Moodabidri

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Moodabidri
City
Saavira Kambada Basadi Jain temple at Moodabidri
Saavira Kambada Basadi Jain temple at Moodabidri
Moodabidri is located in Karnataka
Moodabidri
Moodabidri
Location in Karnataka, India
Coordinates: 13°05′N 74°59′E / 13.08°N 74.98°E / 13.08; 74.98Coordinates: 13°05′N 74°59′E / 13.08°N 74.98°E / 13.08; 74.98
Country  India
State Karnataka
Region Tulu Nadu
District Dakshina Kannada
Area
 • Total 39.62 km2 (15.30 sq mi)
Elevation 147 m (482 ft)
Population (2011[1])
 • Total 29,431
 • Density 740/km2 (1,900/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Kannada, Tulu
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 574227
Vehicle registration KA 19,KA 20
Distance from Mangalore 37 kilometres (23 mi)
Website moodbidritown.gov.in

Moodabidri (also called Mudbidri, Moodbiri and Bedra), is a small town 37 km northeast of the Dakshina Kannada district headquarters, Mangalore, in Karnataka, India.

Because of widely grown bamboo in ancient days, this place got named as Moodabidri. Moodabidri comes from two words: Moodu and Bidiru. Moodu means East and Bidiru means bamboo. This place was also known as Mooduvenupura (Kannada: ಮೂಡುವೇಣುಪುರ).

Its average elevation is 147 metres (482 feet).

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Mudbidri had a population of 25,710. Males constitute 48% of the population and females 52%. Mudbidri has an average literacy rate of 79%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: Male literacy is 82%, and female literacy is 76%. In Mudbidri, 10% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Moodbidri basically contains two villages: Pranthya and Marnad. Moodbidri is also called as "JainaKashi of the South".

Location[edit]

Moodbidri is on National Highway 13. It is accessible from Mangalore (31 km away) by bus. Mangalore Airport is  40 from Moodbidri.

It is an hour from Udupi and near Karkala. Other nearby places are Venur and Kudremukh.

Bus / train booking[edit]

Onlines train and bus (government and private) booking facility is available at Moodabidri.

Nearby railway stations are at Mangalore (60 minutes journey by bus) or Udupi (90 minutes by bus) or Bantawl (25 KM from Moodbidri). The local online news of Moodabidri published in Kannada by ICARE Live on their dedicated website for Moodabidri called Namma Bedra

Languages[edit]

Tulu is spoken by majority of the population, followed by Konkani and Kannada. A small Muslim population speaks Byari and Urdu. Visitors can manage with Hindi and English.

Hospitals / Nursing home[edit]

Moodabidri has a state-run health center. The hospital has improved in the last few years. Medicine supply to the hospital is stable and medicines are available for all common ailments. Well qualified doctors, including dentists, are available and PG interns practice. The hospital has X-ray machine, dental chair, and an ambulance facility.

Private hospital services with highly qualified and experienced doctors (allopathic and ayurvedic) general medicine, with different specilisation are available. A few of the hospitals are Alva's nursing home, Prabhu clinic, G.V. Pai hospital, Dental clinics like Dr Hegde's Dental Speciality Clinic (www.drhegde.org) and Dr Parveen's, Janatha Clinic,Dr.Shinaj's clinic

A few doctors/physicians render their services in their clinic. Medical stores serve needy people.

The town also has a reasonably well maintained veterinary hospital with a veterinary doctor and a veterinary inspector. 111

Religion and culture[edit]

Jainism was and still is strongly practised in Moodabidri. The Thousand Pillars Temple (Saavira Kambada Basadi) is a famous and holy shrine for Jains across the country. It also has Guru Basadi which houses the treasured Dhavala text. There are other Basadis: Ammanvara Basadi and Leppada Basadi. There are several Jain temples in Moodbidri.

There are a number of Hindu temples in Moodbidri as well. A sizable number practise Roman Catholicism in Moodbidri. There are around 11 churches in and around Moodbidri Varado. Among them, the 16th century old Portuguese-built church Igreja da Santa Cruz Hospet or Hospet Church is famous.

