Moradabad

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This article is about the city in Uttar Pradesh, India. For its namesake district, see Moradabad district. For other uses, see Moradabad (disambiguation).
Moradabad
मुरादाबाद
‏ مُرادآباد
Metropolitan
Jigar Moradabadi Gate in Moradabad
Jigar Moradabadi Gate in Moradabad
Nickname(s): Brass City
Moradabad is located in Uttar Pradesh
Moradabad
Moradabad
Coordinates: 28°50′N 78°47′E / 28.83°N 78.78°E / 28.83; 78.78Coordinates: 28°50′N 78°47′E / 28.83°N 78.78°E / 28.83; 78.78
Country India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Moradabad
Established 1625[1]
Founded by Rustam Khan
Named for Murad Baksh
Government
 • MP Kunwar Sarvesh Kumar Singh (BJP)
 • Mayor Mrs. Beena Agrawal (BJP)
 • District Magistrate Deepak Agarwal
Area
 • Total 3,493 km2 (1,349 sq mi)
Elevation 198 m (650 ft)
Population (2011)[2]
 • Total 889,810
 • Density 250/km2 (660/sq mi)
Demonym Moradabadi
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Urdu, English, Khariboli, Haryanvi, Punjabi, Kumaoni
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 244001
Telephone code 0591
Vehicle registration UP-21
Website www.moradabad.nic.in

Moradabad About this sound pronunciation  is a city, commissionary, and a municipal corporation in Moradabad district in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It was established in 1625A.D. by Rustam Khan and is named after prince Murad Baksh, the son of the Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. Moradabad is situated at a distance of 167 km (104 mi) from the national capital, New Delhi and 262 miles (421 km) north-west of the largest city of state Kanpur, on the banks of the Ramganga river. The city is known as Pital Nagri, ("Brass City") for its famous brass handicrafts industry.[3] It is also divisional headquarters of Northern Railway (NR).[4][5]

History[edit]

Moradabad was established as an office for the Chaupala pargana during emperor Akbar's regime. In AD 1624 it was captured by Rustam Khan, the then Governor of Sambhal who named it Rustam Nagar. Later, in AD 1625 it was renamed Moradabad after the name of prince Murad Baksh, the son of Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan. A mosque named Jama Masjid was constructed in the city by Rustam Khan for the Mughal Emperor.

Demographics[edit]

1991[edit]

As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Moradabad in 1991 was 429,214.[6]

2001[edit]

As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Moradabad in 2001 was 641,583.[6]

2011[edit]

As per provisional reports of Census India, population of Moradabad in 2011 was 889,810 of which 466,432 were males and 423,378 were females.[7]

Total literates in Moradabad are 550,637 of which 302,447 are males while 248,190 are females. Average literacy rate of Moradabad city is 70.65 percent of male and female literacy was 74.05 and 69.90 percent respectively.[7]

Sex ratio of Moradabad is 908 females per 1000 males. Child sex ratio is 903 per 1000.[7]

Total children in Moradabad as 110,376 as per figure from Census India report on 2011. There were 57,999 boys while 52,377 were girls. Children make 12.40 percent of Moradabad population.[7]

Education[edit]

Private schools in Moradabad, whether using English or Hindi as a medium of instruction, are affiliated to either of the four bodies, Central Board of Secondary Education (C.B.S.E.), Council for the Indian School Certificate Examinations (C.I.S.C.E), University of Cambridge International Examinations and Uttar Pradesh Madhyamik Shiksha Parishad (U.P. Board). Moradabad has three major universities, Teerthanker Mahaveer University, IFTM University and Shri Venkateshwara University. Other than that a number of higher education institutions such as Hindu College and Moradabad Institute of Technology are located in the city.

Economy[edit]

Moradabad is a major industrial city and export hub.In 2006-2007, Moradabad's export turnover was ₹3,200 crores ($530 millions).[8] In 2012-2013 it increased to 4000 crores($667 millions). According to the Export Promotion Council for Handicrafts, Moradabad's share in India's metalware exports was 84.45 percent in 2000-2001 and 85.15 percent in 2009-10.[9]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]