Montreal bus rapid transit
There was one bus rapid transit route in Montreal, Quebec, Canada in operation. It operated from 1989 to 2002 on Pie-IX Boulevard, and after it ceased operating, became a regular reserved lane rush hour service using regular bus stops as the 505 Reserved Lane Pie-IX. It is projected to return to service in 2013. A second BRT line is planned for Henri Bourassa Boulevard, projected for service in 2018.
Pius IX BRT line
505 R-Bus BRT
The STCUM 505 R-BUS Pie-IX (Express Pie-IX), running along Boulevard Pie-IX (Pope Pius the Ninth), provided supplementary, limited-stop service to the 139 Pie-IX bus route during rush hours. It operated from 1989 to 2002, being the first reserved-lane bus service and first BRT service in Montreal. The system had 10 dedicated stations, and a regular stop and terminus at the Pie-IX metro station.
Prior to 2002, this route used to run against traffic on the part-time dedicated bus lanes on the opposite side of the traffic median. It featured dedicated sheltered BRT stations, a high frequency of service, and priority traffic signals. The use of these bus lanes were suspended indefinitely after a passenger, unaware of the traffic contraflow, was struck by a bus. In the interim, from the suspension of service, until its planned resumption, alternate service occurs on the reserved-lane rush-hour bus 505 Reserved Lane Pie-IX. There were plans to restart the service once safety cones and fences are installed along Pie-IX Boulevard.
List of original 505 BRT stations
The stations were dismantled as of August 2010, to make way for the revised service system.
- Pie-IX Metro
- Jean Talon
- 47e rue
2013 future service
Service is project to be restored by 2013, with two dedicated lanes in the middle of the street and 24-hour service. The service will be transferred from the MUCTC, which operated the BRT line until its suspension in 2002, to the AMT. The rebuilt line was originally projected to cost $150million CDN. The new service will extend into Laval, and is projected to cost $300 million CDN, as of 2010. The portion in Laval will extend 5 kilometres (3.1 mi), and include parking lots. As the portion in Laval will operate on a grade separated expressway (the former trace of Autoroute 25, since moved to a new right-of-way further east) and have dedicated on-ramps and off-ramps. The system will extend from Autoroute 440 in Laval, all the way to Notre-Dame Street near the southern shore of Montreal Island against the Saint Lawrence River.
List of 2013 revised system BRT stations
At the issue of an early planning study made by Genivar/CIMA+ for the AMT,the planned line is to have the following stop.
- Montée Saint-François and 440 highway (Laval) (500 places parking)
- Saint-Martin (Laval) (500 places parking)
- de la Concorde (Laval)
- Fleury / Forest
- 56e Rue / Gare Montréal-Nord — intermodal station with suburban train line Train de l'Est
- 47e Rue
- 39e Rue
- Jean-Talon — intermodal station with projected future Line 5 Blue Montreal Metro station
- Mont Royal
- Métro Pie-IX
- Sainte Catherine
Replacement with LRT
There are ideas to replace the BRT with a true LRT tramline on the street using the shared right-of-way. A Montreal Metro line was also once planned to run underneath Pie-IX Boulevard, but this never came to fruition. At one time, a tram line ran on Pie-IX, prior to the establishment of regular bus service along the thoroughfare.
Henri Bourassa BRT line
There is a planned BRT line along Henri Bourassa Boulevard, running for 5 kilometres (3.1 mi), projected for operation in 2018. It would create two dedicated reserved lanes in the middle of the street, and operate 24 hours a day. The plan is projected to cost $25 million CDN as of 2010.
- Fagstein, Montreal Geography Trivia No. 75, Steve Faguy, April 26, 2010 – 12:00 pm
- CTV Montreal, "Reserved bus lane coming to Pie-IX Boulevard", Thu Dec. 17 2009 7:07:00 PM
- (French) Metro (Montreal), "Disparition des derniers vestiges de la voie réservée sur Pie-IX", Jennifer Guthrie, 03 août 2010 21:49
- (French) Montreal 2025, VOIE RÉSERVÉE SUR PIE-IX - MONTRÉAL LANCE LES TRAVAUX AU CARREFOUR HENRI-BOURASSA / PIE-IX , 11.02.10
- (French) La Presse (Montreal), "Voie réservée sur Pie-IX: 154 millions pour faire rouler les autobus", Bruno Bisson, 23 octobre 2009 à 06h43
- (French) 24H (Montreal), "Le Service rapide par bus du boulevard Pie-IX coûterait 305 M $", QMI, 18/09/2010 10h42
- The Gazette (Montreal), "Reserved bus lanes from Laval to Montreal to cost $305M", René Bruemmer, Monday, September 20, 2010
- McGill University, "Bus Rapid Transit: Montreal's Plan", Julie Bachand & Julie Lafrance, 2010
- STM 505 R-BUS Pie-IX route map and stop listing
- Innovative Service Design Among Bus Rapid Transit Systems In The Americas (PDF)
- STM System Map
- 505 Map
- 505 Schedule