Montevideo is a department (departamento) of Uruguay. It is by far the smallest one in area but the most populated as well. It contains the city of Montevideo, capital of Uruguay. While most of the department is covered by the capital city, there are still smaller towns within its limits (e.g., Santiago Vázquez near the border with San José), which serve mostly as satellite towns and have still not merged with the rest of the city.
The census of 2011 has counted a population of 1,319,108 for the whole of Montevideo. Separate numbers have been provided for each of the 8 new divisions of the department called Municipios (Municipalities).