Montgomery Area School District

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Montgomery Area School District
Map of Lycoming County Pennsylvania School Districts.png
Doing whatever it takes for all students to succeed
Address
120 Penn Street
Montgomery, Pennsylvania, Lycoming County, 17752-1144
United States
Information
Type Public
Closed Elimsport Elementary School (2011)
School board 9 elected members
Superintendent Daphne L. (Ross) Bowers contract July 1, 2014 to June 30, 2019,
Administrator Mr. Grant Evangelisti, Business Manager

Linda Gutkowski, Director of Curriculum and Instruction

Director Jason Rupert, Athletic Director
Principal Michael L. Prowant, HS and MS
Principal Karen S. Snyder, ES
Staff 63 non teaching staff
Faculty 69 (2012), 73 teachers (2010)[1]
Grades K-12
Age 4 years old (Preschool) to 21 years old for special education
Pupils 898 students (2012-2013),[2] 927 students (2009-2010), 915 students (2011)[3]
Kindergarten 69 (2012), 66 (2010)
Grade 1 73 (2012), 66
Grade 2 66 (2012), 60
Grade 3 70 (2012), 65
Grade 4 68 (2012), 53
Grade 5 55 (2012), 62
Grade 6 68 (2012), 65
Grade 7 55 (2012), 63
Grade 8 60 (2012), 67
Grade 9 62 (2012), 80
Grade 10 58 (2012), 65
Grade 11 67 (2012), 72
Grade 12 67 (2012), 67 (2010)
Grade 13 Preschool - 53 students
Other Enrollment projected to remain stable through 2019[4]
Student to teacher ratio 12:1 in 2010
Language Englaish
Budget $12.3 million (2011-12)[5]

$12,460,167 (2008-2009)
$12,484,356 (2007-2008)[6]
$10,733,438 (2006-2007)
$10,480,161 (2005-2006)

Per pupil spending $13,507
Per pupil spending $13,992.84
Website

The Montgomery Area School District is a small, rural, public school district in Lycoming County. The school is centered on the borough of Montgomery and also serves: Clinton Township, Brady Township, and Washington Township. The District encompasses approximately 87 square miles (230 km2). According to 2000 federal census data, it serves a resident population of 7,749. By 2010, the District's population declined to 7,429 people.[7] In 2009, the district residents’ per capita income was $14,133, while the median family income was $42,027.[8] In the Commonwealth, the median family income was $49,501[9] and the United States median family income was $49,445, in 2010.[10] The educational attainment levels for the population (25 years old and over) were 81.9% high school graduates and 10.9% college graduates.[11]

According to Montgomery Area School District officials, in school year 2007-2008 the District provided basic educational services to 944 pupils. It employed: 82 teachers, 57 full-time and part-time support personnel and 5 administrators. In school year 2009-2010, the Montgomery Area School District had 902 pupils. It employed: 77 teachers, 55 full-time and part-time support personnel, and 7 administrators. Montgomery Area School District received more than $7 million in state funding in school year 2009-2010.

In 2011, Montgomery Area School District operates 3 public schools: Mongomery Area High School, Montgomery Middle School and Montgomery Elementary School. The BLaST Intermediate Unit IU17 provides the District with a wide variety of services like specialized education for disabled students and hearing, speech and visual disability services and professional development for staff and faculty. The District does not participate in a career and technical school in the region.

Governance[edit]

Montgomery Area School District is governed by 9 individually elected board members (serve without compensation for a term of four years), the Pennsylvania State Board of Education, the Pennsylvania Department of Education and the Pennsylvania General Assembly.[12] Three school board members are elected from each of the three areas in the district: 3 from the Borough of Montgomery, 3 from Clinton Township and 3 from the combined areas of Brady and Washington Townships. The federal government controls programs it funds like: Title I funding for low income children in the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and the No Child Left Behind Act, which mandates the district focus resources on student success in acquiring reading and math skills. The Superintendent and Business Manager are appointed by the school board. The Superintendent is the chief administrative officer with overall responsibility for all aspects of operations, including education and finance. The Business Manager is responsible for budget and financial operations. Neither of these officials are voting members of the School Board. The School Board enters into individual employment contracts for these positions. In Pennsylvania, public school districts are required to give 150 days notice to the Superintendent regarding renewal of the employment contract.[13]

Academic achievement[edit]

Montgomery Area School District was ranked 87th out of 498 Pennsylvania school districts in 2014, by the Pittsburgh Business Times.[14] The ranking is based on the last 3 years of student academic achievement as demonstrated by PSSAs results in: reading, writing, math and science and the three Keystone Exams (literature, Algebra 1, Biology I) in high school.[15] Three school districts were excluded because they do not operate high schools (Saint Clair Area School District, Midland Borough School District, Duquesne City School District). The PSSAs are given to all children in grades 3rd through 8th. Adapted PSSA examinations are given to children in the special education programs. Writing exams were given to children in 5th and 8th grades

  • 2013 - 106th[16]
  • 2012 - 80th[17]
  • 2011 - 88th[18]
  • 2010 - 93rd[19]
  • 2009 - 99th
  • 2008 - 102nd
  • 2007 - 76th out of 501 Pennsylvania school districts.[20]
Overachiever statewide ranking

In 2013, the Pittsburgh Business Times also reported an Overachievers Ranking for 498 Pennsylvania school districts. Montgomery Area School District ranked 18th. In 2012, the District was ranked 10th.[21] The editor describes the ranking as: "a ranking answers the question - which school districts do better than expectations based upon economics? This rank takes the Honor Roll rank and adds the percentage of students in the district eligible for free and reduced-price lunch into the formula. A district finishing high on this rank is smashing expectations, and any district above the median point is exceeding expectations."[22]

In 2009, the academic achievement, of the students in the Montgomery Area School District, was in the 88th percentile among all 500 Pennsylvania school districts Scale (0-99; 100 is state best) [23]

District AYP status history[edit]

In 2012, Montgomery Area School District achieved Adequate YEarly Progress (AYP) status In 2011, Montgomery Area School District declined to Warning status. In 2011, 94 percent of the 500 Pennsylvania public school districts achieved the No Child Left Behind Act progress level of 72% of students reading on grade level and 67% of students demonstrating on grade level math. In 2011, 46.9 percent of Pennsylvania school districts achieved Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) based on student performance. An additional 37.8 percent of school districts made AYP based on a calculated method called safe harbor, 8.2 percent on the growth model and 0.8 percent on a two-year average performance.[24] Montgomery Area School District achieved AYP status each year from 2004 to 2009, while in 2003 the Montgomery Area School District was in Warning status due to lagging student achievement.[25]

Graduation rate[edit]

In 2013, Montgomery Area Senior High School's graduation rate rose to 94.9%.[26] In 2012, Montgomery Area Senior High School's graduation rate was 92%.[27] In 2011, the graduation rate at Montgomery Senior High School declined to 89%.[28] In 2010, the Pennsylvania Department of Education issued a new, 4-year cohort graduation rate. Montgomery Area High School's rate was 89% for 2010.[29]

According to traditional graduation rate calculations:

  • 2010 - 85%[30]
  • 2009 - 87%
  • 2008 - 87%[31]
  • 2007 - 87% [32]
  • 2005 - 86%

High school[edit]

Montgomery Area High School is located at 120 Penn Street, Montgomery. In 2013, enrollment was reported as 254 pupils in 9th through 12th grades, with 28% of pupils eligible for a free lunch due to family poverty. Additionally, 10% of pupils received special education services, while none of the of pupils were identified as gifted. The school employed 23 teachers.[33] Per the PA Department of Education 100% of the teachers were rated "Highly Qualified" under the federal No Child Left Behind Act.

