Morąg

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Morąg
Town view
Town view
Flag of Morąg
Flag
Coat of arms of Morąg
Coat of arms
Morąg is located in Poland
Morąg
Morąg
Coordinates: 53°55′N 19°56′E / 53.917°N 19.933°E / 53.917; 19.933
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Warmian-Masurian
County Ostróda
Gmina Morąg
Established 13th century
Town rights 1327
Government
 • Mayor Tadeusz Zbigniew Sobierajski
Area
 • Total 12.17 km2 (4.70 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 14,497
 • Density 1,200/km2 (3,100/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 14-300, 14-331
Area code(s) +48 89
Car plates NOS
Website http://www.morag.pl

Morąg [ˈmɔrɔŋk] (German: Mohrungen (Ltspkr.png listen)) is a town in northern Poland in Ostróda County in the Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship about 60 km (37.28 mi) south of the Polish - Russian border. The nearest city is Olsztyn, 44 km to the southeast.

History[edit]

The settlement existed as an Old Prussian town known under the name of Mawrin, Maurin or Morin.[1] A new town was built on its place by the invading Teutonic Knights after they destroyed the original settlement. It was given the name Mohrungen and in 1327 attained Kulm law from Hermann von Oettingen. The original inhabitants of the town were emigrants from the southern Harz in central Germany.[citation needed] The War between the Teutonic Order and Poland saw the town incinerated completely in 1414. Mohrungen was occupied by the Grand Duchy of Lithuania and the Kingdom of Poland from 1410 to 1461.

Mohrungen was on a shipping commerce line connecting Truso with harbors at the Black Sea. Agriculture and commerce was the primary occupations in the town. It was known as a cattle and grain market.[2]

U.S. Soldiers familiarize members of the Polish military with preventive maintenance for Patriot missile systems in Morąg, June 1, 2010.

From 1525 to 1701 Mohrungen was part of Ducal Prussia and became part of the Kingdom of Prussia in 1701. It was the seat of the district administration of Landkreis Mohrungen since 1752. An earthquake struck the town in 1818. Until 1945 Mohrungen belonged to Germany. After World War II the local populace was expelled and the town became part of Poland as Morąg.

Since May 2010 the town is the garrison of a US Army Patriot Missile Defense battery.[3]

Sights[edit]

Main Square

After a fire in 1697 only the castle and the church, which was restored and rebuilt several times, survived. Following World War II in 1945 fires burnt about 45% of the town. Only the outer walls of the town hall remained.

  • The old castle of the Teutonic Knights is being excavated as more of it has been recently discovered.
  • The "Schlößchen" (Little Palace), which was mostly destroyed in the Second World War, was restored in 1986.
  • The main body of the Catholic church of Saint Peter and Saint Paul goes back to the first half of the 14th century.
  • The town hall, damaged in the Second World War, was rebuilt from 1947-1954 as it looked before.
  • Some ruins of the original town walls still remain.
  • Kretowiny (Kranthau), a popular lake and camp ground are only 9 km away and are a favorite and frequent retreat for the local population.
  • It has an impressive regional museum.[4]

Population[edit]

  • 1740: 1,067
  • 1782: 1,753
  • 1820: 2,108
  • 1880: 3,742
  • 1885: 3,879
  • 1890: 3,780
  • 1900: 4,025
  • 1910: 4,147
  • 1925: 4,934
  • 1933: 5,414
  • 2003: 14,570
  • 2010: 13,895[5]

Famous residents[edit]


Religion[edit]

Pastoral activity in the town is the Roman Catholic Church and the Pentecostal Church - Protestant community on the nature of the Gospel, as well as the Greek Orthodox Church and two congregations of Jehovah's witnesses use Kingdom Hall.[6][7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://www.morag.pl/historia.html
  2. ^ Cohen, Saul B., "The Columbia Gazetteer of the World." Columbia University Press, 1998.
  3. ^ Poland welcomes US soldiers, Patriot missiles
  4. ^ Bousfield, Jonathan and Salter, Mark, "The Rough Guide to Poland, 6th edition," Rough Guides, New York, 2008. Page 229.
  5. ^ The Population. The status and structure of the territorial section (as of 31 XII 2010). Warsaw: Central Statistical Office, 2011-06-10. ISSN 1734-6118.
  6. ^ A. Kopiczko, Panorama, religion of the Olsztyn after World War II, pp. 63, 64
  7. ^ According to reports data Search congregations (www.jw.org) from 13 October 2013.

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 53°55′N 19°56′E / 53.917°N 19.933°E / 53.917; 19.933