Mook en Middelaar
|Mook en Middelaar
Mook en Middelar
Mook town centre across the Meuse
Location in Limburg
|• Body||Municipal council|
|• Mayor||Willem Gradisen (PvdA)|
|• Total||18.81 km2 (7.26 sq mi)|
|• Land||17.39 km2 (6.71 sq mi)|
|• Water||1.42 km2 (0.55 sq mi)|
|Elevation||12 m (39 ft)|
|Population (January 2014)|
|• Density||448/km2 (1,160/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
Mook en Middelaar (Dutch pronunciation: [ˈmoːk ən ˈmɪ.də.ˌlaːr] ( ), Limburgish: Mook en Middelar) is a municipality in the mid-eastern part of the Netherlands, at the northern tip of the province of Limburg and is a part of Stadsregio Arnhem Nijmegen. The municipality is located about 100 km from provincial capital Maastricht and has an area of 18.81 km2 (7.26 sq mi) of which 1.42 km2 (0.55 sq mi) is water.
The Mookerheide ("Mook Heath"), situated on the border of Mook, saw the Battle of Mookerheyde in 1574 which was fought as part of the Eighty Years War. Spanish forces under Sancho d'Avila defeated the rebel forces of Louis of Nassau, who was killed.
The Mookerschans and Heumense schans were defenses on the Mookerheide probably from the 17th century. (At that time the Mookerheide area extended all the way to the citywalls of Nijmegen) The historical Mookerheideschans (defense work) has been restored and offers a beautiful view over the Meuse valley.
Middelaar belonged to Overkwartier (Upper Quarter) of Guelders or Upper Guelders. During the War of the Spanish Succession Middelaar was occupied by Prussian troops, and it remained German for about a century (until 1814).
In the Second World War a fierce battle raged around this area. In May 1940 the invaders were stopped by large bunkers on the Brabant-side of the Meuse, the railway bridge between Mook and Katwijk was blown up. In September 1944 Mook, Plasmolen and Middelaar were in the front area and the war caused much devastation. While under fire of German guns that were shooting from the woods near Groesbeek, allied soldiers had to secure the Heumen bridge over the Maas-Waal canal that was an important hub for operation Market Garden. Fierce fighting caused the front to move so the little village, of which most houses were shot in this period, was liberated to fall back in German hands, to be liberated again. Soldiers killed in this vicinity during WWII found their final restingplace in Mook War Cemetery Most inhabitants of Mook and Middelaar sought refuge elsewhere until the liberation.
To support the cement industry, sand was dug out in the fields next to the river Maas (known as 'Cuyksesteeg') which consequently lead to the forming of the Mookerplassen recreational lakes, between Middelaar and the Mookerheide. After a couple of floodings in the 80's and 90's a removable lock was built to save the area from flooding again.
Mook and the municipality is served by three bus lines and has its own train station, Mook-Molenhoek railway station.
- Arjen Teeuwissen (born 1971), equestrian
- "College van burgemeester en wethouders" [Board of mayor and aldermen] (in Dutch). Gemeente Mook en Middelaar. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
- "Kerncijfers wijken en buurten" [Key figures for neighbourhoods]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 2 July 2013. Retrieved 12 March 2014.
- "Postcodetool for 6585AP". Actueel Hoogtebestand Nederland (in Dutch). Het Waterschapshuis. Retrieved 11 November 2013.
- "Bevolkingsontwikkeling; regio per maand" [Population growth; regions per month]. CBS Statline (in Dutch). CBS. 10 March 2014. Retrieved 11 March 2014.
||Heumen (GE)||Groesbeek (GE)|