Moore, Oklahoma

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Moore, Oklahoma
City
Official seal of Moore, Oklahoma
Seal
Location of Moore, Oklahoma within the state of Oklahoma and Cleveland County.
Location of Moore, Oklahoma within the state of Oklahoma and Cleveland County.
Coordinates: 35°20′20″N 97°29′15″W / 35.33889°N 97.48750°W / 35.33889; -97.48750Coordinates: 35°20′20″N 97°29′15″W / 35.33889°N 97.48750°W / 35.33889; -97.48750
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Cleveland
Founded 1889
Incorporated 1893
Government
 • Mayor Glenn Lewis
 • City Manager Stephen Eddy
Area
 • Total 21.9 sq mi (56.7 km2)
 • Land 21.7 sq mi (56.3 km2)
 • Water 0.1 sq mi (0.4 km2)
Elevation 1,253 ft (382 m)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Total 55,081
 • Estimate (2012[2]) 57,810
 • Density 2,477.6/sq mi (954.9/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP codes 73160, 73170 [3]
Area code(s) 405
FIPS code 40-49200
GNIS feature ID 1095494 [4]
Website City Website

Moore is a city in Cleveland County, Oklahoma, United States[5] and is part of the Oklahoma City metropolitan area. The population was 55,081 at the 2010 census, making it the seventh largest city in the state of Oklahoma.

Located between Oklahoma City and Norman, the city has been the site of several devastating tornadoes, with those occurring in 1999 and 2013 receiving national attention. The city was also damaged by other tornadoes in 1998, 2003, and 2010.

History[edit]

The Moore post office was established May 27, 1889 during the Land Run of 1889 and was named for Al Moore, an Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway employee. According to the town history he was a "conductor or a brakeman, lived in a boxcar at the camp and had difficulty receiving his mail. He painted his name - "Moore" - on a board and nailed it on the boxcar. When a postmaster was appointed, he continued to call the settlement Moore. When the town incorporated in 1893 the name was legalized."[6][7]

The city's history notes that the community before the post office may have been called "Verbeck" by the railroad.[6] However other histories indicate that Verbeck was actually the original name of the nearby telegraph station "Oklahoma" which became the basis for the founding of Oklahoma City.[8]

The community remained small until 1961 when it annexed 21.6 square miles becoming a full fledged city in 1962 which in turn increased its population from 1,221 in 1960 to 18,761 in 1970 and 55,081 in 2010.[6] Moore's 1961 annexation kept it an independent city at time when Oklahoma City through annexations increased its size from 25 square miles to 643 square miles surrounding Moore on three sides (north, east, west). Norman, Oklahoma forms its southern border.[9]

In 1966 the Hillsdale Free Will Baptist College after moving through various locations around Oklahoma, opened in the community.

The Moore post office turned into a branch of the Oklahoma City post office on January 7, 1972.[7]

In the 1970s the city launched a "Smile America" campaign in which giant red, white and blue Smileys were painted on the town water towers. A smiley also adorns the city's official logo (as does a water tower).[10] Some of the water towers now have a sign that says, "Moore - Home of Toby Keith."[11][12]

Damage from tornadoes[edit]

The city of Moore was damaged by significant tornadoes on October 4, 1998; May 3, 1999; May 8, 2003; May 10, 2010; and May 20, 2013. Moore is located in Tornado Alley, a colloquial term for the area of the United States where tornadoes are most frequent. About 20 tornadoes occurred in the immediate vicinity of Moore from 1890 to 2013.[13] The deadliest one was in 1999.

1999 tornado[edit]

The May 3, 1999, tornado that hit Moore, which was rated an F5 on the Fujita scale, was the most costly tornado in history at the time (not adjusted for changes in inflation and population).[14] The tornado, which occurred during the 1999 Oklahoma tornado outbreak, had an approximate recorded wind speed of 302 mph (486 km/h) as sampled by mobile Doppler radar,[15] the highest wind speed ever recorded on Earth. It left a swath of destruction over 1 mile (1.6 km) wide at times, and 38 miles (60 km) long. It killed a total of 36 people in the Oklahoma City metropolitan area. This was the deadliest F5 tornado recorded since the Delhi, Louisiana tornado in 1971 until this mark was eclipsed by several tornadoes in 2011.

