Moonlight Shadow

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the song. For the short novel, see Moonlight Shadow (novella).
"Moonlight Shadow"
Single by Mike Oldfield
from the album Crises
B-side "Rite of Man"
Released 6 May 1983 (1983-05-06)
Format 7-inch vinyl
12-inch vinyl
Recorded Denham November 1982 – April 1983
Genre Pop rock
Length 3:37 (Album version)
5:17 (12-inch version)
Label Virgin
Writer(s) Mike Oldfield
Producer(s) Mike Oldfield, Simon Phillips[1]
Mike Oldfield chronology
"Mistake"
(1982)
"Moonlight Shadow"
(1983)
"Shadow on the Wall"
(1983)
Music sample
1993 reissue artwork
Reissued in promotion for Elements
Mike Oldfield chronology
"The Bell"
(1993)
"Moonlight Shadow" (reissue)
(1993)
"In Dulci Jubilo" (reissue)
(1993)

"Moonlight Shadow" is a song written and performed by English multi-instrumentalist Mike Oldfield, released as a single in May 1983, and included in the album, Crises, of the same year.[2] The vocals were performed by Scottish vocalist Maggie Reilly, who had joined Mike Oldfield in 1980. It is Oldfield's most successful single to date, reaching number one on a number of charts around Europe.

Release[edit]

The single peaked at number 4 in the British charts, making it Oldfield's second highest ranked single after "Portsmouth", which reached number 3 in 1976. "Moonlight Shadow" was successful throughout Europe. It reached number 1 in many countries, including Brazil for two weeks, Italy, Austria, Switzerland for four weeks and Norway for six weeks. It spent four weeks at number 2 in Germany, hit number 6 in Australia, and peaked at number 3 in New Zealand and France. It was re-released as a maxi-CD single in 1993 to promote Oldfield's Elements box set, charting at number 52.

A 12" single (later reissued on a 3" CD single) featured an extended version of the song with an extra verse, and the single B-side was "Rite of Man", which was a rare instance of Oldfield singing lead vocal. The extended mix also appears on his compilation album The Platinum Collection.

In 1991 the song was re-released in France, and in 1993 it was featured on promos for Elements in France and Spain. The 1993 reissue included "Bones" and "In the Pool" as B-sides, which had previously been released as B-sides with "To France". Furthermore the name of the song was used for the 2013 Universal Music compilation album of Oldfield's music, Moonlight Shadow: The Collection.

Live performances[edit]

Maggie Reilly sang "Moonlight Shadow" live when she toured with Oldfield in the 1980s. However since then, other singers have performed the song live with Oldfield including, Anita Hegerland (during the late 1980s), Pepsi Demacque (at the Tubular Bells III premiere and at the Live Then & Now 1999 tour), Miriam Stockley (at the Millennium concert) and Rosa Cedrón (at Nokia Night of the Proms).

Artwork[edit]

The original cover art is an enlargement of the lower right corner of the Crises album cover by UK artist Terry Ilott. This shows a man with his foot on a ledge with the sea and sky in the background. The moon, the tower and its shadow from the album cover cannot be seen on the single cover.

The artwork for the 1993 reissue followed the style of the Elements artwork in most countries.

Production[edit]

An early version of the song was entitled "Midnight Passion" with vocals by British singer Hazel O'Connor.[3] Along with Maggie Reilly, a girlfriend of one of the roadies when Oldfield was on tour, Oldfield used a rhyming dictionary and recorded many of the lyrics word by word.[4] According to Oldfield, Virgin Records were immediately happy with the song and wanted more pieces similar to it.[citation needed] Reilly also sang on "Foreign Affair" on Crises.

Oldfield later sampled the drums from "Moonlight Shadow" for the song "Man in the Rain" on his 1998 album, Tubular Bells III.[5]

An unplugged mix of the song appears on the 2013 Mercury Records reissue of the Crises album.

