Mopti Region

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Mopti Region
Region
Location within Mali
Location within Mali
Coordinates: 14°29′54″N 3°11′9″W / 14.49833°N 3.18583°W / 14.49833; -3.18583Coordinates: 14°29′54″N 3°11′9″W / 14.49833°N 3.18583°W / 14.49833; -3.18583
Country  Mali
Capital Mopti
Area
 • Total 79,017 km2 (30,509 sq mi)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total 2,037,330
 • Density 26/km2 (67/sq mi)
Time zone UTC (UTC±0)

Mopti is the fifth administrative region of Mali, covering 79,017 km2. Its capital is the city of Mopti. During the 2012 Northern Mali conflict, the frontier between Southern Mali which is controlled by the central government and the rebel-held North ran through Mopti Region.[2]

Geography[edit]

Mopti Region is bordered by Tombouctou Region to the north, Ségou Region to the southwest, and Burkina Faso to the southeast.

The population in the 2009 census was 2,037,330. The region contains a number of ethnic groups including Bozo, Songhai, Dogon, Fulani and Bambara.

The Niger River crosses the region, and is joined by the Bani, an important tributary, at the city of Mopti.

The region is separated into several areas: the Inland Niger Delta around Mopti, the Bandiagara cliffs and the plain of Bankass along the Burkina Faso frontier. Mount Hombori, the highest point in Mali at 1153 meters, is in the Mopti Region, near the city of the same name.

In terms of its climate, Mopti Region is considered part of the Sahel.

The largest towns of the region are Mopti, Sévaré (which lies within Mopti Commune), Djenné, Bandiagara, Bankass and Youwarou.

Transportation and Economy[edit]

An airport at Mopti provides air service for the region, while the Niger River provides transportation to Koulikoro and Ségou to the west and Tombouctou and Gao to the east.

The region is well-irrigated and its agriculture is well-developed, with particularly successful fishing. Mopti serves as an important commercial crossroads between Mali's north, south and bordering nations. Tourism is also well-developed, notably in the cities of Djenné and Mopti (the former of which boasts the Great Mosque of Djenné, the largest mud structure in the world) and in Dogon country.

History[edit]

Though Mopti's location, once a Bozo village named Sanga, had long been inhabited, rapid expansion began under Seku Amadu's Massina Empire around 1820. Expansion continued under the Toucouleur Empire of El Hadj Umar Tall as well as the French colonial administration.

Culture[edit]

The region is a melting pot, made up of various ethnic groups which live in harmony with one another. Common languages of the area include Bambara, Dogon, Songhai, Bozo, Fulani and Tamashek.

Both the city of Djenné and the Bandiagara Escarpment have been named World Heritage Sites by UNESCO.

Administrative subdivisions[edit]

Cercles of the Mopti Region

Mopti is divided into 8 Cercles encompassing 108 communes:[3]

Cercle name Area (km2) Population
Census 1998
Population
Census 2009
Bandiagara 10,520 237,139 317,965
Bankass 9,054 195,582 263,446
Djenné 4,563 155,551 207,260
Douentza 23,481 155,831 247,794
Koro 10,937 267,579 361,944
Mopti 7,262 263,719 368,512
Ténenkou 11,297 127,237 163,641
Youwarou 7,139 81,963 106,768

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Resultats Provisoires RGPH 2009 (Région de Mopti) (in French), République de Mali: Institut National de la Statistique 
  2. ^ Mali: Mopti, the last frontier before Sharia law, France 24, 4 October 2012 
  3. ^ Communes de la Région de Mopti (in French), Ministère de l’administration territoriale et des collectivités locales, République du Mali .

External links[edit]

This article was significantly expanded from the corresponding article from the French Wikipedia, retrieved on July 10, 2005.