2013 tornado[edit]

2013 tornado southwest of Moore
Aerial view of 2013 Moore tornado damage
Main article: 2013 Moore tornado

On May 20, 2013, parts of Moore and neighboring Newcastle and southern Oklahoma City, were affected by a violent tornado.[16] Classified as EF5, it had estimated wind speeds of 200–210 mph (320–340 km/h), a maximum width of 1.3 miles (2 km), and a path length of 17 miles (30 km).[17][18] Entire subdivisions were destroyed; the tornado struck Briarwood and Plaza Towers elementary schools in Moore, while school was in session. The Oklahoma Medical Examiner's office reported that 24 people were killed, including 10 children. Over 140 patients, including at least 70 children, were treated at hospitals following the tornado.[19] It was the deadliest U.S. tornado since the Joplin, Missouri tornado that killed 158 people in 2011.[20]


Geography[edit]

Moore is located just south of Oklahoma City and north of Norman, Oklahoma, in Central Oklahoma. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 21.9 square miles (56.7 km2), of which 21.7 square miles (56.2 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.3 km2) is water.

The city lies in the Sandstone Hills region of Oklahoma, known for hills, blackjack oak, and post oak.[21]

Climate[edit]

Moore has a humid subtropical climate with frequent variations in weather during part of the year and consistently hot summers. Prolonged and severe droughts often lead to wildfires and heavy rainfall often leads to flash flooding and flooding. Consistent winds, usually from the south or south-southeast during the summer, help temper the hotter weather. Consistent northerly winds during the winter can intensify cold periods. Severe ice storms and snowstorms happen sporadically during the winter.

The city is located in Tornado Alley and is subject to frequent and severe tornadoes and hailstorms. The Oklahoma City metropolitan area is one of the most tornado-prone major cities in the world.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900 129
1910 225 74.4%
1920 254 12.9%
1930 538 111.8%
1940 499 −7.2%
1950 942 88.8%
1960 1,221 29.6%
1970 19,761 1,518.4%
1980 35,063 77.4%
1990 40,318 15.0%
2000 41,138 2.0%
2010 55,081 33.9%
Est. 2012 57,810 [22] 5.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[23]

As of the 2000 census, there were 41,138 people, 14,848 households, and 11,566 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,892.8 people per square mile (730.9/km²). There were 15,801 housing units at an average density of 727.0 per square mile (280.8/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 84.63% White, 2.92% Black, 4.14% Native American, 1.62% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.75% from other races, and 4.89% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.10% of the population.

There were 14,848 households out of which 41.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.4% were married couples living together, 13.3% had a female householder with no husband present, and 22.1% were non-families. 18.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.75 and the average family size was 3.13.

In the city the population was spread out with 29.4% under the age of 18, 9.3% from 18 to 24, 32.5% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 7.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 93.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 90.6 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $43,409, and the median income for a family was $47,773. Males had a median income of $33,394 versus $24,753 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,689. About 6.3% of families and 7.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 11.6% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

Higher education[edit]

The only post-secondary school physically within Moore is the Hillsdale Free Will Baptist College which has an enrollment of about 225. Moore's neighbor immediately to the south is Norman, Oklahoma, home of the University of Oklahoma. The Moore Norman Technology Center is a public career and technology education center. Its campuses however are outside of Moore in Norman and South Oklahoma City.

Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Moore Public Schools has 3 high schools: Moore, Southmoore, Westmoore; 5 junior high schools: Brink, Central, Highland East, Highland West, Moore West; and 22 elementary schools: Apple Creek, Briarwood, Broadmoore, Bryant, Earlywine, Eastlake, Fairview, Fisher, Heritage Trails, Houchin, Kelley, Kingsgate, Northmoor, Oakridge, Plaza Towers, Red Oak, Santa Fe, Sky Ranch, Sooner, Southgate-Rippetoe, Wayland Bonds and Winding Creek.

On May 20, 2013, while classes were in progress, several of Moore's schools were damaged or destroyed by the 2013 Moore Tornado, most notably Plaza Towers Elementary and Briarwood Elementary. However, these schools are being rebuilt and will reopen for the 2014-15 school year.

Libraries[edit]

Moore is served by the Moore Public Library, which is part of the Pioneer Library System.[24]

Media[edit]

Two media outlets focus on the Moore community. Moore Monthly publishes a free monthly print publication while its website provides daily stories and videos about Moore, Norman and south Oklahoma City. The other media outlet is the Moore American.

Moore Veterans Memorial[edit]

The City of Moore has funded the construction of a memorial to honor America's veterans and their families. The City renamed JD Estates Park to Veterans Memorial Park and at the entrance to that park, a memorial is being constructed.