Lyrical content[edit]

It has been suggested that the lyrics of the song are a reference to the murder of John Lennon despite the fact that the events in the song do not correspond with those of Lennon's murder.[6][7] Lennon was shot four times just before 11pm, whereas in the song the time is 4am and the number of shots is six. When asked if "Moonlight Shadow" is a reference to John Lennon's murder in a 1995 interview, Oldfield responded:

Not really... well, perhaps, when I look back on it, maybe it was. I actually arrived in New York that awful evening when he was shot and I was staying at the Virgin Records house in Perry Street, which was just a few blocks down the road from the Dakota Building where it happened, so it probably sank into my subconscious. It was originally inspired by a film I loved – 'Houdini', starring Tony Curtis, which was about attempts to contact Houdini after he'd died, through spiritualism... it was originally a song influenced by that, but a lot of other things must have crept in there without me realizing it.

—Mike Oldfield, Randall, Gareth (1 June 1995). "Gareth Randall Interviews Mike Oldfield". Retrieved 1 May 2014. 

Video[edit]

There are two versions of the video: the full-length original, and a shorter one which omits a verse. The reason for the shorter version was for the requirements of some TV broadcasters, and the way both versions are edited suggests that Oldfield's touring guitarist "Ant" (Anthony Glynne) performed the second, overdriven half of the guitar solo, which is not the case. Also in the video is Oldfield's touring drummer, Pierre Moerlen, miming the part played by Simon Phillips on the recording.

Track listing[edit]

7-inch vinyl[edit]

  1. "Moonlight Shadow" (7" mix) — 3:37
  2. "Rite of Man" — 2:21

12-inch vinyl[edit]

  1. "Moonlight Shadow" (Extended version) — 5:18
  2. "Rite of Man" — 2:21

German vinyl[edit]

  1. "Moonlight Shadow" — 3:37
  2. "Moonlight Shadow" (Extended version) — 5:18
  3. "Rite of Man" — 2:21
  4. "To France" — 4:43
  5. "Jungle Gardenia" — 2:45 (Mike Oldfield)
  6. "Taurus 3" — 2:25

1988 CD[edit]

  1. "Moonlight Shadow" (Extended version) — 5:18
  2. "Rite of Man" — 2:21
  3. "To France" — 4:44
  4. "Jungle Gardenia" — 2:44

1993 CD[edit]

  1. "Moonlight Shadow" — 3:35
  2. "Moonlight Shadow" (Extended version) — 5:18
  3. "In the Pool" — 3:40
  4. "Bones" — 3:19

Chart positions[edit]

The song performed particularly well in European charts, reaching number one in countries such as Norway, Sweden, Italy, Switzerland and Austria.

Order of precedence
Preceded by
"Codo (...düse im Sauseschritt)" by Tauchen Prokopetz
Austrian number-one single
15 August 1983 – 15 September 1983 (5 weeks)
Succeeded by
"Africa (Voodoo Master)" by Rose Laurens
Preceded by
"Stars on 45 Presents the Star Sisters" by Stars on 45
Belgian Ultratop 50 Flanders number-one single
6 August 1983 – 27 August 1983 (4 weeks)
Succeeded by
"Wrap Your Arms Around Me" by Agnetha Fältskog
Belgian VRT Top 30 Flanders number-one single
6 August 1983 – 27 August 1983 (4 weeks)
Single Top 100 number-one single
30 July 1983 – 30 August 1983 (4 weeks)
Succeeded by
"Rondo Russo" by Berdien Stenberg
Preceded by
"Juliet" by Robin Gibb
Eurochart Hot 100 number-one single (first run)
23 July 1983 (1 week)
Succeeded by
"Baby Jane" by Rod Stewart
Preceded by
"Barco a Venus" by Mecano
Spanish number-one single
1 August 1983 – 29 August 1983 (5 weeks)
Succeeded by
"Dolce Vita" by Ryan Paris
Preceded by
"Baby Jane" by Rod Stewart
Eurochart Hot 100 number-one single (second run)
13 August 1983 – 24 September 1983 (7 weeks)
Irish Singles Chart number-one single
10 July 1983 (1 week)
Succeeded by
"Wherever I Lay My Hat (That's My Home)" by Paul Young
Preceded by
"Flashdance... What a Feeling" by Irene Cara
Swedish number-one single
20 September 1983 – 1 November 1983 (4 weeks)
Succeeded by
"Karma Chameleon" by Culture Club
Swiss number-one single (first run)
7 August 1983 – 14 August 1983 (2 weeks)
Succeeded by
"Vamos a la playa" by Righeira
Preceded by
"Vamos a la playa" by Righeira
Swiss number-one single (second run)
4 September 1983 – 11 September 1983 (2 weeks)
Succeeded by
"I Like Chopin" by Gazebo
Italian number-one single
8 October 1983 – 29 October 1983 (4 weeks)
Succeeded by
"Flashdance... What a Feeling" by Irene Cara
Preceded by
"The Heat Is On" by Agnetha Fältskog
Norwegian number-one single
29/1983 – 34/1983 (6 weeks)
Preceded by
"Arktyka" by Republika
"Moje Kilimandżaro" by Lady Pank
Polish number-one single
6 August 1983 (1 week)
3 September 1983 (1 week)
Succeeded by
"Arktyka" by Republika
"Wrapped Around Your Finger" by The Police
Preceded by
"Adios amor" by Andy Borg
1982
Austrian best-selling single of the year
1983
Succeeded by
"Jenseits von Eden" by Nino de Angelo
1984

