Montrose, Iowa

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Montrose, Iowa
City
Montrose iowa.jpg
Location of Montrose, Iowa
Location of Montrose, Iowa
Coordinates: 40°31′46″N 91°24′58″W / 40.52944°N 91.41611°W / 40.52944; -91.41611Coordinates: 40°31′46″N 91°24′58″W / 40.52944°N 91.41611°W / 40.52944; -91.41611
Country  United States
State  Iowa
County Lee
Area[1]
 • Total 1.14 sq mi (2.95 km2)
 • Land 1.12 sq mi (2.90 km2)
 • Water 0.02 sq mi (0.05 km2)
Elevation 531 ft (162 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 898
 • Estimate (2012[3]) 878
 • Density 801.8/sq mi (309.6/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 52639
Area code(s) 319
FIPS code 19-53760
GNIS feature ID 0459199

Montrose is a city in Lee County, Iowa, United States. The population was 898 at the 2010 census. The town is located on the Mississippi River. It is part of the Fort MadisonKeokuk, IA-MO Micropolitan Statistical Area.

History[edit]

Robert E. Lee map of the head of the Des Moines Rapids, 1837, showing Fort Des Moines No. 1, later Montrose, Iowa.

The area around Montrose has been occupied continuously since at least the 1780s, when Quashquame's village was established nearby. The area was strategically important because it is at the head of the Des Moines Rapids, a major impediment to river traffic that caused large boats to land in this area and transfer freight overland to avoid the rapids.[4] Montrose was the location of Fort Des Moines No. 1, a military post from 1834-1837. From 1839-1846 Montrose was the home of many members of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints. This was especially true in 1839 when many people lived in an abandoned barracks at Montrose that served as a good short term residence while homes were being built in Nauvoo. Among Montrose's residents at this time were Brigham Young, Wilford Woodruff and Erastus Snow. Despite legends that the streets of Montrose were aligned to allow a direct view of the Nauvoo Temple across the Mississippi River in Illinois,[5] the streets actually align with the 1834 layout of Fort Des Moines.[6]

Geography[edit]

Montrose's longitude and latitude coordinates
in decimal form are 40.529532, -91.415995.[7]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.14 square miles (2.95 km2), of which, 1.12 square miles (2.90 km2) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) is water.[1]

Demographics[edit]

Historical populations
Year Pop.   ±%  
1870 905 —    
1880 983 +8.6%
1890 778 −20.9%
1900 748 −3.9%
1910 708 −5.3%
1920 549 −22.5%
1930 621 +13.1%
1940 592 −4.7%
1950 643 +8.6%
1960 632 −1.7%
1970 735 +16.3%
1980 1,038 +41.2%
1990 957 −7.8%
2000 957 +0.0%
2010 898 −6.2%
Source:"American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.  and Iowa Data Center

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 898 people, 359 households, and 242 families residing in the city. The population density was 801.8 inhabitants per square mile (309.6 /km2). There were 405 housing units at an average density of 361.6 per square mile (139.6 /km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.2% White, 0.4% African American, 0.3% Asian, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.

There were 359 households of which 26.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.8% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.6% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.9% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.37 and the average family size was 2.86.

The median age in the city was 47.4 years. 18.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 7.2% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 21.2% were from 25 to 44; 32.6% were from 45 to 64; and 20.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.9% male and 51.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[8] of 2000, there were 957 people, 374 households, and 255 families residing in the city. The population density was 852.1 people per square mile (329.9/km²). There were 399 housing units at an average density of 355.3 per square mile (137.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.81% White, 0.10% African American, 0.73% Native American, 0.10% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 1.04% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.84% of the population.

There were 374 households out of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.5% were married couples living together, 9.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.8% were non-families. 29.9% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.44 and the average family size was 3.00.

In the city the population was spread out with 24.3% under the age of 18, 7.0% from 18 to 24, 25.3% from 25 to 44, 24.7% from 45 to 64, and 18.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 87.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,341, and the median income for a family was $40,865. Males had a median income of $30,855 versus $21,845 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,010. About 7.0% of families and 8.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.9% of those under age 18 and 6.8% of those age 65 or over.

Notable people[edit]

  • Margaret Warner Morley (1858–1923) educator, scholar and writer.[9]
  • Montrose is the resting place of Cato Mead, the only known Black revolutionary War veteran buried west of the Mississippi River.
  • Nedra Volz (1908-2003) character actress [10]

Buildings[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-05-11. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  4. ^ Hallwas, John E. (2001) Keokuk and the Great Dam. Arcadia Publishing, Chicago.
  5. ^ Wills, Christopher. Associated Press (AP), December 7, 2007.
  6. ^ several maps exist of Fort Des Moines showing the same alignment as modern Montrose, including one drawn by Robert E. Lee, (1837) Map of the Des Moines Rapids of the Mississippi River. Surveyed by Lt. R. E. Lee, September 1837. National Archives, Washington, D. C.
  7. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  9. ^ "Margaret Warner Morley". Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-18. 
  10. ^ "Nedra Volz obituary". 

External links[edit]