Montgomery County, Missouri

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Montgomery County, Missouri
Map of Missouri highlighting Montgomery County
Location in the state of Missouri
Map of the United States highlighting Missouri
Missouri's location in the U.S.
Founded December 14, 1818
Named for Richard Montgomery
Seat Montgomery City
Largest city Montgomery City
Area
 • Total 542 sq mi (1,404 km2)
 • Land 536 sq mi (1,388 km2)
 • Water 5.8 sq mi (15 km2), 1.1%
Population
 • (2010) 12,236
 • Density 23/sq mi (9/km²)
Congressional district 3rd
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5

Montgomery County is a county located in the eastern portion of the U.S. state of Missouri. As of the 2010 census, the population was 12,236.[1] Its county seat is Montgomery City.[2] The county was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 while attempting to capture Quebec City, Canada.

With a branch of Stone Hill Winery in New Florence, the county is part of the Missouri Rhineland. It is located approximately halfway between Columbia and St. Louis.

History[edit]

The county has evidence of human habitation from 10,000 years ago, the Archaic period of indigenous Americans. An ancient site was found during archaeological excavations at Graham Cave on the Loutre River.

In the early 19th century, European settlement started at a greater pace, after exploration during previous decades by French trappers and British and American fur traders.

Although the Loutre Island area is commonly associated with the German-founded towns of Rhineland and Starkenburg, established by immigrants of the mid-19th century and later, it was originally settled by Missouri's Anglo-southern settlers from places such as Kentucky or Virginia. Although the southern part of the county is more closely associated with Missouri's Rhineland, its northern part is more associated with Missouri's "Little Dixie" region, earning Montgomery county the nickname "Gateway to Little Dixie".

An early house of worship was a log church, which is still maintained as a chapel. St. Martin's Church is also located in Starkenburg, built in 1873 and listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Above its entrance is the text: "This is the House Of God and the Gate Of Heaven."

Starkenburg is also the site of the Shrine of Our Lady of Sorrows Catholic Church, built in the early 20th century and listed on the NRHP. For further devotions and pilgrimage, the community created an outdoor area for representations of the Stations of the Cross, Mount Calvary and Holy Sepulchre. Starkenburg is located inland from the Missouri River. After the destructive Great Flood of 1993, Rhineland citizens used federal funds to relocate their houses 1.5 miles (2.4 km) inland away from the river.

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 542 square miles (1,400 km2), of which 536 square miles (1,390 km2) is land and 5.8 square miles (15 km2) (1.1%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

Major highways[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1820 3,074
1830 3,902 26.9%
1840 4,371 12.0%
1850 5,489 25.6%
1860 9,718 77.0%
1870 10,405 7.1%
1880 16,249 56.2%
1890 16,850 3.7%
1900 16,571 −1.7%
1910 15,604 −5.8%
1920 15,233 −2.4%
1930 13,011 −14.6%
1940 12,442 −4.4%
1950 11,555 −7.1%
1960 11,097 −4.0%
1970 11,000 −0.9%
1980 11,537 4.9%
1990 11,355 −1.6%
2000 12,136 6.9%
2010 12,236 0.8%
Est. 2013 11,965 −2.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
1790-1960[5] 1900-1990[6]
1990-2000[7] 2010-2013[1]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 12,136 people, 4,775 households, and 3,337 families residing in the county. The population density was 23 people per square mile (9/km²). There were 5,726 housing units at an average density of 11 per square mile (4/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 95.97% White, 2.04% Black or African American, 0.24% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.21% from other races, and 1.28% from two or more races. Approximately 0.77% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 39.1% were of German, 18.4% American, 10.2% English and 9.2% Irish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 4,775 households out of which 31.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.90% were married couples living together, 8.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.10% were non-families. 26.30% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.20% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.47 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the county the population was spread out with 25.40% under the age of 18, 7.40% from 18 to 24, 26.10% from 25 to 44, 23.90% from 45 to 64, and 17.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females there were 98.10 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 93.70 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $32,772, and the median income for a family was $38,632. Males had a median income of $27,933 versus $19,809 for females. The per capita income for the county was $15,092. About 8.40% of families and 11.80% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.60% of those under age 18 and 10.60% of those age 65 or over.

