Montgomery County, New York

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Montgomery County, New York
Seal of Montgomery County, New York
Map of New York highlighting Montgomery County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the United States highlighting New York
New York's location in the U.S.
Founded March 12, 1772
Named for Richard Montgomery
Seat Fonda
Largest city Amsterdam
 • Total 410 sq mi (1,062 km2)
 • Land 405 sq mi (1,049 km2)
 • Water 6 sq mi (16 km2), 1.34%
 • (2010) 50,219
 • Density 124/sq mi (47.8/km²)
Congressional districts 19th, 20th
Time zone Eastern: UTC-5/-4

Montgomery County is a county located in the U.S. state of New York bordering the north and south banks of the Mohawk River. As of the 2010 census, the population was 50,219.[1] The county seat is Fonda.[2] The county was named in honor of Richard Montgomery, an American Revolutionary War general killed in 1775 at the Battle of Quebec.


In 1784, following end of the American Revolutionary War, the name of Tryon County was changed to Montgomery County. This change was to honor the general, Richard Montgomery, who had captured several places in Canada and died attempting to capture the city of Quebec during the French and Indian War (or Seven Years' War). It replaced the name formerly honoring a British governor of New York.

In 1789, Ontario County was split off from Montgomery. The area split off from Montgomery County was much larger than the present county, as it also included the present Allegany, Cattaraugus, Chautauqua, Erie, Genesee, Livingston, Monroe, Niagara, Orleans, Steuben, Wyoming, Yates, and part of Schuyler and Wayne counties.

In 1791, Herkimer, Otsego, and Tioga counties were split off from Montgomery.

In 1802, portions of Clinton, Herkimer, and Montgomery counties were combined to form St. Lawrence County.

In 1816, Hamilton County was split off from Montgomery.

In 1838, Fulton County was split off from Montgomery.

In 2012, Montgomery County voters approved a charter, making it the 21st county in New York to do so. In 2013, Matthew L. Ossenfort was elected the first County Executive in the county's history. Ossenfort took office in 2014, the same year the charter went into effect. Under the terms of the charter, the Board of Supervisors was replaced by a nine-member County Legislature, with members elected from single-member districts. Thomas L. Quackenbush was elected the first Chairman of the new Legislature.

Congressional districts[edit]


Montgomery County is located in the central part of the state, west of the city of Schenectady and northwest of Albany.

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 410 square miles (1,100 km2), of which 405 square miles (1,050 km2) is land and 6 square miles (16 km2) (1.34%) is water.[3]

Adjacent counties[edit]

The Erie Canal runs through Montgomery County parallel to the Mohawk River and went west through the state to the Wood River. It connected Great Lakes shipping with the Hudson River. Several towns and villages grew up along the canal, as it carried much trade and passenger traffic during its peak years. After the railroad was built through the state, along the same river plain, it superseded the canal, which was filled in some areas. In the mid-twentieth century, the NYS Thruway was constructed parallel to the former east-west routes of the canal and railroad.

Today the Erie Canal and its lock system is used primarily for recreational boat use among locals and tourists. At the time of the canal's construction, Montgomery County was the only place where there was a break in the Appalachian Mountains. Called 'The Noses,' because of canal construction, it became known as "the gateway to the West".


Historical population
Census Pop.
1790 28,848
1800 22,051 −23.6%
1810 41,214 86.9%
1820 37,569 −8.8%
1830 43,715 16.4%
1840 35,818 −18.1%
1850 31,992 −10.7%
1860 30,866 −3.5%
1870 34,457 11.6%
1880 38,315 11.2%
1890 45,699 19.3%
1900 47,488 3.9%
1910 57,567 21.2%
1920 57,928 0.6%
1930 60,076 3.7%
1940 59,142 −1.6%
1950 59,594 0.8%
1960 57,240 −4.0%
1970 55,883 −2.4%
1980 53,439 −4.4%
1990 51,981 −2.7%
2000 49,708 −4.4%
2010 50,219 1.0%
Est. 2012 49,941 −0.6%
U.S. Decennial Census[4]
2012 Estimate[1]
Montgomery County population distribution by age and sex (2000 census)

As of the census[5] of 2010, there were 50,208 people, 20,073 households, and 13,131 families residing in the county. The population density was 123 people per square mile (47/km²). There were 22,522 housing units at an average density of 56 per square mile (21/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 92.87% (83.8% Non-Hispanic) (9.07 White Hispanic) White, 1.15% African American, 0.25% Native American, 0.53% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 3.92% from other races, and 1.27% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 12.91% of the population. 19.0% were of Italian, 15.9% German, 13.5% Polish, 9.8% Puerto RIcan 9.1% Irish, 7.9% American and 6.4% English ancestry according to Census 2010. 86.8% spoke English, 9.3% Spanish,1.8% Italian and 1.1% Polish as their first language.

There were 20,038 households out of which 29.40% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.00% were married couples living together, 11.60% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.60% were non-families. 29.50% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.90% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.42 and the average family size was 2.98.

In the county the population was spread out with 24.50% under the age of 18, 7.20% from 18 to 24, 26.30% from 25 to 44, 22.90% from 45 to 64, and 19.20% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 91.40 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 87.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $33,128, and the median income for a family was $40,688. Males had a median income of $31,818 versus $23,359 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,005. About 9.00% of families and 13.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.80% of those under age 18 and 9.89% of those age 65 or over.

Politics and government[edit]

Montgomery County lies in New York's 21st Congressional District and is represented in Congress by Paul Tonko, a lifelong resident of Amsterdam. While Democrats have been elected to local office, Republican candidates have a +5 margin in Presidential elections.


Labels in parentheses are official designations.

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved October 12, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Retrieved October 12, 2013. 
  5. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 42°55′N 74°26′W / 42.91°N 74.44°W / 42.91; -74.44