Montrose Air Station Heritage Centre

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Montrose Air Station Heritage Centre
MASHC.jpg
Established 1983
Location Montrose, Angus
Coordinates 56°43′34″N 2°27′43″W / 56.72600°N 2.46200°W / 56.72600; -2.46200
Type Aviation museum
Curator Dr Dan Paton
Website http://www.rafmontrose.org.uk
Location of Montrose, Angus, Scotland
Layout of Heritage Centre

The Montrose Air Station Heritage Centre is located to the North of Montrose, Angus, Scotland. Montrose has the distinction of having the first operational military airfield in Great Britain and the Heritage Centre is located on the former airfield. It aims to show the human side of its history with a collection of contemporary photographs, artefacts and memorabilia. These not only tell of the history of the airfield but also the story of the men and women who served there and those who lived in the area.

The Air Station Heritage Centre is run by the Ian McIntosh Memorial Trust and is a registered Scottish charitable organisation No. SC023193. It is self-financing, relying on visitors fees and donations together with grants from local government and the Heritage Lottery Fund. The centre receives no regular financial support from local or national government.[1]

History[edit]

Main article: RAF Montrose

The airfield was first opened on 1913 when five aircraft of No.2 Squadron Royal Flying Corps arrived. Montrose became the first operational military airfield in Great Britain and first military airfield in Scotland.[2]

The air station closed in 1920 but was reopened in 1935 for use in the second world war. After the war the airfield continued to be used as a maintenance unit until it closed on 4 June 1952.[3][4]

In 1983 a group of local enthusiast banded together to ensure that the history of Montrose Air Station would not be forgotten. A local man, Ian McIntosh, established the Montrose Air Station Heritage Trust, now known as the Ian McIntosh Memorial Trust and money was raised by the Montrose Aerodrome Museum Society.[5]

In 1992 the trust purchased the Watch Office and ground which became the Montrose Air Station Museum. Over the years the museum has added more buildings to house its increasing collection of artefacts, memorabilia and models aided by donations, local government grants and the Heritage Lottery Fund.[6]

On 19 May 2012 a memorial stone was unveiled at the air station in remembrance of the units and personnel who were stationed there. The memorial was provided by the Airfields of Britain Conservation Trust.[4]

Projects[edit]

Airfields of Britain Memorial
Memorial to the men and women who served at RFC/RAF Montrose

Training Pilots for War[edit]

This project was supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund[6] as well as local benefactors. It commenced in June 2010 and involved extending the Romney Building to create room for new facilities. These included a Link Trainer, computer flight simulator and a learning zone with audio and video resources. It was completed in October 2012.[7]

The Spitfire Fund[edit]

Similar to the wartime Spitfire Funds[8] this was to raise money to purchase a full size replica Spitfire. Additional funding from Angus Council[9] has enabled the purchase of the Spitfire which now sits at the front of the main building. The Aircraft, made by GB Replicas, stands as a monument to the many people who served there during two World Wars. It is in the colours and markings of the 602 Squadron (City of Glasgow) Red Lichtie Spitfire.[10] The original Red Lichtie was purchased in 1942 by the people of Arbroath, Angus after they started a Spitfire fund and raised £5000.[10] On 26 July 2013 HRH Prince Edward, Earl of Wessex visited the Heritage Centre and unveiled the Spitfire and a commemorative stone.[11][12]

First in France 1914[edit]

The first pilot to land in France after the declaration of war was Lieutenant H.D. Harvey-Kelly of No.2 Squadron RFC Montrose.The project is named after this event. A new building has been erected which will house the centre’s artefacts from World War One including the Robinson Cross and the replica Sopwith Camel. They will also construct a full size replica B.E.2a aircraft and put together a comprehensive exhibition.[13] Also part of this project will involve the production of a Roll of Honour, an 'online' Book of Remembrance for pilots who were killed in accidents whilst flying at Montrose Air Station.[14] The First in France 1914 project is supported by the Heritage Lottery Fund.

Awards[edit]

Montrose Air Station Heritage Centre is a member of Museums Galleries Scotland and fully accredited Museum.[15]

  • In 2009 The Montrose Air Station Heritage Centre was highly commended in the Cultural Ambassador category of the Angus Ambassador Awards.[16]
  • In 2011 it won the Cultural Ambassador category and was highly commended in the Community Ambassador category.[16]
  • In 2012 the Heritage Centre was highly commended in the Tourism Ambassador category.[16]
  • On 2 June 2014 the Montrose Air Station Heritage Centre was proud to have conferred upon it the Queen's Award for Voluntary Service.[17]

Exhibits[edit]

Replica Supermarine Spitfire
1941 Hillman RAF Staff Car with Sopwith Camel in background
Royal Navy Fleet Air Arm de Havilland Sea Vampire T22 (XA 109)

Aircraft on display[edit]

Engines on display[edit]

Other items[edit]

Buildings[edit]

Historic Hangars - Burkes's Sheds date back to 1913
1940's room

MT Hut[edit]

The MT (Mechanised Transport) Hut can be seen in some of the oldest pictures of the air station and dates back to around 1915. After the closure of the air station in 1952 the hut fell into a state of disrepair. In 2009 volunteers started restoring the hut and it was formally reopened on 5 May 2012. The building is a category:C(S) Listed Building [18] Historic Scotland Building ID: 38231

HQ Building[edit]

Built in 1915 this was the former headquarters building of the air station and now holds several exhibitions. The building is a category:C(S) Listed Building [19] Historic Scotland Building ID: 38229

Exhibition Room 1

Formerly the Commanding Officers office, there is a display on the theme of the Home Front during WWII

Exhibition Room 2

Is used for temporary displays.