In 2010, Montgomery Area High School had 279 students enrolled in grades 9 through 12 with 83 students qualifying for a federal free or reduce priced lunch due to family poverty. It employed 25 teachers, yielding a student–teacher ratio of 11:1.[34] All of the teachers were highly qualified as defined by No Child Left Behind.[35]

2013 School Performance Profile

Montgomery Senior High School achieved 77.5 out of 100. Reflects on grade level reading, mathematics and science achievement. In reading/literature - 90.6% were on grade level. In Algebra 1, 84% showed on grade level skills. In Biology, 67% showed on grade level science understanding.[36]

AYP history

In 2011 and 2012, Montgomery Area High School was in Warning status due to lagging student achievement in reading and mathematics.[37] From 2003 through 2010, Montgomery Area HIgh School achieved Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) status each school year.[38]

PSSA Results
11th Grade Reading
  • 2012 - 73% on grade level, (6% below basic). State - 67% of 11th graders are on grade level.[39]
  • 2011 - 74% (12% below basic). State - 69.1% [40]
  • 2010 - 73% (11% below basic). State - 66% [41]
  • 2009 - 73% (4% below basic), State - 65% [42]
  • 2008 - 63% (15% below basic), State - 65%[43]
  • 2007 - 76% (14% below basic), State - 65% [44]
  • 2005 - 78%, 40% advanced (13% below basic), State - 65% [45]
  • 2004 - 61%, 24% advanced (20% below basic), State - 61%
11th Grade Math
  • 2012 - 75% on grade level (5% below basic). In Pennsylvania, 59% of 11th graders are on grade level.[46]
  • 2011 - 78%, (3% below basic). State - 60.3%.[47]
  • 2010 - 72%, (14% below basic). State - 59% [48]
  • 2009 - 78% (7% below basic). State - 56% [49]
  • 2008 - 78% (5% below basic). State - 56% [50]
  • 2007 - 63% (13% below basic). State - 53%
  • 2005 - 76% (10% below basic). State - 51%
  • 2004 - 72% (16% below basic). State - 49%
11th Grade Science
  • 2012 - 42% on grade level (5% below basic). State - 42% of 11th graders were on grade level.[51]
  • 2011 - 60% (5% below basic). State - 40%
  • 2010 - 45%, (11% below basic). State - 39%[52]
  • 2009 - 49% (6% below basic). State - 40% [53]
  • 2008 - 44% (7% below basic). State - 39% [54]

Graduation requirements[edit]

The Montgomery Area School Board has determined that a student must earn 28 credits to graduate, including: English 4 credits, Mathematics 4 credits, Social Studies 3 credits, Science 4 credits, and Health 1 course, Physical Education 2 courses, Drivers Education 1 course and enough electives to achieve 28 credits.[55]

By law, all Pennsylvania secondary school students must complete a project as a part of their eligibility to graduate from high school. The type of project, its rigor and its expectations are set by the individual school district.[56] The students at Montgomery Area High School are required to complete a career planning project.

By Pennsylvania State School Board regulations, beginning with the graduating classes of 2016, students must demonstrate successful completion of secondary level course work in Algebra I, Biology, English Composition, and Literature for which the Keystone Exams serve as the final course exams. Students’ Keystone Exam scores shall count for at least one-third of the final course grade.[57]

College remediation

According to a Pennsylvania Department of Education study released in January 2009, 17% of Montgomery Area Senior High School graduates required remediation in mathematics and or reading before they were prepared to take college level courses in the Pennsylvania State System of Higher Education or community colleges.[58] Less than 66% of Pennsylvania high school graduates, who enroll in a four-year college in Pennsylvania, will earn a bachelor's degree within six years. Among Pennsylvania high school graduates pursuing an associate degree, only one in three graduate in three years.[59] Per the Pennsylvania Department of Education, one in three recent high school graduates who attend Pennsylvania's public universities and community colleges takes at least one remedial course in math, reading or English.

Dual enrollment[edit]

Montgomery Senior High School offers the Pennsylvania dual enrollment program. This state program permits high school students to take courses at local higher education institutions to earn college credits. The students continue to have full access to activities and programs at their high school. The college credits are offered at a deeply discounted rate. The state offers a small grant to assist students in costs for tuition, fees and books.[60] Students may earn credits through Luzerne County Community College and Keystone College. They also have access to Bloomsburg University ACE program during the school year and the summer months.[61] Under the Pennsylvania Transfer and Articulation Agreement, many Pennsylvania colleges and universities accept these credits for students who transfer to their institutions.[62] The Pennsylvania College Credit Transfer System reported in 2009, that students saved nearly $35.4 million by having their transferred credits count towards a degree under the new system.[63] In 2010, the District received a $6,320 state grant to be used to assist students with tuition, fees and books.

SAT scores[edit]

In 2013, Montgomery Area School District's Verbal Average Score was 493. The Math average score was 458. The Writing average score was 434. The College Board reported that statewide scores were: 494 in reading, 504 in math and 482 in writing. The nation-wide SAT results were the same as in 2012.[64]

In 2012, 35 Montgomery Area School District students took the SAT exams. The District's Verbal Average Score was 467. The Math average score was 489. The Writing average score was 444. The statewide Verbal SAT exams results were: Verbal 491, Math 501, Writing 480. In the USA, 1.65 million students took the exams achieving scores: Verbal 496, Math 514, Writing 488. According to the College Board the maximum score on each section was 800, and 360 students nationwide scored a perfect 2,400.

In 2011, 42 Montgomery Area School District students took the SAT exams. The District's Verbal Average Score was 481. The Math average score was 527. The Writing average score was 474.[65] Pennsylvania ranked 40th among states with SAT scores: Verbal - 493, Math - 501, Writing - 479.[66] In the United States, 1.65 million students took the exam in 2011. They averaged 497 (out of 800) verbal, 514 math and 489 in writing.[67]

Montgomery Middle School[edit]

Montgomery Middle School is located at 120 Penn Street, Montgomery. In 2013, enrollment was 183 pupils, in grades 6th through 8th, with 37% of pupils eligible for a free lunch due to family poverty. Additionally, 8.7% of pupils received special education services, while 0.55% of pupils were identified as gifted.[68] According to a 2013 report by the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 100% of its teachers were rated "Highly Qualified" under No Child Left Behind.[69]

In 2010, the School had 197 students enrolled in grades 6th through 8th with 70 students receiving for a federal free or reduce priced lunch due to family poverty. It employed 16 teachers, yielding a student–teacher ratio of 12:1.[70] All of the teachers were rated Highly Qualified as defined by the No Child Left Behind law.[71] By 2013, enrollment at Montgomery Middle School had declined to 183 pupils.

2013 School Performance Profile

Montgomery Middle School achieved 81.1 out of 100. Reflects on grade level reading, mathematics, writing and science achievement. In reading, 85% of the students were on grade level. In Mathematics, 92% of the students showed on grade level skills. In Science, 68.9% of the 8th graders demonstrated n grade level understanding. In writing, 68.9% of the 8th grade students were on grade level.[72]

AYP history

In 2010 through 2012, Montgomery MIddle School achieved Adequate Yearly Progress (AYP) status.[73] In 2011, the attendance rate was 95%. In 2010, the attendance rate was reported as 95%.

