Montréal–Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport
|This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2013)|
|Montréal–Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport
Aéroport international Pierre-Elliott-Trudeau de Montréal
|IATA: YUL – ICAO: CYUL
– WMO: 71627
|Operator||Aéroports de Montréal|
|Location||Dorval and Montreal,
|Hub for||Air Canada|
|Time zone||EST (UTC−05:00)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC−04:00)|
|Elevation AMSL||118 ft / 36 m|
|Number of Passengers||13,809,820|
|Total cargo (metric tonnes)||92,040|
|Sources: Canada Flight Supplement and Transport Canada
Passenger statistics from Aéroports de Montréal
Movements and Cargo from ACI
Montréal–Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport (IATA: YUL, ICAO: CYUL) (French: Aéroport international Pierre-Elliott-Trudeau de Montréal) or Montréal–Trudeau, formerly known as Montréal–Dorval International Airport, is a Canadian airport located on the Island of Montreal, 20 km (12 mi) from Montreal's downtown core. The airport terminals are located entirely in Dorval, while the Air Canada headquarters complex and one runway is located in Saint-Laurent, Montreal. It is an international airport serving Greater Montreal, along with the regions of northern Vermont and New York. The airport is named in honour of Pierre Elliott Trudeau, the 15th Prime Minister of Canada.
The airport is one of two managed and operated by Aéroports de Montréal (ADM), a not-for-profit corporation without share capital; the other airport is Montréal–Mirabel northwest of Montreal, which was initially intended to replace the one in Dorval but now deals almost solely with cargo. Montréal–Trudeau is owned by Transport Canada, which has a 60-year lease with Aéroports de Montréal, as per Canada's National Airport Policy of 1994.
Trudeau is the busiest airport in the province of Quebec, the third busiest airport in Canada by passenger traffic and fourth busiest by aircraft movements, with 13,809,820 passengers and 230,619 movements in 2012. It is one of eight Canadian airports with United States border preclearance and is one of the main gateways into Canada with 8,436,165 or 61.7% of its passengers being on non-domestic flights, the highest proportion amongst Canada's airports during 2011. It is one of four Air Canada hubs, and, in that capacity, serves mainly Quebec, the Atlantic Provinces and Eastern Ontario. The air route between YUL and Toronto Pearson International Airport is currently the 14th busiest air route in the world, in terms of flights per week, while the air route between YUL and Paris-Charles de Gaulle is the 7th busiest in terms of passengers carried (1.1 million) between Europe and a non-European destination. On an average day, nearly 40,000 passengers transit through Montréal-Trudeau.
Airlines servicing Trudeau offer non-stop flights to five continents, namely Africa, Asia, Europe, North America and South America. It is one of only two airports in Canada with direct flights to 5 continents or more, the other being Toronto Pearson International Airport. Trudeau airport is headquarters and large hub for Air Canada, the country's largest airline. It is also an operating base for Air Inuit, Air Transat, CanJet and Sunwing Airlines. It also plays a role in general aviation as home to the headquarters of Innotech-Execair, Starlink, ACASS and Maintenance Repair & Overhaul (MRO) facilities of Air Transat and Air Inuit. Transport Canada operates a Civil Aviation Maintenance, Repair and Overhaul facility on site, with a fleet of Government owned and operated civil aircraft. Bombardier Aerospace has an assembly facility on site to build regional jets and Challenger business jets.
- 1 History
- 2 Current public transport
- 3 Expansion
- 4 Terminals
- 5 Airlines and destinations
- 6 Incidents and accidents
- 7 References
- 8 External links
The birth of Dorval Airport was in the 1940s. It was becoming clear that the Saint-Hubert Airport (Montreal's first official airport, in operation since 1927) could no longer meet the city's aviation needs. The Minister of Transport purchased land at the Dorval Race Track, the best location for the new airport with good weather and few foggy days. Montréal–Dorval International Airport opened on September 1, 1941, as RCAF Station Lachine with three paved runways. By 1946 the airport was hosting more than a quarter of a million passengers a year, growing to more than a million in the mid-1950s. During World War II thousands of Allied aircraft passed through Dorval on the way to England. At one time Dorval was the major transatlantic hub for commercial aviation and the busiest airport in Canada with airlines such as British Overseas Airways Corporation (B.O.A.C).
