The Montevideo Resolution is the common name for Resolution IV.4.422-4224, passed in Montevideo, Uruguay on December 10, 1954 by the General Conference of UNESCO. The resolution was in support of Esperanto, an alternate international language, and recommended that the Director-General of UNESCO follow the evolution in the use of the language. In 1977, the Director-General visited the Universal Congress of Esperanto in Reykjavík, Iceland and in 1985, UNESCO passed a further resolution recommending that member countries encourage the teaching of Esperanto. The 1954 resolution was the result of a long campaign by Ivo Lapenna.
Text of the Resolution
General Conference of Unesco. Eight session. Montevideo (Uruguay), 1954. Resolution adopted on December 10th, 1954, in the eighteenth plenary-meeting.
- IV.1.4.422 - The General Conference,
Having discussed the report of the Director-General on the international petition in favour of Esperanto (8C/PRG/3),
- IV.1.4.4221 - Takes note of the results attained by Esperanto in the field of international intellectual relations and the rapprochement of the peoples of the world ;
- IV.1.4.4222 - Recognizes that these results correspond with the aims and ideals of Unesco ;
- IV.1.4.4223 - Takes note that several Member States have announced their readiness to introduce or expand the teaching of Esperanto in their schools and higher educational establishments, and requests these Member States to keep the Director-General informed of the results attained in this field ;
- IV.1.4.4224 - Authorizes the Director-General to follow current developments in the use of Esperanto in education, science and culture, and, to this end, to co-operate with the Universal Esperanto Association in matters concerning both organizations.
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