Personnel[edit]

Appearances and influence in other media[edit]

The song has been used in other media, such as:

Cover versions[edit]

Numerous cover versions of "Moonlight Shadow" have been recorded over the years, including one that reached the German Top 10 by Groove Coverage.

  • In 1983 Juliane Werding released a German-language version, "Nacht voll Schatten", as a single; the following year it was included on her album Ohne Angst.
  • In 1986, The Shadows released an instrumental version on their album Moonlight Shadows.
  • In 1989, Annie Haslam covered the song on her self-titled third solo album.
  • In 1998, Ruslana covered the song for a live radio performance.[citation needed]
  • In 1990, Koto released an instrumental version on their Plays Synthesizer World Hits album.
  • In 1994, Takako Minekawa included a cover version on her solo debut album, Chat Chat.
  • In 1997, Missing Heart released a version of the song which was also used in Konami's 2001 Dance Dance Revolution 5thMix game.
  • In 2001, KBO! recorded a version on their 2001 cover album (Ne) Menjajte Stanicu ((Do Not) Change the Station).
  • In 2002, Kokia included a cover version on her single, "Ningen-tte Sonna Mono ne".
  • In 2002, Aselin Debison covered it on her Sweet Is the Melody album.
  • In 2002, Renaissance released a live version on their album In the Land of the Rising Sun (vocalist Annie Haslam had released her own solo version in 1989)
  • In 2003, X-Perience covered "Moonlight Shadow" as a planned single for 2006, but was never released.[citation needed]
  • In 2005, Skylark covered the song on their album Fairytales.
  • In 2005, Gigi D'Agostino's Disco Tanz compilation album included Luca Noise's Italian house version.
  • In 2005, Suidakra included a version as a hidden track on their album Command to Charge.
  • In 2005, Dana Winner released a version on her albums Unforgettable and Märchenland Der Gefühle.
  • In 2007, Mägo de Oz released a version as a B-side on their single "Y Ahora Voy a Salir (Ranxeira)".
  • In 2007, ItaloBrothers released a cover version as a single.
  • In 2008, Laurent Voulzy included the song in the medley track "Jukebox", on his album Recollection.
  • In 2009, the original singer, Maggie Reilly, re-recorded the song for her album Looking Back, Moving Forward.
  • In 2009, Marcela Morelo released a Spanish-language version, "Luz del cielo" on her album Otro Plan.
  • In 2010, Vox Angeli included a version on their album Irlande.
  • In 2011, Nolwenn Leroy included a version on the re-release of her album Bretonne.
  • In 2011, Chris Norman included a version on his album Time Traveller.
  • In 2013, a version by York and Steve Brian with vocals by Caribbean singer Odessa, was released on the remix album Tubular Beats.
  • "Moonlight Shadow 2k14" (Michael Fall remix) was released on 23 May 2014 on German label ZYX.