PSSA Results
8th Grade Reading
  • 2012 - 89% on grade level, 60% advanced. In Pennsylvania, 79% of 8th graders on grade level.[74]
  • 2011 - 96%, 77% advanced. State - 81.8% [75]
  • 2010 - 86%, 52% advanced (8% below basic) State - 81% [76]
  • 2009 - 74%, 50% advanced (14% below basic), State - 80%
  • 2008 - 83%, 57% advanced (10% below basic), State - 78%
  • 2007 - 76%, 42% advanced (6% below basic), State - 75%[77]
  • 2005 - 81%, 41% advanced (13% below basic), State - 64%
  • 2004 - 70%, 28% advanced (8% below basic), State - 69%
8th Grade Math
  • 2012 - 98% on grade level 81% advanced. State - 76% [78]
  • 2011 - 96%, 77% advanced. State - 76.9%
  • 2010 - 87%, 67% advanced (8% below basic) State - 75%
  • 2009 - 65%, 38% advanced (13% below basic), State - 71%
  • 2008 - 84%, 57% advanced (8% below basic), State - 70% [79]
  • 2007 - 83%, 48% advanced (11% below basic), State - 67%
  • 2005 - 79%, 57% advanced (10% below basic), State - 62%
  • 2004 - 72%, 37% advanced ( 5% below basic), State - 58%
8th Grade Science
  • 2012 - 81% on grade level, 23% advanced (0% below basic). State - 59%
  • 2011 - 83%, 32% advanced (8% below basic). State - 58.3%.
  • 2010 - 68%, State - 57%.
  • 2009 - 56%, State: - 54% [80]
  • 2008 - 58%, State - 52% [81]

Montgomery Elementary School[edit]

Montgomery Elementary School is located at 120 Penn Street, Montgomery. In 2011, the school become the sole elementary school in the District. Enrollment rose by 90 pupils. In 2010, the school had 339 students enrolled in grades kindergarten through 5th with 138 students qualifying for a federal free or reduce priced lunch due to family poverty. It employed 26 teachers, yielding a student–teacher ratio of 13:1.[82] All of the teachers were rated as Highly Qualified as defined by the federal No Child Left Behind Act.[83] The school provides a full day kindergarten program and a taxpayer funded preschool program for four year olds.

2013 School Performance Profile

Montgomery Elementary School achieved 80.6 out of 100. The score reflects on grade level: reading, science, writing and mathematics achievement. In 2012-13, 83.5% of the students were reading on grade level in grades 3rd through 5th. In 3rd grade, 86.7% of the pupils were reading on grade level. In math, 89.5% were on grade level. In 4th grade science, 93.5% of the pupils demonstrated on grade level understanding. In writing, 86.7% of 5th grade pupils were on grade level.[84]

AYP History

In 2010 through 2012, Montgomery Elementary School achieved AYP status.[85] In 2011, the attendance rate was 95%, while in 2010, the attendance rate was reported as 96%.[86]

PSSA results
4th Grade Science
  • 2012 - 95%, 60% advanced. State - 82%
  • 2011 - 94%, 58% advanced, State – 82.9%
  • 2010 - 92%, State - 81%
  • 2009 - 96%, State - 83%
  • 2008 - 95%, State - 81%

Special education[edit]

In December 2012, Montgomery Area School District administration reported that 90 pupils or 10% of the District's pupils received Special Education services, with 52.2% of those identified having a specific learning disability.[89] In December 2011, the District administration reported that 105 pupils or 11.6% of the District's pupils received Special Education services, with 45.7% of those identified having a specific learning disability. In December 2010, the District administration reported that 129 pupils or 13.9% of the District's pupils received Special Education services, with 52% of those identified having a specific learning disability. In December 2009, the District administration reported that 125 pupils or 13% of the district's pupils received Special Education services.[90]

Montgomery Area School District engages in identification procedures to ensure that eligible students receive an appropriate educational program consisting of special education and related services, individualized to meet student needs. At no cost to the parents, these services are provided in compliance with state and federal law; and are reasonably calculated to yield meaningful educational benefit and student progress. To identify students who may be eligible for special education, various screening activities are conducted on an ongoing basis. These screening activities include: review of group-based data (cumulative records, enrollment records, health records, report cards, ability and achievement test scores); hearing, vision, motor, and speech/language screening; and review by the Instructional Support Team or Student Assistance Team. When screening results suggest that the student may be eligible, the District seeks parental consent to conduct a multidisciplinary evaluation. Parents who suspect their child is eligible may verbally request a multidisciplinary evaluation from a professional employee of the District or contact the Special Education Department.[91]

In 2010, the state of Pennsylvania provided $1,026,815,000 for special education services. The funds were distributed to districts based on a state policy which estimates that 16% of the district's pupils are receiving special education services. This funding is in addition to the state's basic education per pupil funding, as well as, all other state and federal funding.[92] The state's funding policy also assumes that each student’s needs accrue the same level of costs.[93] The state requires each district to have a three year special education plan to meet the unique needs of its special education students.[94] The state requires each public school district and charter school to have a three-year special education plan to meet the unique needs of its special education students.[95] In 2012, the Obama Administration's US Department of Education issued a directive requiring schools include students with disabilities in extracurricular activities, including sports.[96]

Montgomery Area School District received a $565,613 supplement for special education services in 2010.[97] The state funding for the 2011-2012, 2012–2013, 2013–2014 and 2014-2015 school years was the same as the funding rate in 2010-2011.[98] The enacted state budget included $1,026,815,000, for the 2011-2012 Special Education appropriation.[99]

Gifted education[edit]

Montgomery Area School District Administration reported that 5 or 0.66% of its students were gifted in 2009.[100] By law, the district must provide mentally gifted programs at all grade levels. The primary emphasis is on enrichment and acceleration of the regular education curriculum through a push in model with the gifted instructor in the classroom with the regular instructor. This approach permits such specialized instructional strategies as tiered assignments, curriculum compacting, flexible grouping, learning stations, independent projects and independent contracts. Students identified as gifted attending the High School have access to honors and advanced placement courses, and dual enrollment with local colleges. The referral process for a gifted evaluation can be initiated by teachers or parents by contacting the student’s building principal and requesting an evaluation. All requests must be made in writing. To be eligible for mentally gifted programs in Pennsylvania, a student must have a cognitive ability of at least 130 as measured on a standardized ability test by a certified school psychologist. Other factors that indicate giftedness will also be considered for eligibility.[101]

Remediation/Acceleration[edit]

The District operates a mandatory acceleration/remediation program at the end of the school day. The program is called MAPP (Montgomery Area Plus Program). It focuses on providing small group assistance in those academic areas in which students have not met standards. It runs at all schools at the end of the school day.

Bullying policy[edit]

The Montgomery Area School District administration reported there was 1 incident of bullying in the district in 2012. There were 7 incidents which involved local law enforcement, including an assault on a student and 4 incidents of burglary.[102][103][104]

The Montgomery Area School Board has provided the district's antibully policy online.[105] All Pennsylvania schools are required to have an anti-bullying policy incorporated into their Code of Student Conduct. The policy must identify disciplinary actions for bullying and designate a school staff person to receive complaints of bullying. The policy must be available on the school's website and posted in every classroom. All Pennsylvania public schools must provide a copy of its anti-bullying policy to the Office for Safe Schools every year, and shall review their policy every three years. Additionally, the district must conduct an annual review of that policy with students.[106] The Center for Schools and Communities works in partnership with the Pennsylvania Commission on Crime & Delinquency and the Pennsylvania Department of Education to assist schools and communities as they research, select and implement bullying prevention programs and initiatives.[107]

Education standards relating to student safety and antiharassment programs are described in the 10.3. Safety and Injury Prevention in the Pennsylvania Academic Standards for Health, Safety and Physical Education.[108]

Budget[edit]

Pennsylvania public school districts budget and expend funds according to procedures mandated by the General Assembly and the Pennsylvania Department of Education (PDE). An annual operating budget is prepared by school district administrative officials. A uniform form is furnished by the PDE and submitted to the board of school directors for approval prior to the beginning of each fiscal year on July 1.

