, a small part of Monterey is in the 12th district; most of the county is in the 15th. The 12th district is held by Republican Anthony Cannella and the 15th by Republican Sam Blakeslee, who is considered to be moderate.[citation needed] Cannella was first elected to the Senate in November 2010; Blakeslee in August 2010.


Voter registration statistics[edit]

Cities by population and voter registration[edit]


Monterey County vote
by party in presidential elections
Year GOP DEM Others
2012 31.1% 35,205 66.5% 75,354 2.4% 2,696
2008 29.9% 38,797 68.2% 88,453 2.0% 2,533
2004 38.4% 47,838 60.4% 75,241 1.3% 1,574
2000 37.2% 43,761 57.5% 67,618 5.2% 6,155
1996 36.7% 39,794 53.2% 57,700 10.2% 11,064
1992 31.3% 36,461 47.0% 54,861 21.7% 25,367
1988 49.8% 50,022 48.8% 48,998 1.4% 1,361
1984 57.2% 55,710 41.8% 40,733 1.1% 1,027
1980 54.7% 47,452 33.5% 29,086 11.8% 10,256
1976 51.0% 40,896 46.0% 36,849 3.0% 2,408
1972 57.0% 47,004 39.5% 32,545 3.5% 2,859
1968 50.2% 33,670 42.1% 28,261 7.7% 5,193
1964 37.9% 24,579 61.8% 40,093 0.3% 172
1960 56.3% 33,428 43.4% 25,805 0.3% 180
1956 59.5% 29,514 40.2% 19,932 0.3% 127
1952 62.5% 30,578 36.9% 18,051 0.6% 286
1948 50.6% 17,233 46.1% 15,704 3.3% 1,126
1944 45.8% 12,246 53.7% 14,342 0.5% 140
1940 44.0% 11,810 55.0% 14,758 1.0% 265
1936 37.7% 7,565 61.1% 12,267 1.2% 235
1932 39.4% 6,200 56.8% 8,942 3.9% 608
1928 63.1% 7,228 36.1% 4,138 0.8% 86
1924 61.1% 4,744 11.4% 886 27.5% 2,138
1920 67.8% 4,817 24.9% 1,771 7.3% 521

Monterey County is considered to be a strongly Democratic county in Presidential and congressional elections. The county voted for Al Gore in 2000, John Kerry in 2004 and Barack Obama in the 2008 election. The last Republican to win the county was George H.W. Bush in 1988.

According to the California Secretary of State, as of April, 2008, Monterey County has 147,066 registered voters. Of those voters, 72,550 (49.3%) are registered Democratic, 42,744 (29.1%) are registered Republican, 5,488 (3.7%) are registered with other political parties, and 26,284 (17.9%) declined to state a political party. Except for Sand City, all of the other cities, towns, and the unincorporated area of Monterey County have more individuals registered with the Democratic Party than the Republican Party. In Sand City, the Republicans have the advantage by 1 voter.

On Nov. 4, 2008 Monterey County voted 51.7% against Proposition 8 which amended the California Constitution to ban same-sex marriages.

Monterey County is subject to Section 5 of the Voting Rights Act which requires federal preclearance before implementing a change to "any voting qualification or prerequisite to voting."

Environmental features[edit]

Monterey County has habitat to support the following endangered species:


See also: Media in Monterey County

Television service for the community comes from the Monterey-Salinas-Santa Cruz designated market area (DMA). Radio stations Monterey-Salinas-Santa Cruz area of dominant influence (ADI) or continuous measurement market (CMM). Local newspapers include the Monterey County Herald, Monterey County Weekly, Salinas Californian and the Carmel Pine Cone.

Home prices[edit]

As of December 2005, Monterey County ranked among America's ten most expensive counties, with Santa Barbara County topping the list with a median home price of $753,790. In Monterey County, the median home price was $699,900. In the northern, more densely populated part in the county, the median home price was even higher, at $712,500, making it the fourth most expensive housing market in California. The disparity between the median household income of roughly $48,305 and the median home price of $700k has been cause for recent concern over excluding potential home buyers from the market. The end of the United States housing bubble has caused prices to drop substantially, with median home prices having fallen to $280,000 as at September 2008.[34]

Gallery of Monterey County locations (by city)[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.
  2. ^ Other = Some other race + Two or more races
  3. ^ Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  4. ^ a b Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.


  1. ^ "Chronology". California Counties. California State Association of Counties. Retrieved 2012-05-14. 
  2. ^ Mary Claypool: Redrawing districts not so easy. (2001-07-10). Retrieved on 2013-07-19.
  3. ^ Gudde, Erwin G. (1949). California Place Names. Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press. p. 222. ASIN B000FMOPP4. 
  4. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes – 2009. Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  7. ^ a b c United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Crime in the United States, 2012, Table 8 (California). Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  8. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  9. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  10. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  11. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  12. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  13. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Retrieved July 9, 2013. 
  15. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved July 9, 2013. 
  16. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau. 
  17. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  18. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Monterey County Supervisors and Their Districts". Board of Supervisors, County of Monterey. 
  19. ^ "Attend a Board Meeting". Board of Supervisors, County of Monterey. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  20. ^ "AMBAG Board of Directors". Association of Monterey Bay Area Governments. Retrieved 20 September 2012. 
  21. ^ a b c "Districts and Redistricting, Monterey County Elections". Monterey County Elections Department. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  22. ^ "Monterey County Supervisorial District 1 Map". County of Monterey. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  23. ^ "Monterey County 1st District Supervisor Fernando Armenta". Board of Supervisors, County of Monterey. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  24. ^ "Monterey County Supervisorial District 2 Map". County of Monterey. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  25. ^ "Monterey County 2nd District Supervisor Louis Calcagno". Board of Supervisors, County of Monterey. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  26. ^ "Monterey County Supervisorial District 3 Map". County of Monterey. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  27. ^ "Monterey County 3rd District Supervisor Simon Salinas". Board of Supervisors, County of Monterey. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  28. ^ "Monterey County Supervisorial District 4 Map". County of Monterey. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  29. ^ "Jane Parker, Supervisor Fourth District". Board of Supervisors, County of Monterey. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  30. ^ Rubin, Sara (7 June 2012). "Vote for Oaks: Jane Parker sweeps District 4 re-election on the tide of Whispering Oaks reversal". Monterey County Weekly. Retrieved 12 October 2012. 
  31. ^ "Monterey County Supervisorial District 5 Map (North District 5)". County of Monterey. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  32. ^ "Monterey County Supervisorial District 5 Map (South District 5)". County of Monterey. Retrieved 21 September 2012. 
  33. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
  34. ^ "". Retrieved on 30 October 2008.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°14′N 121°19′W / 36.24°N 121.31°W / 36.24; -121.31