Groove Coverage version[edit]

"Moonlight Shadow"
Single by Groove Coverage
from the album Covergirl
Released 2002
Format 12" single, CD single, Maxi
Genre Eurodance
Length 2:52
Label Zeitgeist (Universal)
Suprime:Music
Groove Coverage singles chronology
"Are U Ready"
(2002)
"Moonlight Shadow"
(2002)
"God Is a Girl"
(2002)

In 2002, an dance version of "Moonlight Shadow" by Groove Coverage reached the German Top 10 (simultaneously, a similar version of Oldfield's "To France" by Novaspace was in the German Top 30). "Moonlight Shadow" appeared on Groove Coverage's debut album, Covergirl. The vocals are by Melanie Munch, who is known by her stage name Mell. Aside from the single remixes, the album also contains a piano version, featuring piano by Verena Rehm.

Track listings[edit]

CD single[edit]
  1. "Moonlight Shadow" (Radio version) — 2:52
  2. "Moonlight Shadow" (Original radio edit) — 2:54
  3. "Moonlight Shadow" (Extended version) — 6:56
  4. "Moonlight Shadow" (Rocco remix) — 6:58
  5. "Moonlight Shadow" (Warp Brothers remix) — 7:37
  6. "Moonlight Shadow" (Video) — 2:53
Maxi single[edit]
  1. "Moonlight Shadow" (Radio version) — 2:52
  2. "Moonlight Shadow" (Original radio edit) — 2:59
  3. "Moonlight Shadow" (Extended version) — 6:58
  4. "Moonlight Shadow" (Rocco remix) — 6:58
  5. "Beat Just Goes" — 3:53
Remix single[edit]

A-side

  1. "Moonlight Shadow" (Extended version)

B-side

  1. "Moonlight Shadow" (Club version)
  2. "Beat Just Goes" (Club mix)
US maxi single[edit]
  1. "Moonlight Shadow" (Josh Harris Radio Edit) — 3:46
  2. "Moonlight Shadow" (Josh Harris Club Mix) — 7:21
  3. "Moonlight Shadow" (Josh Harris Dub) — 6:39
  4. "Moonlight Shadow" (French Club Mix) — 6:36
  5. "Moonlight Shadow" (French Short Cut) — 3:05
  6. "Moonlight Shadow" (Plastic Men UK Mix) — 6:16
  7. "Moonlight Shadow" (Warp Brothers Remix) — 7:36
  8. "Moonlight Shadow" (North Starz Remix) — 6:57
  9. "Moonlight Shadow" (Alternate Radio Version) — 2:51
  10. "Moonlight Shadow" (Original Mix) — 2:53
  11. "Moonlight Shadow" (Extended Mix) — 6:54
  12. "Moonlight Shadow" (Rocco Remix) — 6:56
  13. "Moonlight Shadow" (A cappella) — 1:50
  14. "Moonlight Shadow" (Pure & Direct Version) — 4:17

Chart positions[edit]

Chart (2002) Peak
position
Australia (ARIA)[38] 39
Austria (Ö3 Austria Top 40)[39] 5
Belgium (Ultratop 50 Flanders)[40] 50
Europe (Eurochart Hot 100)[citation needed] 12
Germany (Media Control Charts)[41] 3
Netherlands (Single Top 100)[42] 68
Switzerland (Schweizer Hitparade)[43] 52