Exhibition Room 3

The largest display room tells the story of Montrose Air Station from its foundation in 1913 to its closure in 1952 and the people who served there. A new acquisition for 2013 is a large Diorama showing the layout of the airfield in 1940.

Exhibition Room 4

A pilots bedroom in 1940.

Wartime Pillbox and Anderson Shelter[edit]

The pillbox dates from 1949 and was an important part of the defences at Montrose. The Anderson shelter was designed in 1938 by William Paterson and Oscar Carl (Karl) Kerrison in response to a request from the Home Office. It was named after Sir John Anderson, then Lord Privy Seal with special responsibility for preparing air-raid precautions immediately prior to the outbreak of World War II, and it was he who then initiated the development of the shelter. It was widely used by the civilian population during WWII

The Richard Moss Memorial Collection[edit]

Formerly the Kirriemuir Aviation Museum, this building displays Richard Moss’s collection of RAF memorabilia.

Jack Drummond Workshop and Store[edit]

This is named after LAC Jack Drummond who was posted to Montrose in 1937. The Nissen hut is used for restoration projects and houses working machinery. For safety reasons it is not open to the public.

John Betty Library and Research Centre[edit]

Named after Squadron Leader John Betty, former Chief Flying Instructor at RAF Montrose, the library houses the largest private collection of aviation books in Scotland and the Heritage Centre’s archives. It is accessible to visitors by arrangement and will eventually provide computer access to archives in the future for family history research.

David Butler Building[edit]

This building, a Romney Hut funded by the Heritage Lottery Fund, was named after David Butler who is a founder member of the Heritage Centre. It houses the Vampire jet, Sopwith Camel and link trainer together with a display of aircraft engines. There is also a Pilot Training Display including a computer flight simulator and a Learning Zone for visits from local schools.

Historic Airfield buildings nearby[edit]

To the immediate south of the Heritage Centre stand three aircraft hangars which are believed to be the oldest known example of their type in the world. The hangars were built at the end of 1913 and first used in early 1914 to house No. 2 Squadron when they moved to the airfield from Upper Dysart. Their design was based on Indian Army Sheds modified by Major Burke to house aircraft and were pre-fabricated in Glasgow before being transported to Montrose. The buildings were constructed of wood with corrugated iron roofs and each one had two gabled openings. The hangars were built in a curve following the path of railway line which used to be at the rear of the buildings.

The hangar farthest away from the heritage centre retains its original cladding. The building is a category:A Listed Building[20] Historic Scotland Building ID: 38228

The other two hangars have had a steel cladding added in 1987-8 and are category:B Listed Buildings [21] Historic Scotland Building ID: 38227

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "History". Montrose Air Station. Montrose Air Station. 
  2. ^ "Montrose". Disused WWII Airfields in the N.E. Scotland. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  3. ^ "Abandoned & Little-Known Airfields in Europe". Ronaldv.nl. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  4. ^ a b "Airfields of Britain Conservation Trust". ABCT. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  5. ^ Learning to Fly at Montrose. Scotland: Ian McIntosh Memorial Trust. 2005. 
  6. ^ a b "Lottery Boost for Museum". Montrose Review. 18 June 2010. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  7. ^ "End of Pilot Training Project". YouTube. Montrose Air Station Heritage Centre. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  8. ^ "Spitfire Funds". HistoryLearningSite.co.uk. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  9. ^ "Spitfire bid could take off with backing". Montrose Review. 16 February 2012. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  10. ^ a b "The Arbroath Spitfire". Squadron Prints Ltd. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  11. ^ "STV News Earl of Wessex meets veterans as air station celebrates 100th anniversary". Retrieved 26 July 2013. 
  12. ^ "The Arbroath Spitfire". Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  13. ^ "Big boost for air station". Retrieved 28 June 2014. 
  14. ^ "Tribute to Fallen Pilots". Montrose Review. 14 November 2012. Retrieved 3 April 2013. 
  15. ^ "Accredited Museums". Arts Council. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  16. ^ a b c "Angus Ambassador Awards". AngusAhead. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  17. ^ "QAVS certificate citations 2014". Gov.uk. Retrieved 2 June 2014. 
  18. ^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Montrose Air Station Building 142 - Montrose - Angus - Scotland | British Listed Buildings". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  19. ^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Montrose Air Station Building 62 - Montrose - Angus - Scotland | British Listed Buildings". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  20. ^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Montrose Air Station Building 48 - Montrose - Angus - Scotland | British Listed Buildings". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 
  21. ^ Good Stuff IT Services. "Montrose Air Station Buildings 46 and 47 - Montrose - Angus - Scotland | British Listed Buildings". britishlistedbuildings.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-01-25. 

External links[edit]