Montgomery County, Alabama

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Montgomery County, Alabama
Montgomery County Courthouse.JPG
The Montgomery County Courthouse
Map of Alabama highlighting Montgomery County
Location in the state of Alabama
Map of the United States highlighting Alabama
Alabama's location in the U.S.
Founded December 6, 1816[1]
Seat Montgomery
Largest city Montgomery
Area
 • Total 799.76 sq mi (2,071 km2)
 • Land 789.76 sq mi (2,045 km2)
 • Water 9.99 sq mi (26 km2), 1.25%
Population
 • (2010) 229,363
 • Density 290/sq mi (112/km²)
Congressional districts 2nd, 3rd, 7th
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website www.mc-ala.org

Montgomery County is a county in the U.S. state of Alabama. It is the most populous county in the Montgomery Metropolitan Statistical Area; As of the 2010 census, its population was 229,363.[2]

History[edit]

Montgomery County was established by dividing Monroe County on December 6, 1816 by the Mississippi Territorial Legislature.[1] It is named for Lemuel P. Montgomery, a military officer killed at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend in the War of 1812.[citation needed] The city of Montgomery, which is the county seat, is named for Richard Montgomery,[citation needed] an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 while attempting to capture Quebec City, Canada.

Geography[edit]

According to the 2000 census, the county has a total area of 799.76 square miles (2,071.4 km2), of which 789.76 square miles (2,045.5 km2) (or 98.75%) is land and 9.99 square miles (25.9 km2) (or 1.25%) is water.[3]

Major highways[edit]

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 6,604
1830 12,695 92.2%
1840 24,574 93.6%
1850 29,711 20.9%
1860 35,904 20.8%
1870 43,704 21.7%
1880 52,356 19.8%
1890 56,172 7.3%
1900 72,047 28.3%
1910 82,178 14.1%
1920 80,853 −1.6%
1930 98,671 22.0%
1940 114,420 16.0%
1950 138,965 21.5%
1960 169,210 21.8%
1970 167,790 −0.8%
1980 197,038 17.4%
1990 209,085 6.1%
2000 223,510 6.9%
2010 229,363 2.6%
Est. 2012 230,149 0.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[5]

2010[edit]

The 2010 United States Census reported the following county population:

2000[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 223,510 persons, 86,068 households, and 56,804 families in the county. The population density was 283 persons per square mile (109/km2). There were 95,437 housing units, at an average density of 121 per square mile (47/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 48.85% White, 48.58% Black or African American, 0.99% Asian, 0.25% Native American, 0.03% Pacific Islander, 0.35% from other races, and 0.94% from two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos, of any race, made up 1.19% of the population.

By 2005, 52.5% of the population was black, 44.0% was non-Hispanic white, 1.4% was Hispanic, 1.2% was Asian, 0.2% was Native American, and 0.9% of the population reported two or more races. This excludes those who reported "some other race" and "white", because the Census Bureau reclassified all who reported "some other race" as white.

There were 86,068 households, 32.20% of which included children under the age of 18, 43.80% were married couples living together, 18.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.00% were non-families. Single-persons households were 29.50% of the total; 9.40% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.46. The average family size was 3.06.

Persons younger than 18 were 25.80% of the population; those 18–24, 11.70%; 25–44, 29.80%; 45–64, 20.90%; and 65 and older, 11.80%. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females there were 90.80 males. For every 100 females aged 18 and over, there were 86.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $35,962, and the median income for a family was $44,669. Males had a median income of $32,018; females, $24,921. The per capita income for the county was $19,358. About 13.50% of families and 17.30% of the population were below the poverty line, including 25.10% of those under age 18 and 13.70% of those 65 and older.

2008 election results[edit]

In the presidential race, Barack Obama won 62,166 votes, or 59%, while 42,031 votes (40% of those cast) were for John McCain[6]

Government and infrastructure[edit]

The Alabama Department of Corrections operates the Kilby Correctional Facility in Mount Meigs, an unincorporated area in the county.[7] The Montgomery Women's Facility, an ADOC facility for women, is located behind Kilby.[8] In addition ADOC operates the Red Eagle Work Center in an unincorporated area 3 miles (4.8 km) north of Downtown Montgomery.[9]

The Mount Meigs Campus, a juvenile correctional facility and the headquarters of the Alabama Department of Youth Services, which operates the campus, is in Mount Meigs.[10][11]

Cities and towns[edit]

Unincorporated areas[edit]

Education[edit]

The Montgomery Public Schools headquarters and Montgomery County Board of Education is located at 307 S. Decatur Street in Montgomery.

Montgomery Public Schools operates public schools.

The Montgomery City-County Public Library operates public libraries.

See also[edit]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b A Digest of the Laws of the State of Alabama: Containing The Statutes and Resolutions in Force at the end of the General Assembly in January, 1823. Published by Ginn & Curtis, J. & J. Harper, Printers, New-York, 1828. Title 10. Chapter VII. Pages 83-84. "An Act to divide the County of Monroe, and form a new County by the name of Montgomery—Passed December 6, 1816." (Google Books)
  2. ^ United States Census Bureau. "2010 Census Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 4 May 2012. 
  3. ^ "Census 2000 U.S. Gazetteer Files: Counties". United States Census. Retrieved 2011-02-13. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Census.gov. Retrieved June 30, 2013. 
  6. ^ Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections. Uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved on 2013-07-21.
  7. ^ "Kilby Correctional Facility." Alabama Department of Corrections. Retrieved on September 5, 2010.
  8. ^ "Montgomery Women's Facility." Alabama Department of Corrections. Retrieved on July 4, 2011.
  9. ^ "Red Eagle Work Center." Alabama Department of Corrections. Retrieved on July 4, 2011.
  10. ^ "Mt. Meigs Campus." Alabama Department of Youth Services. Retrieved on July 26, 2010.
  11. ^ "School District Contact Information and Addresses." Alabama Department of Youth Services. Retrieved on July 26, 2010. "DYS Central Office" "1000 Industrial School Road Mt. Meigs, AL 36057"

Further reading[edit]

  • Burton, Gary P., “The Founding Four Churches: An Overview of Baptist Beginnings in Montgomery County, Alabama,” Baptist History and Heritage (Spring 2012), 47#1 pp 39–51.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 32°13′09″N 86°12′34″W / 32.21917°N 86.20944°W / 32.21917; -86.20944