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Singles". Amadian. Retrieved 1 March 2009. 
  2. ^ "Information about the single". Tubular-World.com. Retrieved 29 March 2008. 
  3. ^ Oldfield albums part 2 at the Wayback Machine (archived 15 February 2008). Toucan Solutions. Retrieved 29 March 2008.
  4. ^ (German) Archiv Sendung vom 02.04.2008, kulturplatz, Mike Oldfield video interview at the Wayback Machine (archived 14 April 2008). SF 1. 2 April 2008. Retrieved 8 April 2008.
  5. ^ "Rare Tracks Part 1". Ommadawn.net. Retrieved 29 March 2008. 
  6. ^ "Is Moonlight Shadow about the murder of John Lennon?". Experts123.com. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  7. ^ "FAQ (Frequently Asked Questions)". Tubular.net. Retrieved 3 July 2011. 
  8. ^ "Forum – ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts – CHART POSITIONS PRE 1989". Australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  9. ^ "Mike Oldfield – Moonlight Shadow – Austriancharts.at" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  10. ^ "Ultratop.be – Mike Oldfield – Moonlight Shadow" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  11. ^ (Dutch) "Moonlight Shadow – MIKE OLDFIELD & MAGGIE REILLY". Top 30. Retrieved 1 May 2014. "Hoogste notering in de top 30 : 1" 
  12. ^ "Song artist 692 – Mike Oldfield". TsorT. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  13. ^ (French) "InfoDisc : Tous les Titres par Artiste". InfoDisc. Select "Mike Oldfield" from the artist drop-down menu. Retrieved 14 June 2013. 
  14. ^ "Mike Oldfield – Moonlight Shadow". Officialcharts.de. GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  15. ^ "The Irish Charts – All there is to know". Irishcharts.ie. Search "10 July 1983" then click "find it". Retrieved 31 May 2014. 
  16. ^ (Italian) "SINGOLI – I NUMERI UNO (1959-2006) (parte 3: 1980-1990)". It-charts.150m.com. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  17. ^ "Nederlandse Top 40 – Mike Oldfield - Moonlight Shadow search results" (in Dutch) Dutch Top 40. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  18. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Mike Oldfield – Moonlight Shadow" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  19. ^ "Charts.org.nz – Mike Oldfield – Moonlight Shadow". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  20. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Mike Oldfield – Moonlight Shadow". VG-lista. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  21. ^ (Polish) "MOONLIGHT SHADOW – Mike Oldfield & Maggie Reilly". LP3. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  22. ^ "South African Rock Lists Website SA Charts 1969 – 1989 Acts (O)". Rock.co.za. Retrieved 4 June 2013. 
  23. ^ (Spanish) Salaverri, Fernando (September 2005). Sólo éxitos: año a año, 1959–2002 (1st ed.). Spain: Fundación Autor-SGAE. ISBN 84-8048-639-2. 
  24. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Mike Oldfield – Moonlight Shadow". Singles Top 60. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  25. ^ "Mike Oldfield – Moonlight Shadow – swisscharts.com". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  26. ^ "Archive Chart" UK Singles Chart. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  27. ^ "Forum – ARIA Charts: Special Occasion Charts – Top 100 End of Year AMR Charts – 1980s". Australian-charts.com. Hung Medien. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  28. ^ (German) "Jahreshitparade 1983". Austriancharts.at. Hung Medien. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  29. ^ (Dutch) "Jaaroverzichten 1983". Ultratop. Hung Medien. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  30. ^ (French) "TOP – 1983". Top-france.fr. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  31. ^ (German) "Jahrescharts – 1983". Officialcharts.de. GfK Entertainment. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  32. ^ (Italian) "I singoli più venduti del 1983". Hit Parade Italia. Creative Commons. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  33. ^ (Dutch) "Single Top 100 1983" (PDF). Dutch Top 40. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  34. ^ (Dutch) "Jaaroverzichten – Single 1983". Single Top 100. Hung Medien. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  35. ^ (German) "Schweizer Jahreshitparade 1983". Hitparade.ch. Hung Medien. Retrieved 1 May 2014. 
  36. ^ "Vacanze di Natale". Retrieved 17 October 2011. 
  37. ^ "Dave Angel – Eco Warrior". BBC Online. 21 January 2003. Retrieved 22 December 2012. 
  38. ^ "Australian-charts.com – Groove Coverage – Moonlight Shadow". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  39. ^ "Groove Coverage – Moonlight Shadow – Austriancharts.at" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  40. ^ "Ultratop.be – Groove Coverage – Moonlight Shadow" (in Dutch). Ultratop 50. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  41. ^ "Die ganze Musik im Internet: Charts, News, Neuerscheinungen, Tickets, Genres, Genresuche, Genrelexikon, Künstler-Suche, Musik-Suche, Track-Suche, Ticket-Suche – musicline.de" (in German). Media Control Charts. PhonoNet GmbH. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  42. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Groove Coverage – Moonlight Shadow" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved 1 May 2014.
  43. ^ "Groove Coverage – Moonlight Shadow – swisscharts.com". Swiss Singles Chart. Retrieved 1 May 2014.

External links[edit]