Montreal General Hospital
|Montreal General Hospital|
|McGill University Health Centre|
As seen from Côte-des-Neiges Road
|Location||Montreal, Quebec, Canada|
|Care system||RAMQ (Quebec medicare)|
|Affiliated university||McGill University Faculty of Medicine|
|Emergency department||Level I trauma center|
|Speciality||General medicine, Surgery, Trauma, Orthopedics|
|Lists||Hospitals in Canada|
The Montreal General Hospital (MGH) (French: Hôpital Général de Montréal) is a hospital in Montreal, Quebec (Canada) established in the years 1818-1820, was formally established in 1821 and received its Charter in 1823; an early teaching hospital. It is currently part of the McGill University Health Centre and is located on Mount Royal, at the intersection of Pine Avenue and Côte-des-Neiges Road. It has six pavilions: A, B, C, D, E and Livingston (L); plus a research centre in a separate building next to the L pavilion.
The first MGH was built at the corner of Craig Street (today St. Antoine) and St. Lawrence Boulevard and only had 24 beds. Having outgrown this space, it moved to a new 72-bed building on Dorchester Boulevard at St. Dominique Street; today this facility is a long-term care centre. In 1924, the hospital merged with the Western General Hospital (currently the D & E wings of the former Montreal Children's Hospital) building at the corner of Tupper Street and Atwater Avenue. It moved time to its Pine Avrenue location in 1955.
The MGH is part of the McGill University Health Centre (MUHC) network of teaching hospitals associated with McGill University and has been designated by the Quebec Government as one of two Level I trauma centres in Montreal, (the other being the Hôpital du Sacré-Cœur de Montréal).
The MGH has been affiliated with McGill since 1832 and was one of the very first teaching hospitals.
Fund raising to establish an English hospital in Montreal were underway in the years 1818-1820. The growing needs of the English-speaking population led to several charities, among them the Female Benevolent Society of Montreal and the Society for the Relief of Immigrants, to ask for help in building a new hospital.
In 1819 enough money had been received to lease a building on Craig Street to accommodate 24 patients and this small hospital opened on May 1, 1819. By 1820 enough money had been subscribed to purchase property on Dorchester and St Dominique streets. The cornerstone of the new Montreal General Hospital was laid in 1821 and the 72-bed hospital building opened in 1822. The hospital received its first Charter in 1823.
At the same time four Edinburgh-trained physicians Andrew Fernando Holmes, William Robertson, William Caldwell and John Stephenson who were all closely connected to the foundation of the hospital were trying to establish medical teaching in Montreal and founded the Montreal Medical Institution. This was founded in 1823 and they initially organized the Montreal Medical Institution as a teaching unit of the Hospital. In 1829 the Montreal Medical Institution was engrafted on to McGill University as the McGill University Faculty of Medicine (At that time the institution was known as McGill College. It was McGill`s first faculty and Canada`s first faculty of medicine. At this time, Montreal had two existing hospitals: the Grey Nuns' Hopital General and the Hôtel-Dieu de Montréal).
The present location of the MGH is sited for the expansion and development into the MUHC Mountain campus, which will house the cardiac critical care and level one trauma centres. The campus will also be the future site of the Montreal Neurological Hospital upon its relocation from its present site in McGill University.
- Carl Goresky, his theoretical treatment of the transport of substances through intact organs led the basis for the understanding of events within the microvasculature
- Phil Gold, a physician and scientist. In 1968, he co-discovered with Samuel O. Freedman the carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA), which resulted in a blood test used in the diagnosis and management of people with cancer.
- Albert Moll, a psychiatrist who pioneered the day treatment of psychiatric patients.
- Centre hospitalier universitaire de Montréal (CHUM)
- Dawson College shooting
- Jewish General Hospital
- McGill University Health Centre
- McGill University Faculty of Medicine