Community groups[edit]

  • Montgomery County Human Resource Board
  • Montgomery County Citizens for Health Improvement Project

Education[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Private schools[edit]

Politics[edit]

Local[edit]

The Republican Party predominantly controls politics at the local level in Montgomery County. Republicans hold all but one of the elected positions in the county.

Montgomery County, Missouri
Elected countywide officials
Assessor Jerome P. Overkamp Republican
Circuit Clerk Robyn R. Schmidt Republican
County Clerk Pamela A. Cartee Republican
Collector Anita L. Sullivan Republican
Commissioner
(Presiding)
Ryan D. Poston Republican
Commissioner
(District 1)
Rich Daniels Republican
Commissioner
(District 2)
John W. Noltensmeyer Republican
Coroner David Colbert Republican
Public Administrator Ann Scarlet Democratic
Recorder Sheila See Republican
Sheriff Bob Davis Republican
Surveyor Larry P. Bade Republican
Treasurer Donna Huenefeld Republican

State[edit]

Past gubernatorial elections results
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2008 55.34% 3,215 42.91% 2,493 1.76% 102
2004 60.60% 3,480 38.06% 2,186 1.34% 77
2000 54.14% 2,857 41.65% 2,198 4.20% 222
1996 42.23% 2,218 55.62% 2,921 2.15% 113

Montgomery County is divided into two legislative districts in the Missouri House of Representatives, both of which are held by Republicans.

Missouri House of Representatives - District 10 - Montgomery County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican John D. Houghton 364 67.28
Democratic Linda Witte 168 31.05
Constitution Josh Allum 9 1.66
  • District 99 – Bart Korman (R-High Hill). Consists of most of the entire county and includes all of the communities of Bellflower, High Hill, Jonesburg, McKittrick, Middletown, Montgomery City, New Florence, and Rhineland.
Missouri House of Representatives - District 99 - Montgomery County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Bart Korman 3,352 100.00

All of Montgomery County is a part of Missouri’s 16th District in the Missouri Senate and is currently represented by Dan W. Brown (R-Rolla. Brown defeated Democratic incumbent State Senator Frank A. Barnitz in 2010.

Missouri Senate - District 16 - Montgomery County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Dan W. Brown 2,376 54.04
Democratic Frank A. Barnitz 2,024 45.96

Federal[edit]

All of Montgomery County is included in Missouri's 9th congressional district and is represented by Blaine Luetkemeyer (R-St. Elizabeth) in the U.S. House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives – Missouri’s 9th Congressional District - Montgomery County (2010)
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Blaine Luetkemeyer 3,449 81.48
Libertarian Christopher W. Dwyer 782 19.52

Political culture[edit]

Past presidential elections results
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2008 58.54% 3,428 40.08% 2,347 1.38% 81
2004 61.86% 3,563 37.27% 2,147 0.87% 50
2000 58.57% 3,106 39.45% 2,092 1.98% 105
1996 40.65% 2,124 43.58% 2,277 15.77% 824
Montgomery County, Missouri
2008 Republican primary in Missouri
John McCain 554 (39.74%)
Mike Huckabee 439 (31.49%)
Mitt Romney 313 (22.45%)
Ron Paul 65 (4.66%)
Montgomery County, Missouri
2008 Democratic primary in Missouri
Hillary Rodham Clinton 859 (57.38%)
Barack Obama 593 (39.61%)
John Edwards (withdrawn) 36 (2.40%)

Communities[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 10, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  5. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  6. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  7. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 16, 2014. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°56′N 91°28′W / 38.94°N 91.47°W / 38.94; -91.47