According to the 2009 census (INE), the municipality has a population of 1,756 inhabitants. Mora de Rubielos has a beautiful 14th-century castle. Mora de Rubielos is the capital of the Comarca of Gúdar-Javalambre.
Location and climate The town of Mora de Rubielos located in the region of Alto Mijares Teruel is, Lozana Fuen banks of the river and at the foot of the Sierra de Gúdar. It is spread in three distinct population entities: the farmhouses, whose population is mainly immigrant is dying out; the Santa Lucia, Troy, The Aliagarico, plane, Cuba and The Masecicos, which retain their population; and finally, the town itself. It is at an altitude of 1035 m and has a dry climate with harsh winters and alternating with mild and mild summers, entering the so-called "mid-mountain climate." Its average annual temperature is 11.1 ° C and rainfall of 550 mm. History During the Middle Ages, the territory of Mora was reconquered by the troops of Alfonso II, being until making Rubielos in 1204 the most advanced position of the Christian forces against Muslims in the Kingdom of Valencia. He subsequently underwent a series of donations and sales; Pedro Thief in 1198 received the town and castle of hands of Pedro II, but his successor James I included it in the barony of Jérica, donating it to his natural son Don Jaime. Mora was occupied by the Spanish troops in the War of the two Pedros but returned to Aragonese hands in 1364, receiving the privilege of Pedro IV for which it undertook not to separate it from the crown. Such privilege was not taken into account, being the town and castle sold to the Viscount of Cardona, Don Hugo, who, in turn, sold to Don Blasco Fernandez de Heredia (II) in 1367. Finally, the lineage of the Fernandez de Heredia remained as owner of this population, taking charge of it in 1388 Lihori Gil Ruiz, who changed his name to Juan Fernandez de Heredia. In this locality it was installed an office for the collection of taxes on trade with Valencia. A late fifteenth century Mora acquired the title of Marquis and after the War of Succession, as a supporter of Philip V of Bourbon, received the title of "Faithful" and the fleur de lis on his shield. Pascual Madoz, in its geographic-statistical-historical Dictionary of Spain, 1845, describes the town "divided into two parts, called a new Villa and the other Villa Vieja, which separates a small creek or ravine; It consists of about 500 houses regular construction, being remarkable the city council. " As for the economy, it highlights the production of wheat, corn, beans, potatoes, onions and vegetables as well as the existence of sheep. Also mentions the manufacture of cloths brown and how in the past sackcloth for religious communities were woven, but the extinction of these had killed the industry impoverishing villa.5 Although the War of Independence and the Carlist Wars left their mark on Mora, the greatest part of the town took place during the Civil War. In a phase of the Battle of Teruel (1937 - 1938), after the fall of Andorra and Alcaniz, Mora de Rubielos was the capital of the area republicana.6 Previously, an episode of insubordination in this village had resulted in the shooting of More than 50 men of the 84th Mixed Brigade (January 20, 1938) .7 By May 1938, the territory of Republican rule in the province was defended by a set of staggered lines of a hundred kilometers long known as the "Grande Arche de Mora Rubielos." As the war progressed, Mora fell into a situation compromised by the advance of Franco -quedando Army in the so-called "Bolsa de Mora de Rubielos" - until finally, on July 16, the troops of General Varela broke the front the height of the war localidad.6 The part of the "national" side they reflected "on the front of Teruel have conducted our troops today ... a profound advance in a front of more than thirty-five kilometers, He is having taken and passed, plus many positions of great importance, the people of Mora de Rubielos "8 For a few days the headquarters of General Franco was in the town.