Moradabad

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This article is about the municipality in Uttar Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Moradabad district. For other places, see Moradabad (disambiguation).
Moradabad
मुरादाबाद
مُرادآباد
City
Jigar Moradabadi Gate at Moradabad
Jigar Moradabadi Gate at Moradabad
Nickname(s): Brass City
Moradabad is located in Uttar Pradesh
Moradabad
Moradabad
Coordinates: 28°50′N 78°47′E / 28.83°N 78.78°E / 28.83; 78.78Coordinates: 28°50′N 78°47′E / 28.83°N 78.78°E / 28.83; 78.78
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Moradabad
Government
 • MP Kunwar Sarvesh Kumar Singh (Bharatiya Janta Party)
 • Mayor Mrs. Beena Agrawal (Bharatiya Janta Party)
 • District Magistrate Deepak Agarwal
Area
 • Total 3,493 km2 (1,349 sq mi)
Elevation 198 m (650 ft)
Population (2011)[1]
 • Total 889,810
 • Density 250/km2 (660/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Urdu, English, Khariboli, Haryanvi, Punjabi, Kumaoni
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 244001
Telephone code 0591
Vehicle registration UP 21
Website www.moradabad.nic.in

Moradabad About this sound pronunciation  is a city, commissionary, and a municipal corporation in Moradabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It was established in 1600 by prince Murad, the son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Moradabad is situated at a distance of 167 km (104 mi) from the national capital, New Delhi and 262 miles (421 km) north-west of the largest city of state i.e. Kanpur., on the banks of the Ramganga River (a tributary of the Ganges). The city is nicknamed Pital Nagri, ("City of Brass") for its famous brass handicrafts industry.[2] It is also divisional headquarters of Northern Railway (NR).[3]

History[edit]

In 1632, the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan appointed Rustam Khan, the governor of Kather Sambhal to capture it and he set up a fort at this place and named it as Rustam Nagar. Later on it was named as Moradabad after Shah Jahan's son Murad Baksh, and this name persists. Physical development of the city was started after the construction of a Jama Masjid on the orders given by Shah Jahan to Rustam Khan in 1637.

For the early history of Moradabad see History of Bareilly. It passed into the possession of the British in 1801. The population in 1901 was 1,191,993.[citation needed]

In 1980, the city witnessed Hindu-Muslim riots, which left hundreds of people dead on both the sides.

Lord Moiras camp at Moradabad

Geography[edit]

The city of Moradabad is on a ridge west of the river Ramganga,[4] about 650 feet above sea-level.[5]Moradabad railway station is on a line built by Oudh and Rohilkhand Railway, 868 miles from Kolkata.

The city is divided into enclaves, vihars and sectors. It is on NH 24, which is a four-lane highway that connects New Delhi to Lucknow.

Demographics[edit]

In the 2011 census of India, Moradabad city had a population of 889,810.[1] The municipality had a sex ratio of 908 females per 1,000 males and 12.4% of the population were under six years old.[1] Effective literacy was 70.65%; male literacy was 74.05% and female literacy was 66.90%.[1] The languages spoken in Moradabad city are Hindi, Urdu, Punjabi and English.

A busy street of Moradabad

Industry[edit]

The town forms a large centre of trade in country produce. It has a special industry in ornamental brass ware, sometimes plated with lac or tin, which is then engraved. Cotton weaving and printing are also carried on.

The government is investing a lot of money to improve infrastructural facilities to promote the industrial activities at Moradabad like 24-hour un-interrupted power supply, construction of by-pass road, proposal for widening and making the four-lane Delhi-Moradabad Road. About 450 acres of land has been acquired to develop a new industrial area for export-oriented units at Pakbara to Dingarpur Road. Thus this is good opportunity for entrepreneurs to establish their projects.

Handicrafts industry[edit]

Brass paperweight, along with zinc and copper samples.

Moradabad is a major handicrafts manufacturing and exporting center famous for its brass handicrafts and thus is known as 'Brass City'. The modern, attractive, and artistic brass ware, jewelry and trophies made by skilled artisans are the main crafts. The brass ware is exported to countries like the USA, Britain, Canada, Germany and the Middle East. There are about 600 export units and 5000 industries in the district. Moradabad exported goods worth Rs. 4000 crore in FY12-13. With increasing prices of Brass exporters are also focusing on other metals such as Steel and Aluminium. Mentha is also exported in several crores from Moradabad. Due to increase of exports and popularity in, especially, Europe,[citation needed] America,[citation needed] Italy[citation needed] and other countries,[citation needed] a large number of exporters are establishing their units and started their export.[citation needed] Moradabad is one of them seven industrial corridors declared by the state government in industrial policy 1999-2002.[citation needed] Moradabad also has an SEZ spread on 450 acres of land.

