Moorooduc Quarry Flora and Fauna Reserve
The Moorooduc Quarry Flora and Fauna Reserve is located in Mount Eliza, Victoria, Australia and occupies approximately 27 hectares of land. There are entrances to the reserve located on Allison Road, Canadian Bay Road, Two Bays Road and Station Street near the Moorooduc Railway Station.
Rock was quarried using explosives, loaded into dobbin carts and taken to a steam powered crusher. The resulting crushed stone was loaded into larger carts and transported to the Mornington railway line via a spur-line.
- 1887 - The Moorooduc quarry was established by David Munro.
- 1888 - A spur-line was built from the quarry to the site which is now Moorooduc station to transport stone and ballast for the construction of a branch line between Baxter and Mornington.
- 1923 - The Frankston - Hastings Shire Council purchased the site. Stone from the quarry continued to be used for ballasting railway lines and other uses including building, road construction and repairs to the Mornington Reservoir.
- 1927 - Electricity was introduced and the steam powered crusher which used local timber for fuel was superseded by an electrical crusher.
- 1932 - Stone from the quarry was used in the construction of stables and garden walls at Cruden Farm owned by Keith Murdoch, father of Rupert Murdoch.
- 1935 - The cartage of stone by rail was replaced with trucks.
- 1950s - Stone from Moorooduc quarry featured in houses built in Gulls Way, designed by David Chancellor and W. Rex Patrick.
- 1961 - The quarry was closed due to flooding. Continuing to fill with water the quarry became a popular swimming spot.
- 1973 - Frankston Council designated the area a Flora and Fauna Reserve.
- 1986 - The movie Frog Dreaming was filmed at the site of the quarry.
After a period of neglect community interest transformed the site into a beautiful nature reserve, one of the best on the Mornington Peninsula.
The Moorooduc Quarry Flora and Fauna Reserve is located within the boundaries of the Mornington Peninsula and Western Port Biosphere Reserve.
There are several walking tracks throughout the reserve. One track encircles the high cliffs of the quarry and another the lake at the base of the cliffs. Following the path from Station Street will take you past ruins of an explosives store. Rock climbing and abseiling were quite popular in the reserve but is now strictly prohibited.
An Australian Government report shows that the Moorooduc Quarry Flora and Fauna Reserve failed to receive Australian Heritage status:
- List: Register of the National Estate
- Class: Natural
- Legal Status: Rejected Place
- Place ID: 5822
- Place File No: 2/18/023/0002
- Statement of Significance: Not of sufficient significance to warrant entry in the Register.
A copy of the report can be found in the Australian Heritage Database.
Four species of Eucalyptus and four species of Acacia dominate the reserve. Most botanically significant is the diversity and abundance of indigenous native grasses and wildflowers. More than thirty species of orchids have been documented in the reserve. Several of these are classified as of State or Regional Significance.
Flora found in the reserve:
- Austral indigo - Indigofera australis 
- Maidenhair fern
- Manna gum 
- Cherry ballarat
At least 45 native species of birds have been recorded as breeding in the reserve and many other species visit to feed or rest. Waterbirds are often seen on the quarry lake. Several bat species have been recorded and (supposedly) rare sightings of koalas. The quarry lake and surrounding ponds and dams are home to small to microscopic aquatic creatures and various frogs.
