Mor Hananyo Monastery

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The Monastery of St. Ananias
Deyrulzaferan.jpg
Mor Hananyo Monastery is located in Turkey
Mor Hananyo Monastery
Magnify-clip.png
Location within Turkey
Monastery information
Other names Dayro d-Mor Hananyo
Order Syriac Orthodox Church
Established 493
Dedicated to Mor Hananyo
Controlled churches Church of the Mother of God, Beth Kadishe
People
Founder(s) Mor Shlemon
Site
Location Near Mardin, Turkey

Dayro d-Mor Hananyo (Syriac: ܕܝܪܐ ܕܡܪܝ ܚܢܢܝܐ; The Monastery of St. Ananias, Kurdish: Dêra Zehferanê) is an important Syriac Orthodox monastery.The monastery is located in the region known as Tur Abdin and is five kilometers east of Mardin in Turkey.

It is usually better known by its nickname, the 'Saffron Monastery' (Syriac: ܕܝܪܐ ܕܟܘܪܟܡܐ, Dairo d-Kurkmo; Arabic: دير الزعفران‎, Dairu 'l-Za‘farān) which is derived from the warm colour of its stone.

History[edit]

Dayro d-Mor Hananyo was founded in 493 by Mor Shlemon on the site of a sun worship temple that was converted into a citadel by the Romans. After the Romans withdrew from the fortress, Mor Shlemon transformed it into a monastery.[1] In 793 the monastery was renovated after a period of decline, by the Bishop of Mardin and Kfartuta, Mor Hananyo, who gave the monastery its current name.

The monastery was later abandoned and re-founded by the bishop of Mardin, John, who carried out important renovations before he died at the monastery on the 12th of July 1165.[2] From 1160 until 1932 it was the official seat of the patriarch of the Syriac Orthodox Church, afterwards it was moved to Damascus.

The monastery has 365 rooms - one for each day of the year.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 37°17′58″N 40°47′33″E / 37.2994°N 40.7926°E / 37.2994; 40.7926