Under Pennsylvania’s Taxpayer Relief Act, Act 1 of the Special Session of 2006, all school districts of the first class A, second class, third class and fourth class must adopt a preliminary budget proposal. The proposal must include estimated revenues and expenditures and the proposed tax rates. This proposed budget must be considered by the Board no later than 90 days prior to the date of the election immediately preceding the fiscal year. The preliminary budget proposal must also be printed and made available for public inspection at least 20 days prior to its adoption. The board of school directors may hold a public hearing on the budget, but are not required to do so. The board must give at least 10 days’ public notice of its intent to adopt the final budget according to Act 1 of 2006.[109]

In 2012, the average teacher salary in Montgomery Area School District was $56,703 a year, while the cost of the benefits teachers received was $17,375.91 per employee, for a total annual average teacher compensation of $74,079.29.[110] In 2011, the District employed 78 teachers with an average salary of $58,611 and a top salary of $115,920.[111]

In 2009, the district reports employing over 80 teachers with a starting salary of $40,000 for 180 days for pupil instruction.[112] The average teacher salary was $55,388 while the maximum salary is $107,965.[113] As of 2007, Pennsylvania ranked in the top 10 states in average teacher salaries. When adjusted for cost of living Pennsylvania ranked fourth in the nation for teacher compensation.[114] Additionally, Montgomery Area School District teachers receive a defined benefit pension, health insurance, professional development reimbursement, paid personal days, 10 sick days and other benefits. Teachers are paid extra if they are required to work outside of the regular school day [115] According to State Rep. Glen Grell, a trustee of the Pennsylvania Public School Employees’ Retirement System Board, a 40-year educator can retire with a pension equal to 100 percent of their final salary.[116]

In 2007, the Montgomery Area School District employed 70 teachers. The average teacher salary in the district was $51,484 for 180 school days worked.[117]

Per pupil spending Montgomery Area School District administrative costs per pupil in 2008 was $752 per pupil. The District was ranked 252nd out of 500 in Pennsylvania for administrative spending. The lowest administrative cost per pupil in Pennsylvania was $398 per pupil.[118]

In 2008, Montgomery Area School District reported spending $13,507 per pupil. This ranked 136th in the commonwealth.[119] In 2010 the per pupil spending had increased to $14,209.20 [120] Among the states, Pennsylvania’s total per pupil revenue (including all sources) ranked 11th at $15,023 per student, in 2008-09.[121] In 2007, the Pennsylvania per pupil total expenditures was $12,759.[122]

Reserves

In 2009, Montgomery Area School District reported $2,632,392 in an unreserved-undesignated fund balance. The designated fund balance was reported as $150,000.[123] In 2010, Montgomery Area Administration reported $2,539,369 in the unreserved-undesignated fund balance and $300,000 in its unreserved - designated Fund. Pennsylvania school district reserve funds are divided into two categories – designated and undesignated. The undesignated funds are not committed to any planned project. Designated funds and any other funds, such as capital reserves, are allocated to specific projects. School districts are required by state law to keep 5 percent of their annual spending in the undesignated reserve funds to preserve bond ratings. According to the Pennsylvania Department of Education, from 2003 to 2010, as a whole, Pennsylvania school districts amassed nearly $3 billion in reserved funds.[124]

Audit In December 2009, the Pennsylvania Auditor General conducted a performance audit of the Montgomery Area School District. Findings were reported to the administration and school board.[125]

Tuition Students who live in the Montgomery Area School District's attendance area may choose to attend one of Pennsylvania's 157 public charter schools. A student living in a neighboring public school district or a foreign exchange student may seek admission to Montgomery Area School District. For these cases, the Pennsylvania Department of Education sets an annual tuition rate for each school district. It is the amount the public school district pays to a charter school for each resident student that attends the charter and it is the amount a nonresident student's parents must pay to attend the Montgomery Area School District's schools. The 2012 tuition rates are Elementary School - $8,995.97, High School -. $10,223.35[126]

Montgomery Area School District is funded by a combination of: a local earned income tax - 1.25%, a property tax, a local service tax $5, Mechanical Device Tax/Per Device $125, a real estate transfer tax 0.5%, coupled with substantial funding from the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and the federal government. Grants can provide an opportunity to supplement school funding without raising local taxes. Interest earnings on accounts also provide nontax income to the District. In the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, pension income and Social Security income are exempted from state personal income tax and local earned income tax, regardless of the level of the individual’s personal wealth.[127] The average Pennsylvania public school teacher pension in 2011 exceeds $60,000 a year plus they receive federal Social Security benefits: both are free of Pennsylvania state income tax and local income tax which funds local public schools.[128]

State basic education funding[edit]

According to a report from Representative Todd Stephens office, Montgomery Area School District receives 58.3% of its annual revenue from the state.[129]

For the 2014-15 school year, Montgomery Area School District will receive $5,003,832 in State Basic Education funding. The District will also receive $51,249 in Accountability Block Grant funding and $55,172 in new Ready To Learn Block grant. The State’s enacted Education Budget includes $5,526,129,000 for the 2014-2015 Basic Education Funding.[130] The Education budget also includes Accountability Block Grant funding at $100 million and $241 million in new Ready to Learn funding for public schools that focus on student achievement and academic success. The State is paying $500.8 million to Social Security on the school employees behalf and another $1.16 billion to the state teachers pension system (PSERS). In total, Pennsylvania’s Education budget for K-12 public schools is $10 billion. This was a $305 million increase over 2013-2014 state spending and the greatest amount ever allotted by the Commonwealth for its public schools.[131]

For the 2013-14 school year, the Montgomery Area School District received a 1.2% increase or $5,002,584 in Pennsylvania Basic Education Funding. This is $57,088 more than its 2012-13 state BEF to the District. Additionally, Montgomery Area School District received $51,249 in Accountability Block Grant funding to focus on academic achievement and level funding for special education services. Among the public school districts in Lycoming County, Loyalsock Township School District received the highest percentage increase in BEF at 2.6%. The District has the option of applying for several other state and federal grants to increase revenues. The Commonwealth’s budget increased Basic Education Funding statewide by $123 million to over $5.5 billion. Most of Pennsylvania’s 500 public school districts received an increase of Basic Education Funding in a range of 0.9% to 4%. Eight public school districts received exceptionally high funding increases of 10% to 16%. The highest increase in state funding was awarded to Austin Area School District which received a 22.5% increase in Basic Education Funding.[132] The state funded the PSERS (Pennsylvania school employee pension fund) with $1,017,000,000 and Social Security payments for school employees of $495 million.[133]

For the 2012-13 school year, Montgomery Area School District received $4,996,745.[134] The Governor's Executive Budget for 2012-2013 included $9.34 billion for kindergarten through 12th grade public education, including $5.4 billion in basic education funding, which was an increase of $49 million over the 2011-12 budget. In addition, the Commonwealth provided $100 million for the Accountability Block Grant (ABG) program. Montgomery Area School District received $51,249 in Accountability Block Grant funding to focus on academic achievement. The state also provided a $544.4 million payment for School Employees’ Social Security and $856 million for School Employees’ Retirement fund called PSERS.[135] This amount was a $21,823,000 increase (0.34%) over the 2011-2012 appropriations for Basic Education Funding, School Employees' Social Security, Pupil Transportation, Nonpublic and Charter School Pupil Transportation. Since taking office, Corbett’s first two budgets have restored more than $918 million in support of public schools, compensating for the $1 billion in federal stimulus dollars lost at the end of the 2010-11 school year.

