مراد آباد ضلع
|District of Uttar Pradesh|
Location of Moradabad district in Uttar Pradesh
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Moradabad, Sambhal|
|• Total||3,493 km2 (1,349 sq mi)|
|• Density||790/km2 (2,000/sq mi)|
|• Literacy||45.74 per cent|
Moradabad district (Hindi: मुरादाबाद ज़िला, Urdu: مراد آباد ضلع) is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Moradabad town is the district headquarters. Moradabad district is a part of Moradabad division. As of 2011 it is the second most populous district of Uttar Pradesh (out of 71), after Allahabad.
It was established in 1600 by Rustam Khan.It was named as Moradabad after Murad Baksh, the son of the Mughal Emperor Shahjahan; as a result the city came to known as Moradabad see Maen Moradabad Hun by Javed Rasheed. It is the administrative headquarters of Moradabad District. Moradabad is situated at a distance of 167 km (104 mi) from the national capital, New Delhi, on the bank of River Ram Ganga (a tributary to the Ganges).
The district of Moradabad lies between 28°21´ to 28°16´ north latitude and 78°4´ to 79° east longitude. The district occupies an area of 3493 km2 and has a population of 2,761,620. The city is known for its export of brass handicrafts to North America and Europe, and is also thus called "Brass City" or Peetal Nagri. It has close to four million citizens of various ethnicities and religions.
Though an important agrarian market, Moradabad is known worldwide for brass works and glassware. Metalware, handicrafts, electroplating, sugar industry are the other industries.
Important landmarks include company Bagh,Galshaheed, ancient Kali Mandir, Dum Duma Kothi. The city has more than 400 factories manufacturing brass, aluminum, iron and glass handicrafts. Many European and American companies including Wal-Mart, Carrefour, JC Penny, Target, Casto Rama, Home Depot andmore source merchandise from Moradabad.
The district of Moradabad lies east of the Ganges and west of the native state of Rampur. Its area is 2285 sq. m. It lies within the great Gangetic plain and is demarcated into three subdivisions by the rivers Ramganga and Sot. The eastern tract consists of a submontane country, with an elevation slightly greater than the plain below, and is traversed by numerous streams descending from the Himalayas. The central portion consists of a level central plain descending at each end into the valleys of the Ramganga and Sot. The western section has a gentle slope towards the Ganges, with a rapid dip into the lowlands a few miles from the bank of the great river.
According to the 2011 census Moradabad district has a population of 4,773,138, roughly equal to the nation of Singapore or the US state of Alabama. This gives it a ranking of 26th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,284 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,330 /sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 25.25%. Moradabad has a sex ratio of 903 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 58.67%.
Muslims constitutes about 46% of the total population of the district. Moradabad is a category "A" district i.e. having socio-economic and basic amenities parameters below the national average.
There are two Lok Sabha constituencies for the district:
- Moradabad composed of Kanth, Thakurdwara, Moradabad Rural, Moradabad City and Barhapur (from Bijnor District).
- Sambhal composed of Kundarki, Bilari, Chandausi (SC), Asmoli and Sambhal.
Moradabad District has two divisions: Moradabad Subdivision and Sambhal Subdivision. There are five tehsils in Moradabad District and eight blocks.
- In Moradabad Subdivision there are three tehsils: Bilari Tehsil, Kanth Tehsil, Thakurdwara Tehsil; and there are five blocks: Kundarki, Chajlet, Bhagtpur, Dilari and Mundapandey.
- In Sambhal Subdivision there are two tehsils: Chandausi Tehsil and Sambhal Tehsil; and there are three blocks: Bahjoi, Panwasa and Asmoli.
Towns and villages
In addition to the city of Moradabad, which is governed as a Municipal Corporation, there are five municipalities: Bahjoi, Bilari, Chandausi, Sambhal and Thakurdwara. There are seven Town Panchayats:
- Bhojpur Dharampur
- Rustamnagar Sahaspur
- Umri Kalan
- "District-specific Literates and Literacy Rates, 2001". Registrar General, India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Retrieved 2010-10-10.
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Singapore 4,740,737 July 2011 est."
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Alabama 4,779,736"
- MINUTES OF THE 34th MEETING OF EMPOWERED COMMITTEE TO CONSIDER AND APPROVE REVISED PLAN FOR BALANCE FUND FOR THE DISTRICTS OF GHAZIABAD, BAREILLY, BARABANKI, SIDDHARTH NAGAR, SHAHJANPUR, MORADABAD, MUZAFFAR NAGAR, BAHRAICH AND LUCKNOW (UTTAR PRADESH) UNDER MULTI-SECTORAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMME IN MINORITY CONCENTRATION DISTRICTS HELD ON 22nd JULY, 2010 AT 11.00 A.M. UNDER THE CHAIRMANSHIP OF SECRETARY, MINISTRY OF MINORITY AFFAIRS. F. No. 3/64/2010-PP-I, GOVERNMENT OF INDIA, MINISTRY OF MINORITY AFFAIRS
- "Delimitation of Parliamentary and Assembly Constituencies Order, 2008". The Election Commission of India. pp. 461–462.
- The National Panchayat Directory lists Moradabad Tehsil instead of Kanth Teshil. "Reports of National Panchayat Directory: Blocks of Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh". Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India.
- The National Panchayat Directory lists Baniyakhera instead of Chandausi Tehsil. "Reports of National Panchayat Directory: Blocks of Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh". Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India.
- "Reports of National Panchayat Directory: Report on Urban Local Bodies: Uttar Pradesh: Moradabad". Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India.
- "Reports of National Panchayat Directory: Blocks of Moradabad, Uttar Pradesh". Ministry of Panchayati Raj, Government of India.
||Bijnor district||Udham Singh Nagar district, Uttar Pradesh|
|Jyotiba Phule Nagar district||Rampur district|