Airport diagram for 1954
In November 1960, the airport was renamed Montreal–Dorval International Airport/Aéroport international Dorval de Montréal. On December 15 of that year, the Minister of Transport inaugurated a new $30 million terminal. The structure was built by Illsley, Templeton, Archibald, and Larose and Larose. It was the largest terminal in Canada and one of the biggest in the world. Montréal–Dorval International Airport was the gateway to Canada for all European air traffic, serving more than two million passengers a year. Eight years later, Montréal–Dorval International Airport underwent a major expansion program. The Government of Canada predicted that Dorval would be completely saturated by 1985, and also projected that 20 million passengers would be passing through Montreal's airports annually. They decided to construct a new airport in Sainte-Scholastique (Montréal–Mirabel International Airport). As the first phase in the transition that would eventually see Dorval closed, international flights were to be transferred to the new airport in 1975.
The opening and closing of Mirabel Airport
On November 29, 1975, Montréal–Mirabel International Airport went into service. With an operations zone of 70 km2 (27 sq mi) and a buffer zone of 290 km2 (110 sq mi), it became the largest airport in the world. Many connecting flights to Canadian centres were transferred to Montréal–Mirabel and 23 international airlines moved their overseas activities there. As a consequence, the mission of Montréal–Dorval was redefined to encompass domestic flights and flights to the United States. Mirabel's traffic decreased due to the advent in the 1980s of longer-range jets that did not need to refuel in Montreal before crossing the Atlantic Ocean. Montreal's economic decline in the late 1970s and 1980s had a significant effect on the airport's traffic, as international flights shifted away from Dorval to Toronto Pearson, which serves the larger urban centre of Toronto. The Trudeau government had developed Mirabel Airport to handle an expected growth in international traffic, and, eventually, to replace Dorval. That extra traffic never materialized, and due to its closer proximity to downtown Montreal, all scheduled air services have now returned to Dorval/Trudeau, while Mirabel ceased passenger operations in 2004. In May 2007, it was reported that the International Centre of Advanced Racing had signed a 25-year lease with Aéroports de Montréal to use part of the airport as a race track. At the same time fixed base operator, Hélibellule, opened a facility at the site to cater for the private jets that were expected. The company also provides a passenger service from Mirabel to destinations in Canada and the United States. They operate two different types of helicopters; the Bell 222 and the Aérospatiale Gazelle.
Back to Montréal–Dorval, renaissance
With all international scheduled flights going back to Montréal–Dorval in 1997, as well as charter flights in 2004, Montréal–Dorval International Airport was finally able to become a true hub, where passengers would not have to travel to different airports depending on the type of flight. The consolidation of flights to Montréal–Dorval resulted in an increase of passenger traffic, not only because of transfer of flights, but because of new connecting opportunities. In 2012, the airport handled 13,798,821 passengers, a new record.
A "domestic" flight is a flight within Canada. A "transborder" flight is between Montreal and a destination in the United States. An "international" flight is between Montreal and a destination that is not within the United States or Canada.
|Year||Total Passengers||% change||Domestic||% change||International||% change||Transborder||% change|
|2013 (YTD, Jan to Sept)||10,915,927||+1.9%||4,108,605||+1.2%||4,228,789||+1.2%||2,578,533||+4.4%|
*^A Statistics prior to 2004 are from Transport Canada. From 2004 on statistics are from ADM. Transport Canada's statistics are consistently lower than those of ADM. For example TC passenger numbers for 2004 are 9,369,584.
Operation Yellow Ribbon
On September 11, 2001, Dorval Airport participated in Operation Yellow Ribbon, taking in 7 diverted flights that had been bound for the closed airspace over the United States, even though pilots were asked to avoid the airport as a security measure. Mirabel International Airport also took in 10 other diverted flights totaling 17 diverted flight in the Montreal area bound for American cities.
As part of Operation Hestia, Canada's military response to the 2010 Haiti earthquake, the airport was the official gateway for repatriation flights from Haiti. As of January 24, 2010, 2,327 individuals have been evacuated, mostly on Canadian military CC-177 Globemaster III and CC-130 Hercules aircraft.
Starting as Dorval Airport, then Montréal–Dorval International Airport, the airport was renamed on January 1, 2004 by the federal government to Montréal–Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport in honour of former Canadian Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. The renaming had been announced in September 2003 by then Minister of Transport David Collenette. This move provoked some opposition, especially Quebec sovereigntists opposed to some of the policies of the former prime minister, as well as opposition from many aviation historians and enthusiasts who recalled Trudeau's role as an opponent of the airport, planning to close it in favour of Mirabel Airport. Many Montrealers still refer to Trudeau airport as "Dorval," or "Dorval Airport."