Tradition and festivals[edit]

Hulivesha[edit]

Hulivesha (Tiger dance) is a unique form of folk dance in Dakshina Kannada. Since tiger is considered as the favored carrier of Goddess Sharada (the deity in whose honor Dussera is celebrated), this dance is performed during the Dussera celebration. It is also performed during other festivals like Krishna Janmasthami and Ganesh Chathurthi. Moodbidri is famous for Hulivesha performed on Ganesha Chaturthui as Mangalore is famous for Dashera Hulivesha and Udupi for Janmashtami Hulivesha.

Navaraatri[edit]

During Navaraatri, the idol of Sharada Maathe is kept at Shri Lashmi Venkatesha Temple, Ponnechari, Moodbidri, by Saarvajanika Samithi and celebrated for two days very grandly. The Sharada Maathe idol is kept at the Venkataramana Temple Moodbidri and here it is celebrated for three days.

Maari Pooja or Rashi Pooja[edit]

There are five Maari Gudi Temples in Moodbidri. Old Maari Gudi at Swaraj Maidan, Maari Gudi at Swaraj Maidan, Maari Gudi at Mahaveera College,Maari Gudi at Kotabagilu and maari Gudi at kallabettu.

Bhuta Kola[edit]

Bhuta Kola or spirit worship is practised here. Bhuta Kola is usually done at night. Most of the temples have Bhuta Kola on their annual festival.

Kambala[edit]

Kambala or buffalo race is conducted in water-filled paddy fields. The Rani Abbakka Kambala Stadium is constructed at Kadale Kere Nisarga Dhama. Every year Kambla is organised here for two days.

Korikatta[edit]

Korikatta (cockfight) is another favourite sport for village people on the annual festival of the temples. To its supporters, cockfight, an ancient sport involving a fight between specially reared fowls held at the temples precincts in northern parts of Kasaragod, is not a blood sport but a feature of the rich cultural heritage of Tulunadu and an ancient ritual associated with the ‘daivasthanams’ (temples) here.[3]

Nagaradhane[edit]

Nagaradhane or snake worship is practised according to the popular belief of the Naga Devatha to go underground and guard the species which lived on top.

Dindu (Lakshadeepotsava)[edit]

Konkani-speaking GSBs have their own tradition of celebrating Lakshadeepotsava (Dindu) five day festival starting from Uthana Dwadashi (Tulasi Pooja Day — the day on which four month chaturmasa of Lord will end and Lord will come out of the temple for the first time in last four months. This day denotes start of Utsava (Pete Savari) of lord for the year). Out of five days last three days being Keredeepotsava (Chaturdashi) Lakshyadeepotsave (on full moon day of Kartika month in Kannada Kartika Hunnime or Karthik Poornima or Karthi-Punnav) and last day Okali (Holi) attract many people to the temple.

Uroos[edit]

Muslims celebrate Uroos in the Dargas every year.

Rathotsava[edit]

Jains have their Jain Milans yearly. All Jaina Basadi celebrated Ratotsava very grandly. Each goes for seven days.

Santhmari[edit]

Celebrated by Christians at Alangar Church and Corpus Christi Church.

Education[edit]

Moodabidri has elementary, higher elementary, high schools, junior colleges and first grade colleges.

Sri Dhavala College, Jain PU College sponsored by DJVV Sanga Sri Mahaveera College, S N M Polytehcnic, headed by Manipal Academy. It has 22 primary and higher elementary schools, five high schools. Moodbidri has three engineering colleges: Mangalore Institute of Technology and Engineering (MITE), Dr. M.V. Shetty Institute of Technology and Alva's Institute of Engineering & Technology.

Alva's Education Foundation has become one among the leading education institutes in Karnataka, it education facilities starting from high schools to Post graduation education. Alva's has slowly changed this sleeping Jain Temple town to a thriving education town. It has graduation courses in the field of Education, Medical, Para Medical & Engineering.