In the 2011-2012 budget, Montgomery Area School District received $4,945,496, in state Basic Education Funding.[136] Additionally, Montgomery Area School District received $51,249 in Accountability Block Grant funding.[137] The enacted Pennsylvania state Education budget included $5,354,629,000 for the 2011-2012 Basic Education Funding appropriation. This amount is a $233,290,000 increase (4.6%) over the enacted State appropriation for 2010-2011.[138] The highest increase in state basic education funding was awarded to Duquesne City School District, which got a 49% increase in state funding for 2011-12.[139] In 2010, the district reported that 334 students received free or reduced-price lunches, due to the family meeting the federal poverty level.[140]

For the 2010-2011 school year, Montgomery Area School District received a 2% increase in state Basic Education Funding resulting in a $5,345,294 payment.[141] Loyalsock Township School District received an 8.13% increase, which was the highest increase in BEF in Lycoming County. Kennett Consolidated School District in Chester County received the highest increase in the state at 23.65% increase in funding for the 2010-11 school year. One hundred fifty school districts received the base 2% increase in 2010-11. The amount of increase each school district receives was determined by then Governor Edward G. Rendell and the Secretary of Education, Gerald Zahorchak through the allocation set in the state's budget proposal made in February each year.[142] This was the second year of Governor Rendell’s policy to fund some districts at a far greater rate than others.

In the 2009-2010 budget year, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania provided a 2% increase in Basic Education funding for a total of $5,044,406. The district also received supplemental funding for English language learners, Title 1 federal funding for low-income students, for district size, a poverty supplement from the commonwealth and more.[143] Loyalsock Township School District received a 5.94% increase, the highest increase in Lycoming County for the 2009-10 school year. Among the 500 school districts in Pennsylvania, Muhlenberg School District in Berks County received the highest with a 22.31% increase in funding.[144]

For 2008-09, the state Basic Education funding to the Montgomery Area School District was $4,945,495.81. According to the Pennsylvania Department of Education, 277 district students received free or reduced-price lunches due to low family income in the 2007-2008 school year.[145]

Accountability Block Grants[edit]

Beginning in 2004-2005, the state launched the Accountability Block Grant school funding. This program has provided $1.5 billion to Pennsylvania’s school districts. The Accountability Block Grant program requires that its taxpayer dollars are focused on specific interventions that are most likely to increase student academic achievement. These interventions include: teacher training, all-day kindergarten, lower class size K-3rd grade, literacy and math coaching programs that provide teachers with individualized job-embedded professional development to improve their instruction, before or after school tutoring assistance to struggling students. For 2010-11 the Montgomery Area School District applied for and received $139,104 in addition to all other state and federal funding. The district used the funding to provide full-day kindergarten for the 7th year.[146][147]

Classrooms for the Future grant[edit]

The Classroom for the Future state program provided districts with hundreds of thousands of extra state funding to buy laptop computers for each core curriculum high school class (English, Science, History, Math) and paid for teacher training to optimize the computers use. The program was funded from 2006-2009. Montgomery Area School District did not apply for funding in 2006-07. In 2007-08 the district received $102,358. For the 2008-09, school year the district received $45,413 for a total of $147,771. Of the 501 public school districts in Pennsylvania, 447 of them received Classrooms for the Future grant awards.[148] The highest funding statewide was awarded to Philadelphia City School District in Philadelphia County - $9,409,073. The grant program was discontinued by Governor Edward Rendell as part of the 2009-10 state budget.

PreK Counts grant[edit]

Montgomery Area School District receives state funding to provide preschool at the elementary school at no cost to the parents. For the 2011-2012 school year, Pre-K Counts was funded at the 2010-2011 levels of $83.6 million statewide in Governor Tom Corbett`s proposed budget. The State also supplements the federal Head Start preschool program funding with an additional $37.6 million in state tax dollars. Pre-K Counts funding was initiated during the Rendell administration. In 2007-2008 the state funded Pre-K Counts at $75 million. Montgomery Area School District received funding in 2007-2008.[149] In 2009-2010, Montgomery Area School District received $300,000 to provide preschool to 50 children.[150][151] For the 2013-2014 school year, Montgomery Area School District received a PreK Counts grant of $393,000.[152] In 2013, the state’s PreK Counts program received $87,284,000.

Other grants[edit]

Montgomery Area School District did not participate in: Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection's Environmental Education annual grants;[153][154] PA Science Its Elementary grants (discontinued effective with 2009-2010 budget by Governor Rendell);[155] Education Assistance Grants, 2012 Striving Readers Comprehensive Literacy grant;[156] 2012 and 2013 Pennsylvania Hybrid Learning Grants;[157] nor the federal 21st Century Learning grants.

Halliburton Donation[edit]

In 2010, Halliburton donated $30,000 to upgrade the District's media center. The money was used to provide distance learning programs. The resources permit students to participate in a web based accelerated reader program, research lab, individualized math and reading remediation programs, virtual field trips, interaction with classrooms across the globe, distance learning, digital book clubs and author discussions.[158]

Federal Stimulus grant[edit]

Montgomery Area School District received an extra $1,331,660 in ARRA - Federal Stimulus money to be used in specific programs like special education and meeting the academic needs of low-income students.[159] The funding was limited to the 2009-10 and 2010-2011 school years.[160] Due to the temporary nature of the funding, schools were repeatedly advised to use the funds for one-time expenditures like acquiring equipment, making repairs to buildings, training teachers to provide more effective instruction or purchasing books and software.

Race to the Top grant[edit]

Montgomery Area School District officials applied for the Race to the Top federal grant which would have brought the district up to one million additional federal dollars for improving student academic achievement.[161] Participation required the administration, the school board and the local teachers' union to sign an agreement to prioritize improving student academic success.[162] In Pennsylvania, 120 public school districts and 56 charter schools agreed to participate.[163] Pennsylvania was not approved for the grant. The failure of the majority of school districts to agree to participate was cited as one reason that Pennsylvania was not approved.[164]

Common Cents state initiative[edit]

The Montgomery Area School Board chose to participate in the Pennsylvania Department of Education Common Cents program. The program called for the state to audit the district, at no cost to local taxpayers, to identify ways the district could save tax dollars.[165] After the review of the information, the district was not required to implement the recommended cost savings changes. The review identified potential annual savings of over $78,000 over a variety of cost centers, including food services, transportation, purchasing and utility costs. Opportunities for savings in food services and utility costs appeared particularly promising for the district.