Current public transport
The Société de transport de Montréal (STM) presently has four regular bus routes serving Trudeau International Airport, including route "204 Cardinal" seven days a week, route "209 Sources" Monday to Friday, and route "356 Lachine /Montreal–Trudeau /Des Sources" and 378 Sauvé /Côte-Vertu /Montreal–Trudeau night buses. Three of the four routes can take passengers to and from the Dorval bus terminus and train station, within walking distance of the VIA's Dorval station. A shuttle bus runs between the airport and VIA's Dorval station.
On March 29, 2010, the STM introduced the 747 Montreal-Trudeau/Downtown route. Operating 7 days a week, 24 hours a day, and 365 days a year, this route connects the airport to eight downtown stops, including transfer stops at Lionel-Groulx metro station, Central Station, and Berri-UQAM metro station. The service runs every 10–12 minutes from 8:30 a.m. to 8 p.m, every 30 minutes from 5:30 a.m. to 8:30 a.m. and from 8 p.m. to 1 a.m., and every hour from 2 a.m. to 5 a.m. Regular bus fare is not accepted; the minimum tariff is a day pass, with all other STM pass-type fares (3-day, weekly and monthly) also accepted.
Prior to the introduction of this public transportation service, Groupe La Québécoise operated a coach service known as L'Aerobus between the airport and Central Station, connecting with several hotels downtown.
Société de transport de Montréal
|Société de transport de Montréal|
|204 Cardinal||Westbound to Terminus Fairview Pointe-Claire with stops at Pine Beach and Valois Train Stations, Eastbound to Dorval
Vaudreuil-Hudson Commuter Rail Line
|209 Des Sources||Northbound to Dorval Train Station Vaudreuil-Hudson Commuter Rail Line
and Roxboro-Pierrefonds Train Station Deux-Montagnes Commuter Rail Line
|Monday to Friday
|747 Montreal-Trudeau/Downtown||Eastbound to the Montreal Bus Station in Downtown Montreal with stops at Lionel-Groulx Station, Central Train Station and Berri-UQAM Metro Station||24 Hours
|356 Lachine /Montreal-Trudeau /Des Sources||Westbound to Sunnybrooke Train Station with a stop at Dorval Train station and Eastbound to Downtown Montreal with stops at Atwater Metro Station and Frontenac Metro Station.
Approximately 1:00 a.m.–5:00 a.m. daily
|378 Sauvé /Côte-Vertu /Montreal-Trudeau||Eastbound to Saint-Laurent with stops at Côte-Vertu Metro Station, Montpellier Train Station and Sauvé Metro Station.||Overnight
Approximately 1:00 a.m.–5:00 a.m. daily
Terminal expansion (2000–2005)
Montréal–Trudeau underwent a major expansion and modernization designed to increase the terminal's capacity and substantially enhance the level of passenger service. In February 2000, with a budget of C$716 million, ADM announced plans for an extensive expansion plan that would bring Montréal–Trudeau up to standard with other North American airports its size. The airport terminal had for the most part remained the same, with the exception of minor renovations, since its opening in the 1960s. With increased passenger volume resulting from the transfer of international scheduled passengers from Mirabel Airport in 1997, as well as Air Canada's intentions to make Montréal–Trudeau its Eastern Canada hub, there was a strong need to greatly expand the terminal, whose capacity of roughly 7 million passengers per year had been exceeded.
The expansion program included the construction of several brand-new facilities, including a jetty for flights to the United States (US Preclearance Terminal), another for other international destinations (International Terminal), and a huge international arrivals complex. A 18-gate Transborder Concourse, an 11-gate International Concourse, new customs hall and baggage claim area for non-domestic flights, and an expanded parking garage, were built between 2000 and 2005. Additionally, sections of the domestic area were renovated and expanded, accompanied with additional retail space. The International part of the Aeroquay satellite was demolished, leaving the domestic part for regional carriers. The completion of the CAD$716 million expansion gives Montréal–Trudeau the ability to serve 15 million passengers a year. This ironically accomplished one of the goals that was to be met with the construction of Mirabel. (In the 1970s, the federal government projected that 20 million passengers would be passing through Montreal's airports annually by 1985, with 17 million through Mirabel). Aéroports de Montréal financed all of these improvements itself, with no government grants. By the end of 2007, $1.5 billion had been spent to upgrade Montréal–Trudeau.
