Montgomery County, Tennessee

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Montgomery County, Tennessee
ClarksvilleCourt2.jpg
Montgomery County Courthouse in Clarksville
Seal of Montgomery County, Tennessee
Seal
Map of Tennessee highlighting Montgomery County
Location in the state of Tennessee
Map of the United States highlighting Tennessee
Tennessee's location in the U.S.
Founded 1796
Named for John Montgomery[1]
Seat Clarksville
Largest city Clarksville
Area
 • Total 544 sq mi (1,409 km2)
 • Land 539 sq mi (1,396 km2)
 • Water 4.7 sq mi (12 km2), 0.9%
Population
 • (2010) 172,331
 • Density 320/sq mi (124/km²)
Time zone Central: UTC-6/-5
Website mcgtn.org

Montgomery County is a county located in the U.S. state of Tennessee. As of the 2010 census, the population was 172,331.[2] The county seat is Clarksville.[3] The county was created in 1836.[1][4][5]

Montgomery County is included in the Clarksville, TN–KY Metropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

The county was named for John Montgomery, a soldier in the American Revolution and an early settler who founded the city of Clarksville. It was formed when Tennessee County, North Carolina, was split in 1796, when Tennessee became a state, to reduce confusion. The same year, much of the eastern portion of the county was combined with land taken from Sumner County to form Robertson County. Later acts of the Tennessee General Assembly further reduced the county to its current size and boundaries by 1871.[5]

Montgomery County was the site of several early saltpeter mines. Saltpeter is the main ingredient of gunpowder and was obtained by leaching the earth from several local caves. Bellamy Cave, located near Stringtown, still contains the remains of two dozen saltpeter leaching vats and apparently was a large operation. Cooper Creek Cave also shows evidence of extensive mining and contains the remains of "many saltpeter hoppers". Both were probably mined during the War of 1812. Dunbar Cave is reported to have been mined for saltpeter during the Mexican War, but commercial development has destroyed any evidence of this. Little mining is likely to have happened here during the Civil War, since the Union Army captured this part of Tennessee in early 1862.[6]

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 544 square miles (1,410 km2), of which 539 square miles (1,400 km2) is land and 4.7 square miles (12 km2) (0.9%) is water.[7]

Dunbar Cave[edit]

Montgomery County lies in a region of well-developed karst topography and has a cave system named Dunbar Cave. Dunbar Cave is the centerpiece of Dunbar Cave State Park, which encompasses approximately 110 acres and is one of the most visited units in the Tennessee State Park System.

Dunbar Cave was explored by prehistoric Indians. Remains of their cane torches have been found in the cave and archaeologists have excavated numerous artifacts inside the entrance.[8] During a research trip into the cave on January 15, 2005, Park Ranger Amy Wallace, History Professor Joe Douglas, local historian Billyfrank Morrison, and Geologist Larry E. Matthews, discovered Indian Glyphs on the walls of the cave. Subsequent investigations by archaeologists from the University of Tennessee at Knoxville confirmed that these drawings were left by Mississippian-era Indians.[9] These Indian Glyphs were featured on the tour of the cave. However, in 2009 the cave was closed due to the presence of White Nose Syndrome detected in one single bat. The above ground portion of the Park is still open to the public.

Adjacent counties[edit]

State protected areas[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1800 2,899
1810 8,021 176.7%
1820 12,219 52.3%
1830 14,349 17.4%
1840 16,927 18.0%
1850 21,045 24.3%
1860 20,895 −0.7%
1870 24,747 18.4%
1880 28,481 15.1%
1890 29,697 4.3%
1900 36,017 21.3%
1910 33,672 −6.5%
1920 32,265 −4.2%
1930 30,882 −4.3%
1940 33,346 8.0%
1950 44,186 32.5%
1960 55,645 25.9%
1970 62,721 12.7%
1980 83,342 32.9%
1990 100,498 20.6%
2000 134,768 34.1%
2010 172,331 27.9%
Est. 2014 189,961 10.2%
U.S. Decennial Census[10]
1790-1960[11] 1900-1990[12]
1990-2000[13] 2010-2014[2]
Age pyramid Montgomery County[14]

As of the census[15] of 2000, there were 134,768 people, 48,330 households, and 35,957 families residing in the county. The population density was 250 people per square mile (96/km²). There were 52,167 housing units at an average density of 97 per square mile (37/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 73.17% White, 19.18% Black or African American, 0.53% Native American, 1.82% Asian, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 2.18% from other races, and 2.91% from two or more races. 5.16% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.

There were 48,330 households out of which 40.70% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.70% were married couples living together, 12.20% had a female householder with no husband present, and 25.60% were non-families. 20.20% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.50% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.11.

In the county, the population was spread out with 28.40% under the age of 18, 12.30% from 18 to 24, 34.30% from 25 to 44, 17.20% from 45 to 64, and 7.80% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 30 years. For every 100 females there were 101.20 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 98.80 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $38,981, and the median income for a family was $43,023. Males had a median income of $30,696 versus $22,581 for females. The per capita income for the county was $17,265. About 7.90% of families and 10.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.70% of those under age 18 and 10.70% of those age 65 or over.

Government[edit]

The County Council has 21 members, each elected from a single-member district. In addition, voters elect a County Mayor at-large and certain other county-level positions, including the sheriff.

Elected officials[edit]

  • County Mayor: Jim Durrett
  • Assessor of Property: Betty M. Burchett
  • Trustee: Brenda E. Radford
  • Sheriff: John Fuson
  • Circuit Court Clerk: Cheryl J. Castle
  • County Clerk: Kellie A. Jackson
  • Register of Deeds: Connie W. Bell
  • Highway Supervisor: Robert M. Frost

Communities[edit]

Clarksville

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Eleanor Williams, "Montgomery County," Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. Retrieved: 11 March 2013.
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved December 6, 2013. 
  3. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  4. ^ "Tennessee: Individual County Chronologies". Tennessee Atlas of Historical County Boundaries. The Newberry Library. 2007. Retrieved April 18, 2015. 
  5. ^ a b "Origins Of Tennessee County Names" (PDF). Tennessee Blue Book. 2005–2006. p. 512. Retrieved April 18, 2015. 
  6. ^ Larry E. Matthews, "Dunbar Cave: The Showplace of the South", 2011, ISBN 978-1-879961-41-8, 240 pages.
  7. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved April 9, 2015. 
  8. ^ Larry E. Matthews, Dunbar Cave, 2005, ISBN 1-879961-22-9.
  9. ^ Jan F. Simek, Joseph C. Douglas, and Amy Wallace, "Ancient Cave Art at Dunbar Cave State Natural Area", Tennessee Conservationist Magazine, September/October 2007, pages 24 – 26.
  10. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 9, 2015. 
  11. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved April 9, 2015. 
  12. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved April 9, 2015. 
  13. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved April 9, 2015. 
  14. ^ Based on 2000 census data
  15. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 36°30′N 87°23′W / 36.50°N 87.38°W / 36.50; -87.38