Real estate taxes[edit]

Montgomery Area School Board set property tax rates in 2013-14 a 13.5100 12.2000 mills.[166] A mill is $1 of tax for every $1,000 of a property's assessed value Irregular property reassessments have become a serious issue in the commonwealth as it creates a significant disparity in taxation within a community and across a region. Pennsylvania school district revenues are dominated by two main sources: 1) Property tax collections, which account for the vast majority (between 75-85%) of local revenues; and 2) Act 511 tax collections (Local Tax Enabling Act), which are around 15% of revenues for school districts.[167] In 2010, miscalculations by the State Tax Equalization Board (STEB) were widespread in the Commonwealth and adversely impacted funding for many school districts, including those that did not cross county borders.[168]

Act 1 Adjusted index[edit]

The Act 1 of 2006 Index regulates the rates at which each school district can raise property taxes in Pennsylvania. Districts are not authorized to raise taxes above that index unless they allow voters to vote by referendum, or they seek an exception from the state Department of Education. The base index for the 2011-2012 school year is 1.4 percent, but the Act 1 Index can be adjusted higher, depending on a number of factors, such as property values and the personal income of district residents. Act 1 included 10 exceptions, including: increasing pension costs, increases in special education costs, a catastrophe like a fire or flood, increase in health insurance costs for contracts in effect in 2006 or dwindling tax bases. The base index is the average of the percentage increase in the statewide average weekly wage, as determined by the PA Department of Labor and Industry, for the preceding calendar year and the percentage increase in the Employment Cost Index for Elementary and Secondary Schools, as determined by the Bureau of Labor Statistics in the U.S. Department of Labor, for the previous 12-month period ending June 30. For a school district with a market value/personal income aid ratio (MV/PI AR) greater than 0.4000, its index equals the base index multiplied by the sum of .75 and its MV/PI AR for the current year.[176]

The School District Adjusted Index for the Montgomery Area School District 2006-2007 through 2010-2011.[177]

For the 2013-14 budget year, Montgomery Area School Board did not apply for exceptions to exceed their Act 1 Index limit. For the school budget year 2013-14, 311 Pennsylvania public school districts adopted a resolution certifying that tax rates would not be increased above their index. Another 171 school districts adopted a preliminary budget leaving open the option of exceeded the Index limit. For the exception for pension costs, 89 school districts received approval to exceed the Index in full while others received a partial approval of their request. For special education costs, 75 districts received approval to exceed their tax limit. For the pension costs exception, 169 school districts received approval to exceed the Index. Eleven Pennsylvania public school districts received an approval for grandfathered construction debts.[182]

In 2012, Montgomery Area School Board did not apply for exceptions to exceed the Act 1 Index. For 2012-2013, 274 school districts adopted a resolution certifying that tax rates would not be increased above their index; 223 school districts adopted a preliminary budget leaving open the option of exceeded the Index limit.[183]

Montgomery Area School Board applied for exceptions to exceed the Act 1 Index limit in 2011-12 due to pension costs and to maintain selected revenue sources.[184] Under Act 1 of 2006, school districts had the option of adopting either 1) a resolution by January 27 certifying they would not increase taxes above their index or 2) a preliminary budget by February 16. A school district adopting the resolution may not apply for referendum exceptions or ask voters for a tax increase above the inflation index. For 2011-2012, 247 school districts adopted a resolution certifying that tax rates would not be increased above their index; 250 school districts adopted a preliminary budget. In the Spring of 2011, 228 Pennsylvania public school district requested at least one exception to exceed their Act 1 Index limit.[185]

Montgomery Area School Board did not apply for exceptions to exceed the Act 1 index for the budgets in 2009-10 or in 2010-11.[186] In the Spring of 2010, 135 Pennsylvania school boards asked to exceed their adjusted index. Approval was granted to 133 of them and 128 sought an exception for pension costs increases.[187]

Property tax relief[edit]

In 2009, the Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief from gambling for the Montgomery Area School District was $207 per approved permanent primary residence. In the district, 1,541 property owners applied for the tax relief.[188] The tax relief was subtracted from the total annual school property on the individual's tax bill. Property owners apply for the relief through the county Treasurer's office. Farmers can qualify for a farmstead exemption on building used for agricultural purposes. The farm must be at least 10 contiguous acres and must be the primary residence of the owner. Farmers can qualify for both the homestead exemption and the farmstead exemption. The Pennsylvania Auditor General found that 69% of property owners applied for tax relief in Lycoming County.[189] In Lycoming County, the highest property tax relief in 2009 was $310 awarded to the approved property owners in Williamsport Area School District. Pennsylvania awarded the highest property tax relief to residents of the Chester-Upland School District in Delaware County at $632 per homestead and farmstead in 2010.[190] This was the second year Chester Upland School District was the top recipient.

Additionally, the Pennsylvania Property Tax/Rent Rebate program is provided for low income Pennsylvanians aged 65 and older; widows and widowers aged 50 and older; and people with disabilities age 18 and older. The income limit is $35,000 for homeowners. The maximum rebate for both homeowners and renters is $650. Applicants can exclude one-half (1/2) of their Social Security income, consequently individuals who have income substantially more than $35,000, may still qualify for a rebate. Individuals must apply annually for the rebate. This can be taken in addition to Homestead/Farmstead Property Tax Relief.[191]

Property taxes in Pennsylvania are relatively high on a national scale. According to the Tax Foundation, Pennsylvania ranked 11th in the U.S. in 2008 in terms of property taxes paid as a percentage of home value (1.34%) and 12th in the country in terms of property taxes as a percentage of income (3.55%).[192]

Enrollment and consolidation[edit]

Montgomery Area School District is experiencing low enrollment in K-12. The Pennsylvania Department of Education projects the district's enrollment will remain below 1000 pupils through 2018.[193] Shifting population trends across the U.S. and Pennsylvania are affecting school enrollment and may impact the building needs of school districts in the years to come.[194] Over the next 10 years, rural Pennsylvania school enrollment is projected to decrease 8 percent. The most significant enrollment decline is projected to be in western Pennsylvania, where rural school districts may have a 16 percent decline. More than 40 percent of elementary schools and more than 60 percent of secondary schools in western Pennsylvania are projected to experience significant enrollment decreases (15 percent or greater).[195]

A study done by Standard and Poors in 2007 (at the request of the PA General Assembly) examined the district consolidating with neighboring Muncy School District. It found that residents in both districts would realize substantial savings in a consolidation. Savings of over $1000 per pupil were estimated.[196] Superintendent were asked about savings, if their district were to merge with another district at the administrative level only, but not close any of their schools. It found 42% of survey respondents thought consolidation could achieve cost reductions. Additionally, 63% of responding superintendents believed that consolidation with another district would help provide additional academic enrichment opportunities for the students.[197] In March 2011, the Pennsylvania Institute of Certified Public Accountants Fiscal Responsibility Task Force released a report which found that consolidating school district administrations with one neighboring district would save the Commonwealth $1.2 billion without forcing the consolidation of any schools.[198] The study noted that while the best school districts spent 4% of the annual budget on administration, others spend over 15% on administration.[199]

Pennsylvania has one of the highest numbers of school districts in the nation. In Pennsylvania, 80% of the school districts serve student populations under 5,000, and 40% serve less than 2,000. Less than 95 of Pennsylvania's 501 school districts have enrollment below 1250 students, in 2007.[200]

Elimsport Elementary School[edit]

At the end of the school year in 2011, the school was closed due to low enrollment and district budget constraints.[201] Elimsport Elementary School is located at 69 Petersburg Road, Allenwood. In 2010 the school had 92 students enrolled in grades kindergarten through 5th with 16 students qualifying for a federal free or reduce priced lunch due to family poverty. It employs 8 teachers, yielding a student–teacher ratio of 11:1.[202] All of the teachers were Highly qualified as defined by No Child Left Behind.[203]

In 2010, the attendance rate was reported as 97%.[204] In April 2011, the school board closed the school and moved all the students the main campus.[205]

4th Grade Science;
  • 2010 - 100%, 78% advanced, State - 81%
  • 2009 - 100%, 58% advanced, State - 83%
  • 2008 - 100%, 78% advanced, State - 81%

Wellness policy[edit]

Montgomery Area School Board established a district wellness policy in 2006.[208] The policy deals with nutritious meals served at school, the control of access to some foods and beverages during school hours, age appropriate nutrition education for all students, and physical education for students K-12. The policy is in response to state mandates and federal legislation (P.L. 108 – 265). The law dictates that each school district participating in a program authorized by the Richard B. Russell National School Lunch Act (42 U.S.C. 1751 et seq) or the Child Nutrition Act of 1966 (42 U.S.C. 1771 et seq) "shall establish a local school wellness policy by School Year 2006." Most Pennsylvania public school districts identified the superintendent and school foodservice director as responsible for ensuring local wellness policy implementation.[209]

The federal legislation placed the responsibility of developing a wellness policy at the local level so the individual needs of each district can be addressed. According to the requirements for the Local Wellness Policy, school districts must set goals for nutrition education, physical activity, campus food provision, and other school-based activities designed to promote student wellness. Additionally, districts were required to involve a broad group of individuals in policy development and to have a plan for measuring policy implementation. Districts were offered a choice of levels of implementation for limiting or prohibiting low nutrition foods on the school campus. In final implementation these regulations prohibit some foods and beverages on the school campus.[210] The Pennsylvania Department of Education required the district to submit a copy of the policy for approval.