New hotel, transborder terminal expansion and modernization (2006–2009)
On June 15, 2006, construction began on a new four-star Marriott hotel at the airport, above the transborder terminal. Originally scheduled to be completed by September 2008, the 279 first-class room hotel opened its doors on 19 August 2009. Construction was slowed down because of the recession and a collapse in the Transborder market. It contain an underground train station that will eventually connect the airport with downtown Montreal as well as ADM's corporate headquarters.
On the same day, Montreal–Trudeau airport opened the doors to the refurbished, expanded, modernized and user-friendly transborder terminal, meeting the industry's highest standards. This increased the total area of the terminal from 9,320 to 18,122 m2 (100,320 to 195,060 sq ft). Furthermore, the terminal is equipped with a new baggage sorting room which allows U.S. customs officers to retrieve luggage for secondary inspection.
International terminal expansion (2011–2016)
In July 2011, Mr. James Cherry, the CEO of Aéroports de Montreal, announced that they're planning a two-phase expansion of Montréal–Trudeau’s international terminal. Upon completion, this expansion project will add a total of six new gates for wide-body jets, including two for A-380s. In other words, the international terminal will be expanded to 17 contact gates compared to 11 currently. Furthermore, 2 remote stands will also be added. The total cost of the project is expected to be between CAD500 million and CAD600 million.
On December 20, 2012, phase I of this project, which is the opening of a new boarding lounge and gate at the far end of the international terminal, will be officially completed at a cost of CAD270 million. The expansion of the international jetty - Phase II - will start in 2014 and is scheduled to be completed in September 2016.
|This section is outdated. (January 2013)|
Starting in 2006, ADM began the next process of land access to upgrade road traffic to the airport, a new parking garage, and the improvement of the domestic terminal. On 30 November 2006, ADM announced plans to relocate numerous hangars at the western part of the airport in order to expand the Transborder and International terminals.
As of May 2011, photographs, films and animated works from the National Film Board of Canada, which is headquartered in Montreal, are on display as part of the airport's Montreal Identity/L'Aerogalerie program.
Aéroports de Montréal, the City of Montreal, Transports Québec and Transport Canada are planning to improve the Dorval interchange and build direct road links between the airport and highways 20 and 520. Once the certificate of authorization was obtained, work began in June 2009 with a potential end date of 2017. The project will entail redesigning the roads network within the airport site.
Rail shuttle to downtown Montreal
Aéroports de Montréal is planning to introduce an express rail shuttle service, called the Aérotrain, to accelerate access to the airport from the downtown core. This 20 km (12 mi) long shuttle, with departures every 20 minutes from both sides, would make the trip in under 20 minutes. To this end, Transports Canada, ADM, Via Rail, and the Agence métropolitaine de transport (Metropolitan Transit Agency) have jointly developed a wide-ranging proposal that includes the enhancement of commuter train and inter-city train service between Downtown Montreal and the West Island of Montreal. On June 17, 2010, Central Station was chosen as the final destination for the rail link, with construction expected to be start between 2015 and 2020. The shuttle is to be operated by a new for-profit company under the wing on Aéroports de Montréal. Tickets are estimated to cost between CA$ 12 and 15 and cannot be used to transfer to other public transit.
The Quebec provincial budget of 2010 set aside $200 million for this project. However, as this project will likely cost over $1 billion, there remains a vast financial gap to fill.
The last round of construction improved Montréal–Trudeau so that it is prepared to handle the new Airbus A380. An Airbus-marked aircraft (MSN007) took off from Paris-Charles de Gaulle Airport and landed at Montréal–Trudeau on 12 November 2007 with some 500 guests aboard. It left Montreal on 13 November to go to Orlando International Airport in Florida (United States). It returned to Montreal on 15 November, continuing to Paris on the same day, and then back to its Toulouse base.
As part of the 60th anniversary of Air France in Canada celebrations, Air France sent their Airbus 380 to Montreal–Trudeau on their AF346/347 scheduled flight on October 7, 2010, as a one-day special flight. It was also the first A380 of Air France to land in Canada.
Air France became the first operator of the type in Montreal on April 22, 2011, when they officially launched their daily A380 service from Paris. They were using gate 55, which is equipped with two air bridges to load and unload passengers on both decks of the A380 simultaneously.
Service by the A380 during summer 2012 was reduced to 4 weekly flights, and was canceled in October 2012.
The airport is divided into three concourses, with each one being used for passenger traffic heading to certain areas. The domestic terminal, which is accessible by the check-point A, holds 26 gates: 1–12, 15, 17, 19, 21, 23, 25, 27–30, 32, 34, 47–49.