Alva's Education Foundation is also known to hold events which attracts participants from all-over Karnataka, it has held annual fest in the form of Alvas Virasath (College Fest) & Alvas Nudisiri (Event for enrichment of Kannada Language).http://www.alvas.org/

History[edit]

Typical Yakshagana Artist
Pillars inside the basadi

There are 18 lakes, 18 Jaina Basadis, 18 temples, and 18 roads connecting various villages in Moodbidri.

During 14th–16th centuries this town emerged as a center of Jain religion, culture, art and architecture. 18 Jain temples, known as Basadis, were constructed during this period. The Jain Math at Moodabadri is headed by a Bhattaraka belonging to the Mula Sangh order.

The most famous among them are Guru basadi, Tribhuvana Tilaka Chudamani Basadi and Ammanavara Basadi.

  • Guru basadi is the earliest of the Jain monuments. A stone idol of Parshwanatha, about 3.5 metres tall, is installed in the sanctum of this basadi. Here the rare Jain palm leaf manuscripts of 12th century A.D. known as ‘Dhavala texts’ are preserved.
  • Tribhuvana Tilaka Chudamani basadi is the largest and the most ornate of the Jain temples of this region. People also call this temple Thousand Pillared Temple (Saavira Kambada Basadi) . This is a large granite temple built in 1430 A.D. The 2.5 metres tall bronze image of Lord Chandranatha Swami in the sanctum of this basadi is considered to be very sacred. This three-storey construction was supported by the rulers, the Jain Bhattaraka Swamiji, merchants and the common people. The temple is famous for the open pillared hall in front, consisting of a large variety of ornate pillars decorated with carvings typical of Vijayanagara style. A 15-meter-tall single stone pillar called manastambha stands in front of the basadi.

Ratnakara Varni, the medieval Kannada author of Bharatesha Vaibhava belonged to this place. The famous Jain canonical texts known as Dhavala texts and also a number of palm leaf manuscripts of historical and literacy value are preserved in the Jain Math (monastery).

Moodabidri was the seat of the Chowtas, a Jain ruling family, who were originally located at Puthige, about 5 km from here. They moved their capital to Moodabidri in the 17th century. The remains of the 17th century Chowta Palace is known for its carved wooden pillars and ceilings.

  • Gowri Temple in the heart of the city is said to have been built in the 7th century.
  • Hanuman Temple in the heart of the city is the most famous temple around Moodbidri. People from many religions including Hindus, Muslims, and Christians offer prayers to the Lord Hanuman.

Sports[edit]

Yearly and monthly sports activities are held Swaraj Maidhan and SMC ground. State level and national sports meets are held here. Cricket, volleyball, badminton and different types of matches are played. Many flood light cricket and volleyball matches are held here. Alva's Education Foundation has hosted many state and national level sports meets here.

Companies[edit]

Small-scale industries employ many people. Many cashew industries are here. Kadale Kere is the industrial area where many small-scale industries are.&also Automobile body parts industries since started in 1974...

Transport facilities[edit]

Long distance travel and local transport[edit]

The local and long distance transport includes the buses which ply regularly. Shuttle and express buses to Mangalore, Udupi, Karkala, Shimoga, Kudrmukha, Sringeri, Dharmastala, Bantwal Bethalgady, Naravi and Mulki run every 5–10 minutes.

There are government buses to distant places like Bangalore, Hubli,Dharwad, Subramanya, Chickmagalur and all the important places of Karnataka. Private buses from Moodbidri are also available to Bombay, Goa and Bangalore by established travels like Navami, Nishmitha, Sugama, Vishal, Ideal and Anand.

Entertainment[edit]

Other entertainment is watching Yakshgana, unique to this district. This includes a drama like play on epics, which lasts a whole night, starting at 9:30 pm and ending at 6 am next day. This is played normally once a week, and only in few months a year.

Some private Tulu drama companies play comedy drama at regular intervals between November and June.

Photo Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.moodbidritown.gov.in/
  2. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  3. ^ "The Hindu". thehindu.co.in. January 10, 2008. 

External links[edit]