Monteux

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For the orchestra conductor, see Pierre Monteux.
Monteux
Old city gate
Old city gate
Monteux is located in France
Monteux
Monteux
Coordinates: 44°02′10″N 4°59′49″E / 44.0361°N 4.997°E / 44.0361; 4.997Coordinates: 44°02′10″N 4°59′49″E / 44.0361°N 4.997°E / 44.0361; 4.997
Country France
Region Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur
Department Vaucluse
Arrondissement Carpentras
Canton Carpentras-Sud
Intercommunality Les Sorgues du Comtat
Government
 • Mayor (2001–2008) Christian Gros
Area
 • Land1 39.02 km2 (15.07 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Population2 10,884
 • Population2 density 280/km2 (720/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 84080 / 84170
Elevation 26–80 m (85–262 ft)
(avg. 42 m or 138 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Monteux is a commune in the Vaucluse department in the Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur region in southeastern France.

Geography[edit]

Monteux is near Carpentras, in middle of Comtat Venaissin, and around 20 km from Avignon, in the countryside between Mont Ventoux, the Rhône and the Durance. Its inhabitants are called Montelais or Montiliens.

The patron saint of the city is Saint Gens.

Nearby towns[edit]

Althen-des-Paluds, Entraigues-sur-la-Sorgue, Carpentras, Sarrians, Pernes-les-Fontaines, Loriol-du-Comtat.

Hydrography[edit]

The river Auzon crosses the commune to the north of the historical center.

Climate[edit]

The commune, located in the zone of influence of the Mediterranean climate, has four seasons. Two are dry: a short winter and a very long summer; two are rainy: autumn and spring. While the summers generally are hot and dry, due to subtropical anticyclone activity, there are stormy periods, sometimes violent. The winters are gently. Rain is infrequent and snow rare.

.[1]

Mois
Janv Fév Mars Avr Mai Juin Juil Août Sept Oct Nov Déc Année
Températures maximales moyennes (°C) 10 12 16 18 23 27 30 30 25 20 13 10 19,75
Températures minimales moyennes (°C) 2 3 6 8 12 15 18 18 14 11 6 3 9,6
Températures moyennes (°C) 6 7,5 11 13 17,5 21 24 24 19,5 15,5 8,5 7,5 14,7
Moyennes mensuelles de précipitations (mm) 36,5 23,3 24,9 47,5 45,6 25,4 20,9 29,1 65,8 59,6 52,8 34,0 465,4 Source : Données climatologiques de Carpentras 2000-2007

History[edit]

Antiquity[edit]

On the site of Bellegarde was exhumed a burial with incineration, remains of basalmaires, a terra cotta lamp, a plate and a glazed bowl of red ground.

Middle Ages[edit]

The Tower Clementine in which resided the Pope Clement V

As of 1211, Guillaume III, bishop of Carpentras, which compromised with the Co-lords Isnard d' Entrevennes, Imbert and Raymond d' Agoult, obtained the exemption of straight of toll on their stronghold. This one depended then on the count de Toulouse. It was in 1240 that Raymond VII gave of it suzerainty to Barral of the Beams, his nephew by alliance, then qu' he was in paréage between eight lords.

Today[edit]

Fireworks

Irrigation of the plain of Comtat Venaissin by channel of Carpentras and the installation of the railroad, with the line Avignon/Carpentras made it possible Monteux to develop an intensive agricultural activity related to the truck farming and fruit-bearing arboriculture. An industrial development gross in the area too: Ruggieri bomb disposal expert (pyrotechnical) and Ducros-Vahine (food industry).

Toponymy[edit]

The name of the commune is attested as of the 12th century in the form of ' ' of Montilis' ' (1188) like ' ' Montilium' ' or ' ' Monticulus' '. This C-W communication little will evolve/move since l' ' is found; ' Montels' ' in 1464 and ' ' Monteulx' ' in 1558.

Administration[edit]

The Municipal council is composed of 33 members: the Mayor, 9 assistant, and 23 city council men. He meets 8 to 10 times per annum in the Room of the Council of Town hall and rule by deliberations all businesses of the commune.

There exists also a Municipal council of Children, composed of 17 members, elected officials each year by the pupils of cycle 3 of the schools of the commune.

Intercommunality[edit]

Monteux belongs to the Community of communes Sorgues of Comtat, also made up of Althen-des-Paluds, and of Pernes-les-Fontaines.

It was created the 24. The community of common belongs to several mixed trade-unions:

  • Syndicat mixte ITER Vaucluse
  • Syndicat mixte intercommunautaire pour l'étude, la construction et l'exploitation d'unités de traitement des ordures ménagères de la région de cavaillon (sieceutom)
  • Syndicat mixte pour la création et le suivi du schéma de cohérence territoriale (SCOT) du sud Luberon

Twin towns[edit]

Monteux is twinned with Gladenbach in Germany, and Niemcza, in Poland.

Demography[edit]

Population history
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2007 2008
5237 5867 6471 7524 8157 9564 10,884 10,728 10,789
Starting in 1962: Population without duplicates

Economy[edit]

Tourism[edit]

Each year, in second half of May are held medieval festivals on a different topic. They spread out over 36 hours and mobilize 150 artists. Towards the end August, a gigantic fire is drawn; artifice which attracts a considerable crowd.

Agriculture[edit]

As of the end of the 19th century, the installation of the railway line Avignon/Carpentras accelerated the agricultural vocation of the commune. From years 1960, use of the agricultural greenhouses made it possible to market two speculations: the strawberry of Carpentras and the melon of Cavaillon.

Industry[edit]

Four zones of activities, covering 90 hectatres accommodate the companies: ZAC of Escampades I and II, the Artisanal Zone of Tapy and the Industrial Park of Beauchamp.

The main entreprises are:

  • Ducros-Vahiné, La Tisanière, industrie alimentaire.
  • Louis Martin, conserveries.
  • Conserveries Charles Faraud,
  • SIMC materiaux (Societée Industrielle de Materiaux de Construction),
  • Transports Lurit,
  • Ruggieri.

Culture[edit]

Monuments[edit]

  • Tower Clémentine
  • Old walls of the city
Old Avignon's door
  • Church Notre Dame de Nazareth
  • Chapel Notre Dame des Grâces
  • Chapel des Pénitents Noirs
Town hall
  • Town hall - this building was a hospital before, Hôpital St Pierre.

Sports[edit]

Many sports associations: rugby, football, handball, moto-ball, tennis, running, ping-pong, pétanque, cycling.

3 stadium : Georges Henri, Bertier et St-Hilaire

Personalities[edit]

Fountain with a bust of Nicolas Saboly
Painting of Benoni Auran

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Jules Courtet, Dictionnaire géographique, géologique, historique, archéologique et biographique du département du Vaucluse, Avignon, 1876.
  • Robert Bailly, Dictionnaire des communes du Vaucluse, Éd. A. Barthélemy, Avignon, 1986. ISBN 2-903044-27-9

External links[edit]