The International terminal, which is also accessible by the check-point A, is dedicated to flights with destinations outside of Canada and the United States. In 2011, the airport handled 5.2 million passengers on international flights, making it the 2nd busiest airport in Canada in terms of international passenger traffic. The International terminal holds 12 gates: 50–53, 55–62. Gate 53 and 62 are used by Passenger Transfer Vehicles.
Finally there's a concourse dedicated to all U.S. bound flights. This one is accessible by the check-point C and it holds 18 gates: 72–89.
There are several airport lounges at Trudeau Airport. Air Canada has three Maple Leaf Lounges at Montréal–Trudeau: one in the Domestic jetty, one in the Transborder jetty and one in the International jetty. Air France operates its Air France Lounge in the International jetty, on the mezzanine level, near gate 55. National Bank operates a pay-per-use Red Carpet Lounge, located in the international jetty, near gate 53. National Bank World and World Elite MasterCard cardholders can enjoy free access to the Red Carpet Lounge with a guest by presenting their credit card.
Airlines and destinations
Some 40 airlines offer non-stop services to more than 130 regular and seasonal destinations worldwide.
Scheduled airlines and destinations
Charter airlines and destinations
|SkyLink Express||Hamilton (Ont.)|
|Air Canada Cargo|
Incidents and accidents
- November 29, 1963 : The Trans-Canada Air Lines flight 831 crashed shortly after departure for Toronto, killing all 118 people on board the Douglas DC-8 jet.
- June 2, 1982 : A Douglas DC-9 jet burned in the hangar during a maintenance period in Montreal. No deaths.
- July 23, 1983 : The Air Canada Flight 143, a Boeing 767 flight originating in Montreal made an emergency landing in Gimli, Manitoba after running out of fuel. No one was injured and the incident became known as the Gimli Glider.
- May 13, 2006 : The Federal Aviation Administration refused permission for Biman Bangladesh Airlines flight BG011 en route from Dhaka to New York City to enter U.S. airspace, citing safety concerns over the aged DC-10 aircraft being used on the route. As a result the flight was diverted to Montreal where the passengers were provided with several alternative airline options to complete their journey.
- August 10, 2006 : Air Canada flight 865, an Airbus A330-300, from London to Montreal was among the seven planes allegedly targeted in a massive bomb plot that was being planned in Britain. The flight scheduled for departure from London, at 15:15, was canceled that day. All targeted flights, carrying between 240 and 285 people each, were to be detonated simultaneously as the planes crossed the Atlantic Ocean.
- September 23, 2007 : The Air Canada flight 155 out of Montreal was forced to return because of a problem with the hydraulics of the landing gear. The flight was heading for Calgary. About forty minutes into the flight, the pilots discovered the hydraulics problem and returned to the airport. It made a heavy landing and a hard stop, resulting in the gear catching fire. Emergency crews extinguished the flames and all 121 passengers and five crew members were evacuated from the aircraft without any incident or injury.
- August 26, 2008 : The Air France flight 346, a Boeing 747-400, was making a landing at the airport when it skid off the runway and got stuck in the grass. The flight originated from Paris. All of the 490 passengers on board escaped with no injury.
- November 30, 2010 : An American Airlines flight from Dallas, a Boeing 737, landed and ran off the runway. The flight was carrying about 100 passengers. None of them were seriously injured. The aircraft did not sustain serious damages. The cause is still unknown.
- June 8, 2013 : Swiss flight 087 hit a Passenger Transfer Vehicle (PTV) at 17:10, while taxiing to the runway for take off to Zürich. No one was injured but the airplane was severely damaged at the tip of its right wing. The airplane, a brand new Airbus A330-300, was delivered to the airline only a few months before the incident.
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- See www.STM.info for Montreal's public transit system website to download schedules for the three STM bus routes serving Montréal's Trudeau International Airport, including bus 204 ("Cardinal"), which runs seven days a week, bus 209 ("Sources"), which serves the airport Monday to Friday, and the night buses 356, 378, which run from 1:00 a.m. to 5:00 a.m. Bus #204:, bus #209, and bus #356
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport.|
- Aéroports de Montréal Homepage
- Virtual tour of the airport (video) – Aéroports de Montréal
- Arriving at Montréal–Trudeau airport: from the gate to the exit (video) – Aéroports de Montréal
- Past three hours METARs, SPECI and current TAFs for Montréal-Pierre Elliott Trudeau International Airport from Nav Canada as available.
- 2008 STM system map