Location in Portugal
|Subregion||Península de Setúbal Subregion|
|• Mayor||Amélia Antunes (PS)|
|• Total||348.0 km2 (134.4 sq mi)|
|• Density||116/km2 (300/sq mi)|
|Municipal holiday||Saint Peter
The municipality is composed of eight civil parishes and is located in Setúbal District. It is one of the few municipalities in Portugal without territorial continuity; that is, its component parts are not conjoined. It is located in the Lisbon metropolitan area.
Montijo was known as Aldeia Galega until July 6, 1930, in spite of the fact that it was a small town and no longer a village. It was elevated to city status on August 14, 1985.
Existing evidence points to occupation of the area since paleolithic times, although it was not until the 16th century that the village was officially established. It was also during the 16th century that the main headquarters of the royal postal service was established in the village. As a result the village saw an increase in activity which provided an economic boost, although the main economy still developed around agriculture and fishing.
In the 18th century, with the introduction of industry and the increased importance of commerce, agriculture and fishing began to lose their prominence as Montijo's main economic activities. This trend intensified throughout the 19th and 20th centuries and Montijo became known for its processing industries, which mainly dealt with pork meat and cork.
Although the train service was discontinued, Montijo maintains a network of public transportation that connects it to other nearby major cities and villages by bus and by a river service connecting it with Lisbon.
- Pegões (Montijo)
- Santo Isidro de Pegões
- Sarilhos Grandes
- "UMA POPULAÇÃO QUE SE URBANIZA, Uma avaliação recente - Cidades, 2004". Nuno Pires Soares. Instituto Geográfico Português (Geographic Institute of Portugal).