Education[edit]

Places of Interest[edit]

Idgah Moradabad
  • Prem Water Kingdom, Kashipur doraha Flyover Rampur Road.[6]
  • Sai Mandir, Deen Dayal Nagar, Kanth Road.
  • Shri Parshvanath Digambar Jain Mandir, Moradabad.
  • Najibudaulah's Fort, Moradabad.
  • Vidur Kuti, Moradabad.
  • Westend Mall, Moradabad

Transport[edit]

By Rail[edit]

Moradabad railway station is well connected through rail. It is major railway station of Western Uttar Pradesh and located just 167 km from National Capital New Delhi, Moradabad also has the divisional headquarters of Northern Railway. It lies on Lucknow–Moradabad line, Moradabad-Ambala line and Delhi–Moradabad line Rajdhani, Shatabdi, Garib Rath Express and many Super Fast Express trains pass through and stop at Moradabad junction. More than 150 trains passes through Moradabad railway station[7] and many local trains are available to nearby Cities. There are many trains to major cities like Kolkata, New delhi, Guwahati, Ahemedabad, Chandigarh, Lucknow, Varansi, Dehradun, Allahabad, Patna, Jaipur, Jodhpur, Dibrugarh, Amritsar, Ludhiana, Jammutawi, Tatanagar, Kanpur and Agra Etc. Daily about 10 trains run from Moradabad to Ramnagar[8] and about 50 trains runs daily to Lucknow.[9] Moradabad has following railway stations:

By Road[edit]

There are plenty of Buses are available from Moradabad to Delhi, Lucknow, Allahabad, Jaipur, Chandigarh, Shimla, Meerut, Agra, Barrielly, Dehradun, Haridwar, Kanpur, Nanital, Ramnagar and Etc.

Moradabad has 2 UPSRTC bus stations:

  • Moradabad Depot bus station
  • Pital Nagari Depot bus station
Moradabad Depot bus station

Following Highways are connected to Moradabad.

It is four lane from Moradabad to New Delhi and under construction of 4 lane from Moradabad to Lucknow.

SH49-Moradabad to Dhampur (Known as Moradabad Haridwar road) SH76-Moradabad to Bijnor SH78-Pakbara(Moradabad) to Amroha SH43-Moradabad to Chandausi

  • Other Major roads are

Moradabad-Sambhal-Bhajoi Road Moradabad-Kashipur Road (MDR-65W)

Sambal Chaurah Moradabad

A eight lane Expressway has been proposed for Moradabad by Government of Uttar Pradesh in 2008, i.e. Bijnor-Moradabad-Fatehgarh Expressway on the bank of river Ram Ganga.[10]

By Air[edit]

The nearest international airport to Moradabad is Indira Gandhi International Airport, New Delhi. It is just 180 km from Moradabad.[11] Moradabad Airport is under construction and is situated midway between Moradabad and Rampur city on NH 24. The Government of Uttar Pradesh signed an MoU[clarification needed] with the Airports Authority of India (AAI) in February 2014 for the development of the airport.[1]

Notable Persons from Moradabad[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011; Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 26 March 2012. 
  2. ^ Majid Husain. Understanding: Geographical: Map Entries: for Civil Services Examinations: Second Edition. Tata McGraw-Hill Education. p. 7. ISBN 978-0-07-070288-2. Retrieved 6 October 2012. 
  3. ^ "Northern Railway: Moradabad Division". 
  4. ^ Heilprin, Angelo and Heilprin, Louis, ed. (1906). "Moradabad". Lippincott's new gazetteer: a complete pronouncing gazetteer or geographical dictionary of the world. Philadelphia, Pennsylvania: J. B. Lippincott. p. 1219. OCLC 1870625. 
  5. ^ Bareilly, India, Sheet NH 44-13 (topographic map scale 1:250,000), Series U-502, Washington, D.C.: United States Army Map Service, April 1958 
  6. ^ http://www.holidayiq.com/Moradabad-Sightseeing-1166.html
  7. ^ http://www.indiantrains.org/station-details/?code=MB&name=MORADABAD
  8. ^ http://indiarailinfo.com/search/moradabad-mb-to-ramnagar-rmr/338/0/1652
  9. ^ http://indiarailinfo.com/search/moradabad-mb-to-lucknow-charbagh-lko/338/0/336
  10. ^ http://www.upeida.in/project_3.htm
  11. ^ https://www.google.co.in/maps/dir/Indira+Gandhi+International+Airport,+%E0%A4%A8%E0%A4%88+%E0%A4%A6%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%B2%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%B2%E0%A5%80,+%E0%A4%A6%E0%A4%BF%E0%A4%B2%E0%A5%8D%E0%A4%B2%E0%A5%80+110037/Moradabad,+Uttar+Pradesh/@28.6182127,76.8398874,8z/data=!3m1!4b1!4m13!4m12!1m5!1m1!1s0x390d1b85fc2a2d89:0xbef376182c43ed9d!2m2!1d77.099958!2d28.556162!1m5!1m1!1s0x390afbea2f5646c9:0xb8c97ce4e95398db!2m2!1d78.7782764!2d28.8315925

Public Domain This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. 

External links[edit]

  • Moradabad (by the National Informatics Centre, Moradabad)
  • "Moradabad City" article in The Imperial Gazetteer of India, 1901–1938
  • Moradabad travel guide from Wikivoyage