Entrance to Moorgate
Location of Moorgate in Central London
|Local authority||City of London|
|Managed by||London Underground|
|Number of platforms||10 (8 in use)|
|London Underground annual entry and exit|
|National Rail annual entry and exit|
|— interchange||1.294 million|
|— interchange||0.284 million|
|— interchange||0.620 million|
|— interchange||0.558 million|
|Lists of stations|
| London Transport portal
UK Railways portalCoordinates:
Moorgate station is a central London railway terminus and connected London Underground station on Moorgate in the City of London. Weekday mainline railway services for Hertford, Welwyn Garden City and Letchworth are operated by First Capital Connect, while the Underground station is served by the Circle, Hammersmith & City, Metropolitan and Northern lines.
The station was opened in 1865 by the Metropolitan Railway. In 1900 the City & South London Railway added the station to its network, under the name Moorgate Street, and the Great Northern & City Railway began serving the station in 1904. In 1975 it was the site of the Moorgate tube crash in which 43 people were killed—the worst accident in the history of the London Underground.
Location and layout
The station has entrances on both Moorgate itself and Moorfields, which runs parallel.
While the public entrances from the street give access to all the train services at the station, there are three distinct levels.
Sub surface platforms
The Circle, Hammersmith & City and Metropolitan lines of the Underground system all use platforms 1 and 2, which are through platforms. For turning trains back at busy times, there are platforms 3 and 4 which are west-facing bays. Adjacent to these are platforms 5 and 6 of the former Thameslink trains service from Bedford and Luton. These are disused following the closure of the Moorgate branch from Farringdon junction as part of the Thameslink programme.
Deep level tube platforms
The Northern line of the Underground uses platforms 7 and 8, which are in a deep-level tube section of the station.
Deep level main line platforms
National Rail services on the Northern City Line use platforms 9 and 10, which are terminal platforms. Weekday train services run via the East Coast Main Line to Welwyn Garden City, and via Hertford North to Stevenage or Letchworth .
Increasing traffic by other companies, including goods traffic, led to the track between King's Cross and Moorgate being widened to four tracks in 1868; the route was called the 'City Widened Lines'. Suburban services from the Midland Railway via Kentish Town and the Great Northern Railway via Kings Cross. British Rail services to Moorgate were initially steam operated before being converted to Cravens-built diesel multiple units and British Rail Class 31 locomotives class hauling non-corridor stock which remained in operation until the mid-1970s.
The Northern line platforms were opened by the City & South London Railway (C&SLR) as "Moorgate Street" in February 1900 and formed the northern terminus of its services from Stockwell south of the River Thames. The line was extended to Angel the following year.
The Northern City Line to Moorgate was opened by the Great Northern & City Railway (GN&CR) in February 1904 offering a service to Finsbury Park. The route was constructed in tube tunnels, but they were constructed at a diameter capable of accommodating main line trains (in contrast to the majority of London tube tunnels which are much smaller). However the planned through services to the Great Northern Railway's main line were never implemented, and the route remained a simple short route between Moorgate and Finsbury Park, later cut back to run between Moorgate and Drayton Park only due to Victoria Line construction in the 1960s.
Moorgate station was completely modernised at platform level and street level in the 1960s, and the Widened Lines part of the station was extended to six platforms.
43 people were killed and 74 seriously injured in the Moorgate tube crash on 28 February 1975 when a southbound Northern City Line train crashed into buffers at the end of the line at the station inside a tunnel beyond the platform. It was the greatest loss of life on the Underground during peacetime and the worst ever train accident on the system.
British Rail took over control of the Northern City Line from London Underground in 1975, as part of the Great Northern lines suburban electrification. The Highbury Branch of the Northern line was terminated. Services from Finsbury Park to Moorgate were diverted to the Northern City Line from the City Widened Lines the following year. The City Widened Lines were renamed the Moorgate line when overhead electrification was installed in 1982, allowing the Midland City Line service to run from Bedford via the Midland Main Line to Moorgate on the Thameslink service. The Moorgate Thameslink branch closed permanently in December 2009 as part of the £6billion Thameslink programme, however as of late October 2013, there is still a sign over Platform 2 with 'Trains to Bedford' and an arrow pointing to the now disused platforms.
Trains do not serve the Northern City Line during late evenings and at weekends, being diverted to London Kings Cross instead.
Trains using the deep level Northern City Line platforms (9 and 10) are supplied with 750 V DCtraction current via the third rail, overseen by York Electrical Control Room. Signalling is Track Circuit Block, Colour light signals with tripcock mechanisms, controlled by Kings Cross PSB.
The former sub surface Thameslink bay platforms (5 and 6) were equipped with 25 kV AC overhead line equipment, overseen by York Electrical Control Room. Signalling was Track Circuit Block, Multiple aspect colour light signals, controlled by Westhampstead PSB.
Crossrail is being built as a new west-east route under central London.
Under the Crossrail plans, the western ticket hall of Crossrail's Liverpool Street station will be situated just east of Moorgate station. An interchange will be built, which will thus link Moorgate to the Central line at Liverpool Street.
Moorgate currently has the following National Rail services off-peak Monday - Friday (all operated by First Capital Connect):
- 3tph to Welwyn Garden City via Potters Bar
- 3tph to Hertford North (1tph extended to Letchworth Garden City)
No National Rail trains operate to Moorgate on Saturdays and Sundays.
- "Customer metrics: entries and exits: 2010". London Underground performance update. Transport for London. Retrieved 26 December 2012.
- "Multi-year station entry-and-exit figures" (XLS). London Underground station passenger usage data. Transport for London. 2014. Retrieved 27 July 2014.
- "Station usage estimates". Rail statistics. Office of Rail Regulation. Please note: Some methodology may vary year on year.
- Rolt, L.T.C.; Kichenside, Geoffrey M. (1982) . Red for Danger (4th ed.). Newton Abbot: David & Charles. p. 298. ISBN 0-7153-8362-0.
- Network Rail (April 2001). South Zone Sectional Appendix. Module SO. p. SO280 1/119. SO/SA/001A. (Retrieved 2011-12-10)
- Network Rail (December 2006). London North Eastern Route Sectional Appendix. Module LN2. p. LN105 41. SO/SA/001A. (Retrieved 2014-04-12)
- Wallis, Shani, ed. (May 2009). "Typical layout of the mined underground stations (diagram)". Crossrail management mobilized. Tunnel Talk. Archived from the original on 2009-05-23.
- Nicholas, Dean (19 November 2010). "Crossrail, As It May Appear On The Tube Map". Londonist. Archived from the original on 2010-11-21.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Moorgate station.|
- London Transport Museum Photographic Archive Moorgate station building in 1915.
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
|Hammersmith & City line||
|Old Street||First Capital Connect
Northern City Line
|Barbican||First Capital Connect
|Abandoned Northern Heights proposal|
|Preceding station||London Underground||Following station|
towards Bushey Heath
towards Alexandra Palace