Montgomery Area School District offers both a free school breakfast and a free or reduced-price lunch to children in low income families. All students attending the school can eat breakfast and lunch. Children from families with incomes at or below 130 percent of the federal poverty level are provided a breakfast and lunch at no cost to the family. Children from families with incomes between 130 and 185 percent of the federal poverty level can be charged no more than 30 cents per breakfast. A foster child whose care and placement is the responsibility of the State or who is placed by a court with a caretaker household is eligible for both a free breakfast and a free lunch. Runaway, homeless and Migrant Youth are also automatically eligible for free meals.[211] The meals are partially funded with federal dollars through the United States Department of Agriculture.[212]

In 2013, the USDA issued new restrictions to foods in public schools. The rules apply to foods and beverages sold on all public school district campuses during the day. They limit vending machine snacks to a maximum of 200 calories per item. Additionally, all snack foods sold at school must meet competitive nutrient standards, meaning they must have fruits, vegetables, dairy or protein in them or contain at least 10 percent of the daily value of fiber, calcium, potassium, and Vitamin D.[213] In order to comply with the Healthy, Hunger-Free Kids Act of 2010 all US public school districts are required to raise the price of their school lunches to $2.60 regardless of the actual cost of providing the lunch.[214] In 2014, President Obama ordered a prohibition of advertisements for unhealthy foods on public school school campuses during the school day.[215] The Food and Drug Administration requires that students take milk as their beverage at lunch. In accordance with this law, any student requesting water in place of milk with their lunch must present a written request, signed by a doctor, documenting the need for water instead of milk.[216]

Montgomery Area School District provides health services as mandated by the Commonwealth and the federal government. Nurses are available in each building to conduct annual health screenings (data reported to the PDE and state Department of Health) and to dispense prescribed medications to students during the school day.[217] Students can be excluded from school, unless they comply with all the State Department of Health’s extensive immunization mandates. School nurses monitor each pupil for this compliance.[218][219] Nurses also monitor each child's weight.[220]

Extracurriculars[edit]

The Montgomery Area School District offers a variety of clubs, activities and sports. Several sports are offered in cooperation with the Muncy School District. Eligibility to participate is set by school board policies.[221][222]

By Pennsylvania law, all K-12 students in the district, including those who attend a private nonpublic school, cyber charter school, charter school and those home schooled, are eligible to participate in the extracurricular programs, including all athletics. They must meet the same eligibility rules as the students enrolled in the district's schools.[223][224][225]

Sports[edit]

The District funds:

Junior high school sports

According to PIAA directory July 2012 [226]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data Montgomery Area School District, 2011
  2. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Enrollment PA Public School 2012-13, October 4, 2013
  3. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (January 2009). "Montgomery Area School District Enrollment and Projections". 
  4. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Enrollment and Projections by LEA, July 2010
  5. ^ Patrick Donlin, Montgomery raises millage rate by 0.92, Williamsport Sun-Gazette, June 22, 2012
  6. ^ Public Financial Management, Inc. (August 9, 2010). "Montgomery Area School District General Obligation Bonds, Series A of 2010". 
  7. ^ US Census Bureau, 2010 Census Poverty Data by Local Educational Agency, 2011
  8. ^ US Census Bureau, American Fact Finder, 2009
  9. ^ US Census Bureau, American Fact Finder, State and County quick facts, 2010
  10. ^ US Census Bureau (September 2011). "Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2010". 
  11. ^ proximityone (2014). "School District Comparative Analysis Profiles". 
  12. ^ Pennsylvania Public School Code Governance 2010
  13. ^ Pennsylvania General Assembly, Pennsylvania School Code, 2013
  14. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (April 11, 2014). "Guide to Pennsylvania Schools Statewide School District Ranking 2014". 
  15. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times (April 11, 2014). "What makes up a district’s School Performance Profile score?". 
  16. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times, Guide to Western Pennsylvania Schools Statewide Honor Roll Rankings 2013, April 6, 2013
  17. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times, Statewide Honor Roll Information. April 2012
  18. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times, Statewide Honor Roll Rankings 2011, April 4, 2011
  19. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times, Statewide Honor Roll 2010, May 1, 2010
  20. ^ "Three of top school districts in state hail from Allegheny County". Pittsburgh Business Times. May 23, 2007. 
  21. ^ Pittsburgh Business Times, Statewide Overachivers Ranking Information, April 4, 2013
  22. ^ "Overachiever statewide ranking". Pittsburgh Business Times. May 6, 2010. 
  23. ^ "2009 PSSA RESULTS Montgomery Area School District,". The Morning Call. Retrieved March 2011. 
  24. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Pennsylvania Public School Districts AYP History, 2011
  25. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Pennsylvania District AYP History 2003-2010, 2011
  26. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Montgomery Area Senior High School - School Performance Report 2013, October 4, 2013
  27. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Montgomery Senior High School AYP Data Table 2012, September 21, 2012
  28. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 29, 2011). "MONTGOMERY Senior High School AYP Data Table". 
  29. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (March 15, 2011). "New 4-year Cohort Graduation Rate Calculation Now Being Implemented". 
  30. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Montgomery Area School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2010 data table, March 3, 2011
  31. ^ The Times-Tribune (June 25, 2009). "Lycoming County Graduation Rates 2008". 
  32. ^ Pennsylvania Partnerships for Children. "High School Graduation rate 2007". Retrieved January 31, 2011. 
  33. ^ US News and World Report, Best High Schools, 2013
  34. ^ National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data - Montgomery Senior High School, 2010
  35. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Professional Qualifications of Teachers - Montgomery High School, 2011
  36. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (October 4, 2013). "Montgomery Senior High School Academic Performance Data 2013". 
  37. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Montgomery Area High School AYP Overview 2012, September 21, 2012
  38. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Montgomery High School AYP Overview 2003-2010, September 29, 2011
  39. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 29, 2012). "2011-2012 PSSA and AYP Results". 
  40. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 29, 2011). "2010-2011 PSSA and AYP Results". 
  41. ^ "2010 PSSAs: Reading, Math, Writing and Science Results". 
  42. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 14, 2010). "2009 PSSAs: Reading, Math, Writing and Science Results". 
  43. ^ "The 2008 PSSA Mathematics and Reading School Level Proficiency Results (by Grade and School Total)". August 2008. 
  44. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "PSSA Math and Reading results by School and Grade 2007". 
  45. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2005). "Montgomery Area School District Academic Achievement Report Card 2005". 
  46. ^ Pittsburgh Post Gazette (October 15, 2012). "How is your school doing?". 
  47. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Montgomery High School Academic Achievement Report Card 2011, September 29, 2011
  48. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Montgomery High School Academic Achievement Report Card 2010, October 20, 2010
  49. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Montgomery High School Academic Achievement Report Card 2009, September 14, 2009
  50. ^ "Math PSSA Scores by District 2007-08 Montgomery Area School District Results". The Times-Tribune. June 25, 2009. 
  51. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "Montgomery Senior High School Academic Achievement Report Card 2012". 
  52. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "Pennsylvania PSSA Science Results 2010". 
  53. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2009). "Pennsylvania PSSA Science Results 2009". 
  54. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Montgomery High School Academic Achievement Report Card 2008, August 15, 2008
  55. ^ Montgomery Area School Board. "Montgomery Area High School Course Guide 2010-11". 
  56. ^ "Pennsylvania Code §4.24 (a) High school graduation requirements". 
  57. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 2011). "Pennsylvania Keystone Exams Overview". 
  58. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (January 2009). "Pennsylvania College Remediation Report". 
  59. ^ National Center for Education Statistics
  60. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Pennsylvania Department of Education - Dual Enrollment Guidelines.". 
  61. ^ Montgomery Area School District Administration. "Academic Dual Enrollment". 
  62. ^ "Pennsylvania Transfer and Articulation Agreement.". March 2010. 
  63. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. (April 29, 2010). "Report: PA College Credit Transfer System Makes Higher Education More Affordable, Accessible". 
  64. ^ College Board (2013). "The 2013 SAT Report on College & Career Readiness". 
  65. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2011). "Public School SAT Scores 2011". 
  66. ^ College Board (September 2011). "SAT Scores State By State - Pennsylvania". 
  67. ^ "While U.S. SAT scores dip across the board, N.J. test-takers hold steady". September 2011. 
  68. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (October 4, 2013). "Montgomery Middle School School Fast Facts". 
  69. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Professional Qualifications of Teachers Montgomery Middle School, October 4, 2013
  70. ^ National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data - Montgomery Middle School, 2010
  71. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Professional Qualifications of Teachers - Montgomery Middle School, 2011
  72. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (October 4, 2013). "Montgomery Middle School Academic Performance Data 2013,". 
  73. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "MONTGOMERY MIDDLE School AYP Overview 2012". 
  74. ^ Pittsburgh Post Gazette (October 15, 2012). "How is your school doing?". 
  75. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Montgomery Middle School Academic Achievement Report Card 22011, September 29, 2011
  76. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 14, 2010). "Montgomery Middle School School Academic Achievement Report Card 2010". 
  77. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "PSSA Math and Reading Results 2007". Retrieved February 2011. 
  78. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 21, 2012). "Montgomery Area Middle School Academic Achievement Report Card 2012". 
  79. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Montgomery Middle School Academic Achievement Report Card 2008, February 2011
  80. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "PSSA Science results 2008-09". Retrieved February 2011. 
  81. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Science Results by School and Grade 2008". Retrieved February 2011. 
  82. ^ National Center for Education Statistics, Common Core of Data - Montgomery Elementary School, 2010
  83. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Professional Qualifications of Teachers - Montgomery Elementary School, 2011
  84. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (October 4, 2013). "Montgomery Elementary School Academic Performance Data 2013,". 
  85. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 29, 2011). "Montgomery Elementary School - School AYP Overview". 
  86. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Montgomery Elementary School AYP Data Table". Retrieved March 2, 2011. 
  87. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (September 29, 2011). "2010-2011 PSSA and AYP Results". 
  88. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Montgomery Elementary School Academic Achievement Report Card 2010". Retrieved March 2, 2011. 
  89. ^ Pennsylvania Bureau of Special Education (January 31, 2013). "Montgomery Area School District Special Education Data Report LEA Performance on State Performance Plan (SPP) Targets School Year 2012-2013". 
  90. ^ Pennsylvania Bureau of Special Education (January 31, 2011). "Montgomery Area School District Special Education Data Report LEA Performance on State Performance Plan (SPP) Targets School Year 2008-2009". 
  91. ^ Montgomery Area School District (2010–2011). "Montgomery Area School District Special Education Department - Annual Public Notice of Special Education Services". 
  92. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Pennsylvania Special Education Funding". 
  93. ^ Senator Patrick Browne (November 1, 2011). "Senate Education Committee Holds Hearing on Special Education Funding & Accountability". 
  94. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education Amy Morton, Executive Deputy Secretary (November 11, 2011). "Public Hearing: Special Education Funding & Accountability Testimony". 
  95. ^ Amy Morton, Executive Deputy Secretary, Public Hearing: Special Education Funding & Accountability Testimony, Pennsylvania Department of Education, November 11, 2011
  96. ^ US Department of Education, U.S. Department of Education Clarifies Schools' Obligation to Provide Equal Opportunity to Students with Disabilities to Participate in Extracurricular Athletics, January 25, 2013
  97. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (July 2010). "Special Education Funding from Pennsylvania State_2010-2011". 
  98. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education, Investing in Pennsylvania Students - Montgomery Area School District, July 2014
  99. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (July 2011). "Pennsylvania Department of Education 2011-2012 Budget Information". 
  100. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (Revised December 1, 2009 Child Count (Collected July 2010)). "Gifted Students as Percentage of Total Enrollment by School District/Charter School".  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  101. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education and Pennsylvania School Board. "CHAPTER 16. Special Education For Gifted Students". Retrieved February 4, 2011. 
  102. ^ Pennsylvania Office of Safe Schools. "Montgomery Area School District Safety report 2012". Retrieved October 22, 2013. 
  103. ^ Pennsylvania Office of Safe Schools, Montgomery Area School District School Safety Annual Report 2008 - 2009, February 8, 2011
  104. ^ "Pennsylvania Safe Schools Online Reports". February 2011. 
  105. ^ Montgomery Area School District Administration (September 2008). "Montgomery Area School District Bullying/Cyberbullying Policy 249". 
  106. ^ "Regular Session 2007-2008 House Bill 1067, Act 61 Section 6 page 8". 
  107. ^ "Center for Safe Schools of Pennsylvania, Bullying Prevention advisory". Retrieved January 2011. 
  108. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education. "Pennsylvania Academic Standards". 
  109. ^ Pennsylvania General Assembly, Taxpayer Relief Act, Act 1 of the Special Session of 2006, June 27, 2006
  110. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2012). "Investing in Pennsylvania Students". 
  111. ^ "Montgomery Area School District Payroll report 2011". OpenPA Gov.org. 2013. 
  112. ^ "Pa. Public School Salaries, 2009". Asbury Park Press. Retrieved February 2011. 
  113. ^ "Montgomery Area School Payroll report". openpagov. Retrieved March 1, 2011. 
  114. ^ Teachers need to know enough is enough, PaDelcoTimes, April 20, 2010.
  115. ^ "Montgomery Area School District Teachers Union Employment Contract 2011". 
  116. ^ "Legislature must act on educators' pension hole.". The Patriot News. February 21, 2010. 
  117. ^ Fenton, Jacob,. "Average classroom teacher salary in Lycoming County, 2006-07". The Morning Call. Retrieved March 2011. 
  118. ^ Fenton, Jacob. (Feb 2009). "Pennsylvania School District Data: Will School Consolidation Save Money?, '". The Morning Call. 
  119. ^ "Per Pupil Spending in Pennsylvania Public Schools in 2008 Sort by Administrative Spending". 
  120. ^ Pennsylvania Department of Education (2010). "2009-10 Selected Data - 2009-10 Total Expenditures per ADM". 
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