|Intercommunality||Association of Saône Vosgienne country communes|
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Raynald Magnien|
|• Land1||19.02 km2 (7.34 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||50/km2 (130/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||88310 / 88410|
|Elevation||238–339 m (781–1,112 ft)
(avg. 253 m or 830 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
Inhabitants are called Monthurolais.
Origins and Etymology
The name Monthureux comes from the base Latin word "monasteriolum" meaning 'little monastery'. By the fourteenth century the name had mutated to Monstreuil.
The origins of the little town are uncertain. During the turbulent aftermath of the Gallo-Roman period, the site currently occupied by Monthureux-sur-Saône was probably abandoned to the forest. The name "Monasteriolum" (little monastery) only dates from the end of the ninth century. Subsequent spelling included "Monstreuil", "Montreuil", "Montreux" and "Montureux". The "h" in the spelling of the modern name is believed to result from a clerical error by a transcriber in 1628 who wrote "Montheureux".
The beginnings of Monthureux are frequently thought to involve the Gallo-Roman cemetery and the feudal castle, but the site was actually settled long before the arrival of the Romans. The town was settled in the time of the Lingons who had their capital at Langres, and who controlled the territory in this area all the way to the Upper Saône valley (modern Haute-Saône) and the vast Forest of Darney.
Romans and their successors
The monastery for which the town is named may have dated back to the Carolingian period. The current church positioned on the site of the old monastery was completely rebuilt in the sixteenth century, but some traces of the eleventh-century arches survive on the exterior of the building on its north side. Of the priory itself, just two massive pillars survive, at the foot of an old stone staircase leading to the old cemetery.
- Charles Levy (1805-1872), born at Monthureux-sur-Saône, registered a patent for a nail manufacturing machine that improved the production process. A street at Bains-les-Bains is named after him.
- Charles Godard(1827-1899), born at Monthureux-sur-Saône, was an architect who worked for the diocese of Langres and a prodigious builder of churches in the area.
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