The main feature of the memorial is a 15' black, granite obelisk that has the following inscription on it "May this hallowed ground honor the sacrifice of America's finest veterans, civilians, and their families- past, present, and future. We will never forget." Another major feature of the memorial are five black, granite tablets with the seal of the five branches of the service. At the center of the memorial is a flag plaza with a 30' foot pole for the American flag and two 25' poles for the Oklahoma flag and the POW/MIA flag. The flag plaza is surrounded by a polished concrete walking area with a stained 5 pointed star stretching the entire width and height of the walking area. The memorial also features beautiful landscaping.

A committee was formed to plan the second phase of the Moore Veterans Memorial. A campaign to sell bricks to be placed in the memorial was completed in early 2009. Over 190 bricks were purchased by supporters from the community and surrounding areas. The bricks were placed in the Memorial Wall and Phase II completed in May 2009.

The Soldiers' Memorial was dedicated on May 15, 2010. It consists of four carved, wooden soldiers representing the four major wars since the end of World War I. They include World War II, Korea, Vietnam, and the Afghanistan/Iraq War.[25]

After being destroyed by the May 2013 tornado, the park won the title of "America's Favorite Park"[26] in an online competition sponsored by Coca-Cola, beating out numerous other parks from around the country. First prize was a $100,000 grant, which was combined with other funds to cover the estimated $200,000 in rebuilding expenses. The first steps toward rebuilding began in November 2013, during a groundbreaking ceremony and the awarding of the grant to Mayor Glenn Lewis.[27] The park's playgrounds are estimated to be open to the public in mid-May 2014.[28]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-07-06. 
  2. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013-05-29. 
  3. ^ United States Postal Service (2012). "USPS - Look Up a ZIP Code". Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  5. ^ "Geographic Names Information System". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  6. ^ a b c "A Brief History of Moore". City of Moore. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  7. ^ a b Oklahoma Place Names - Georg Shirk - Google Books. Books.google.com. 1972-01-07. Retrieved 2013-05-23. 
  8. ^ Kelley, E. H. "WHEN OKLAHOMA CITY WAS SEYMOUR AND VERBECK," Chronicles of Oklahoma. (accessed October 2, 2013)
  9. ^ http://www.okchistory.com/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=138:explosive-growth&catid=40:events&Itemid=77
  10. ^ http://www.triptrivia.com/step4.php?Submit=Submit&State=37&StartCity=14886
  11. ^ http://music.yahoo.com/blogs/our-country/toby-keith-expresses-sorrow-over-hometown-tornado-devastation-162412199.html
  12. ^ http://www.thelostogle.com/2010/03/25/page-3-why-your-city-sucks-moore/
  13. ^ Moore, Oklahoma Tornadoes (1890-Present)
  14. ^ Brooks, Harold E.; C. A. Doswell III (February 2001). "Normalized Damage from Major Tornadoes in the United States: 1890–1999". Wea. Forecast. 16 (1): 168–76. doi:10.1175/1520-0434(2001)016<0168:NDFMTI>2.0.CO;2. 
  15. ^ Wurman, Joshua; C. Alexander; P. Robinson; Y. Richardson (January 2007). "Low-Level Winds in Tornadoes and Potential Catastrophic Tornado Impacts in Urban Areas". Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society (American Meteorological Society) 88 (1): 31–46. Bibcode:2007BAMS...88...31W. doi:10.1175/BAMS-88-1-31. Retrieved 15 November 2013. 
  16. ^ Deadly tornado strikes near Oklahoma City
  17. ^ "NWSChat". NOAA. Retrieved 21 May 2013. 
  18. ^ "Mile-wide tornado touches down near Oklahoma City, causing damage for second day in a row". Fox News. May 20, 2013. 
  19. ^ "Hospitals treat more than 140 after Oklahoma tornado, including 70 children". New Haven Register. Associated Press. Retrieved May 21, 2013. 
  20. ^ Gillam, Carey; Simpson, Ian (May 21, 2013). "Whole neighborhoods razed by Oklahoma tornado that killed 24". Reuters. Retrieved May 22, 2013. 
  21. ^ Oklahoma Geography, NetState.com. (accessed October 1, 2013)
  22. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". Retrieved May 29, 2013. 
  23. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Retrieved May 29, 2013. 
  24. ^ Pioneer Library System (accessed May 24, 2013)
  25. ^ [1][dead link]
  26. ^ http://www.livepositively.com/community/america-is-your-park/
  27. ^ http://www.coca-colacompany.com/coming-together/breaking-ground-and-reopening-happiness-in-moore-okla
  28. ^ http://mooremonthly.com/news/new-themed-playgrounds-for-veterans-memorial-park

External links[edit]