Birds found in the reserve:
- Australasian grebe Tachybaptus novaehollandiae
- Australian magpie Gymnorhina tibicen
- Australian pelican Pelecanus conspicillatus
- Australian white ibis Threskiornis molucca
- Australian wood duck Chenonetta jubata
- Bell miner Manorina melanophrys
- Black-faced cuckooshrike Coracina novaehollandiae
- Brown falcon Falco berigora
- Brown goshawk Accipter fasciatus
- Brown thornbill Acanthiza pusilla
- Clamorous reed warbler Acrocephalus stentoreus
- Common blackbird Turdus merula
- Common bronzewing Phaps chalcoptera
- Common myna Acridotheres tristis
- Common starling Sturnus vulgaris
- Crested pigeon Ocyphaps lophotes
- Crested shrike-tit Falcunculus frontatus
- Crimson rosella Platycercus elegans
- Dusky moorhen Gallinula tenebrosa
- Dusky woodswallow Artamus cyanopterus
- Eastern rosella Platycercus eximius
- Eastern spinebill Acanthorhynchus tenuirostris
- Eastern yellow robin Eopsaltria australis
- Eurasian coot Fulica atra
- European goldfinch Carduelis carduelis
- Fan-tailed cuckoo Cacomantis pyrrhophanus
- Galah Cacatua roseicapilla
- Golden whistler Pachycephala pectoralis
- Grey butcherbird Craticus torquatus
- Grey currawong Strepera versicolor
- Grey fantail Rhipidura fuliginosa
- Grey shrike-thrush Colluricincla harmonica
- Hardhead Aythya australis
- Hoary-headed grebe Poliocephalus poliocephalus
- Horsfield's bronze cuckoo Chrysococcyx basalis
- House sparrow Passer domesticus
- Laughing kookaburra Dacelo novaeguineae
- Little pied cormorant Phalacrocorax melanoleucos
- Little raven Corvus mellori
- Little wattlebird Anthochaera chrysoptera
- Magpie-lark Grallina cyanoleuca
- Mallard Anas platyrhynchos
- Mistletoebird Dicaeum hirundinaceum
- New Holland honeyeater Phylidonyris novaehollandiae
- Noisy miner Manorina melanocephala
- Olive-backed oriole Oriolus sagittatus
- Pacific black duck Anas superciliosa
- Pacific gull Larus pacificus
- Pallid cuckoo Culculus pallidus
- Peregrine falcon Falco peregrinus
- Purple swamphen Porphyrio porphyrio
- Rainbow lorikeet Trichoglossus haematodus
- Red wattlebird Anthochaera carunculata
- Red-browed finch Neochmia temporalis
- Richard's pipit Anthus novaeseelandiae
- Rock dove Columba livia
- Rufous fantail Rhipidura rufifrons
- Rufous whistler Pachycephala rufiventris
- Satin flycatcher Myiagra cyanoleuca
- Shining bronze cuckoo Chrysococcyx lucidus
- Silver gull Larus novaehollandiae
- Silvereye Zosterops lateralis
- Skylark Alauda arvensis
- Spotted pardalote Pardalotus punctatus
- Spotted turtle dove Streptopelia chinensis
- Straw-necked ibis Threskiornis spinicollis
- Striated pardalote Pardalotus striatus
- Striated thornbill Acanthiza lineata
- Sulphur-crested cockatoo Cacatua galerita
- Superb fairywren Malurus cyaneus
- Tawny frogmouth Podargus strigoides
- Varied sittella Daphoenositta chrysoptera
- Welcome swallow Hirundo neoxena
- Whistling kite Haliastur sphenurus
- White-browed scrubwren Sericornis frontalis
- White-eared honeyeater Lichenostomus leucotis
- White-faced heron Egretta novaehollandiae
- White-naped honeyeater Melithreptus lunatus
- White-plumed honeyeater Lichenostomus penicillatus
- Willie wagtail Rhipidura leucophrys
- Yellow-faced honeyeater Lichenostomus chrysops
Mammals found in the reserve:
Reptiles found in the reserve:
Environmental weeds pose a serious threat to the survival of native flora and fauna in the reserve. Erosion is another issue of concern. Regeneration and revegetation works are slowly overcoming this problem.
Pest plants found in the reserve:
- Frog Dreaming
- Moorooduc Station
- Mornington Peninsula
- Mornington Railway
- Mount Eliza
- "Moorooduc Quarry Reserve (entry AHD5822)". Australian Heritage Database. Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities.
- Prepared by Graeme Butler and Associates. "Cruden Farm - Stage 2 - Frankston City (East) Heritage Study 1997 - Volume 3". web.archive.org. Retrieved 2014-08-30.
- "APII database extract: photo_class = 'a' and photo_no = '15768'". anbg.gov.au. Retrieved 2014-08-30.
- A Priceless Flora & Fauna Reserve - Mount Eliza Association for Environmental Care
- Photo of the Moorooduc Quarry Lake & Map
- Photo of the Ruins of an explosives store at Moorooduc Quarry & Map
- Photo of Moorooduc Quarry taken in 1935
- Coastal Arts - Includes architecture featuring quarry stone
- Mornington Railway Preservation Society
- BAYBOCA - Moorooduc Quarry Birdlists
- Mornington Peninsula Tourism Official Website
- Friends of Mount Eliza Regional Park
- Cruden Farm