Montour County, Pennsylvania
|Montour County, Pennsylvania|
Montour County Courthouse in Danville
Location in the state of Pennsylvania
Pennsylvania's location in the U.S.
|Founded||May 3, 1850|
|Named for||Andrew Montour|
|• Total||132 sq mi (342 km2)|
|• Land||131 sq mi (339 km2)|
|• Water||2 sq mi (5 km2), 1.17%|
|• Density||139/sq mi (53.8/km²)|
|Time zone||Eastern: UTC-5/-4|
Montour County is located in the U.S. state of Pennsylvania. As of the 2010 census, the population was 18,267. Its county seat is Danville. Montour County is named for Andrew Montour, a prominent métis interpreter who served with George Washington during the French and Indian War. It encompasses 132 sq mi, making it the smallest county by land area in the state.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 132 square miles (352 km²), of which 131 square miles (369 km²) is land and 2 square miles (4 km²) (1.17%) is water. It is the smallest county by area in Pennsylvania. A total of 45% of Montour County is wooded. The entire county sits inside the Susquehanna River watershed. The other major streams in Montour County include Chillisquaque Creek and Mahoning Creek.
Montour County is located in the Ridge-and-Valley Province of the Appalachian Mountains. A total of 65% of the soils in the county are well-drained. The Muncy Hills are located in the northern part of the county and Montour Ridge is located in the southern part of the county, not far from the Susquehanna River. Montour Ridge also is home to the highest elevation in the county, 1425 feet above sea level. The lowest elevation is 440 feet above sea level, at the Susquehanna River.
The sedimentary rocks in Montour County are from either the Devonian Period or the Silurian Period. The Devonian Period rocks are more common than Silurian Period rocks, making up two thirds of the county. These rocks are prevalent in the Muncy Hills and the lowlands in the southern portion of the county. The Devonian Period rocks in Montour County include the Catskill Formation, the Marcellus Shale, the Helderburg Formation, the Mahantango Formation, the Oriskany Formation, the Marine Beds, and the Onondaga Formation. The other one third of the rocks in Montour County are from the Silurian Period. Rocks from this period are prevalent on Montour Ridge and the adjacent valley and the hills to the northwest of Washingtonville. These areas consist of the Wills Creek formation, the Tonoloway Formation, the Bloomsburg Formation, the Tuscarora Formation, the Clinton Group, and the McKenzie Formation.
There are three major anticlines and synclines in Montour County. These are the White Deer Anticline, the Lackawanna Syncline, and the Milton Anticline. These are located in the northern, central, and Montour Ridge areas of the county, respectively. These features are situated i a northeast-southwest alignment. They were formed by regional compression and uplift approximately 200 million years ago, during the Permian Period. During the Pleistocene Period, the Illinoian glacial advance reached Montour County, although the Wisconsin glacial advance stopped slightly short of it. There are alluvial deposits in many of the river valleys in the county, especially there two streams or rivers meet. These deposits were formed fairly recently, geologically speaking.
The water supply for Montour County comes primarily from the Susquehanna River, as well as wells and springs. The rural areas especially depend on wells for their water supply, but Danville mostly uses the Susquehanna River. Wells drilled into Silurian rock have a tendency to be highly hard and prone to developing sinkholes. However, the Keyser, Wills Creek, and Tonoloway Formations are considerably better at producing water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 18,236 people, 7,085 households, and 4,817 families residing in the county. The population density was 140 people per square mile (54/km²). There were 7,627 housing units at an average density of 58 per square mile (23/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 96.67% White, 1.01% Black or African American, 0.07% Native American, 1.28% Asian, 0.38% from other races, and 0.59% from two or more races. 0.92% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 33.2% were of German, 13.2% American, 8.1% Irish, 6.6% English, 5.7% Italian and 5.6% Polish ancestry according to the 2000 census.
There were 7,085 households out of which 30.00% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.30% were married couples living together, 8.90% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.00% were non-families. 28.00% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.00% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 2.98.
In the county, the population was spread out with 24.40% under the age of 18, 6.40% from 18 to 24, 28.20% from 25 to 44, 24.00% from 45 to 64, and 17.10% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 90.50 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.00 males.
Danville Area Head Start
Public school districts
- Danville Area School District (also in Northumberland County)
- Warrior Run School District (also in Northumberland and Union Counties)
As reported by the Pennsylvania Department of Education - EdNA. February 2014
- Alternative Education Program - Danville
- Breezy Meadow - Danville 
- Chillisquaque Valley Parochial School - Bloomsburg
- County Line Parochial School - Danville
- Creek Side School - Turbotville
- Danville Child Development Center - Danville
- Danville Mennonite School - Danville
- Delong Alternative Educ Program - Washingtonville
- Limestone Mennonite Parochial School - Milton
- Ridgeview Amish School - Watsontown
- St Cyril Kindergarten - Danville
- St Joseph School - Danville
- The Learning Tree Child Care Center, LLC - Danville
CSIU16 School Directory 2014 
- Thomas Beaver Free Library - Danville 
Economy and industries
- Census-designated places are geographical areas designated by the U.S. Census Bureau for the purposes of compiling demographic data. They are not actual jurisdictions under Pennsylvania law. Other unincorporated communities, such as villages, may be listed here as well
- "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
- "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011-06-07.
- Donehoo, Dr. George P. (1999) . A History of the Indian Villages and Place Names in Pennsylvania (PDF) (Second Reprint Edition ed.). Lewisburg, Pennsylvania: Wennawoods Publishing. p. 290. ISBN 1-889037-11-7. Retrieved 2007-03-07. "ISBN refers to a 1999 reprint edition, URL is for the Susquehanna River Basin Commission's web page of Native American Place names, quoting and citing the book. Some older sources say the county was named for Madame Montour, Andrew's mother."
- "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
- Joseph J. Eckenrode, Soil Survey of Montour County, Pennsylvania, retrieved 2013
- "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved November 20, 2013.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
- Danville Area School District Administration (2014). "Danville Head Start web site".
- Pennsylvania Department of Education (February 6, 2014). "PDE Education Names and addresses".
- "CSIU16 School Directory 2014". Jan 20, 2014.