The castle in Monzón.
The comarca of Cinca Medio, of which the capital is in Monzón, in Aragon.
|• Alcalde||Rosa María Lanau (PP)|
|• Total||155.01 km2 (59.85 sq mi)|
|Elevation||273 m (896 ft)|
|• Density||110/km2 (290/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Monzón is a small city in the autonomous community of Aragon, Spain. Its population was 17,211 as of 2011. It is in the northeast (specifically the Cinca Medio district of the province of Huesca) and adjoins the rivers Cinca and Sosa.
Monzón was an important stronghold of the Banu Qasi until 920, when King Sancho I of Pamplona led a Christian coalition which reconquered it. It was at times part of the Kingdom of Navarre, then the Crown of Aragon.
The cathedral of Santa María del Romeral (Saint Mary of the Rosemary Field), grew from the 9th century Torre del Homenaje which hosted kings and nobles. Here in 1109 Urraca of Castile married her second husband Alfonso I ("The Battler") despite the Church's objections concerning consanguinity.
During medieval times Monzón was a stronghold of the Knights Templar because of its strategic location between the Segre and Cinca valleys. It was also as an important center for joint legislative sessions for the various segments of Aragon, especially between the 13th and 17th centuries because of its location between Zaragoza and Barcelona. James I ("The Conqueror") spent part of his youth Monzón. After his father Peter II ("The Catholic") died in the Battle of Muret (1213); the Knights Templar in Monzon served as the young king's guardians and tutors. Cardinal Richelieu and Gaspar de Guzmán, Count-Duke of Olivares signed a treaty here, ending the conflict over Valtelline in 1626.
Famous sports players and athletes
Monzón has been home to great sportsmen and women well known to the Aragonese and the world. Among them are Conchita Martínez, the only Spanish woman to win Wimbledon, and Eliseo Martín, bronze medal winner in the 3000 m steeplechase in the Paris World Championships (2003) — the only non-African athlete to get a medal in those championships since 1993.
Monzón has been home to Olympic athletes, including Javier Moracho (110 m hurdles) — Spanish record holder for almost 20 years — the decathlete Álvaro Burrell, and the renowned pole vaulter Javier Gazol.
Places of interest
- El Castillo Templario (The Castle of the Knights Templar)
- La Catedral de Santa María del Romeral (The Cathedral of Saint Mary of the Rosemary Field, 12th and 13th centuries)
- El Convento de San Francisco (Saint Francis Convent, now dedicated to musical education and headquarters of the orchestral group Ensemble XXI)
- La Ermita de la Virgen de la Alegría (The Happiness Virgin Shrine, from the 17th century)
- Major House (16th and 17th centuries)
- La Puerta de Luzán (Luzán Gate)
Notable people from Monzón
- Conchita Martínez (born 1972): former tennis player and Wimbledon Champion in 1994.
- Barón de Eroles (1860–1941): lawyer and philanthropist who brought to Monzón one of the first X-ray machines in Spain.
- Reverendos Vicente Pilzano y Alexandre Ezquerra: before the 18th century, he wrote important chronicles about the city.
- Ignacio de Luzán Arquiaga (1702–54): her poetry is studied in universities all around the world.
- José Mor de Fuentes y Blázquez: naval engineer and writer, author of books including La Serafina, La fonda de París, El calavera, A la muerte de Lord Byron, and Los nuevos desengaños.
- Joaquín Costa y Martínez (1846–1911): one of the greatest men of the Regeneracionismo. He developed theories about education, water management and agricultural politics that were followed throughout the 20th century. Oligarquía y Caciquismo is one of his best books.
- Mariano de Pano y Ruata (1847–1948): He was president of the Ateneo and Academia de Bellas Artes de San Luis. He was the official chronicler of the monasterio de Sijena and of the Real Academia de la Historia. His best books are Las coplas del Peregrino, Puey de Monzón, Viaje a la Meca en el siglo XVI and La condesa de Bureta doña Consolidación de Azlor.
- Joaquín de Pano y Ruata (1849–1919): engineer, ornithologist, filologue, translator of several languages, including Chinese and Japanese. He designed bridges in Monzón and one of them served as the model for bridges in Zaragoza.
Notes and references
- Instituto Nacional de Estadistica  Accessed March 21, 2013.
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