|Emile Taddéoli in ~1911/13|
|Manufacturer||Morane brothers and Gabriel Borel|
The Morane-Borel monoplane (sometimes referred to with the retronym Morane-Saulnier Type A or simply the Morane monoplane) was an early French single-engine, single-seat aircraft. It was flown in several European air races.
The Monoplane was a mid-wing tractor configuration monoplane powered by a 50 hp Gnome Omega 7 cylinder rotary engine driving a two-bladed Chauvière Intégrale propeller. The fuselage was a rectangular section wire-braced box girder, with the forward part covered in plywood and the rear part fabric covered: the rear section was left uncovered in some examples. The two-spar wings had elliptical ends and were braced by a pyramidal cabane in front of the pilot and an inverted V strut underneath the fuselage behind the undercarriage. Lateral control was effected by wing warping and the empennage consisted of a fixed horizontal stabiliser with tip-mounted full-chord elevators at either end and an aerodynamically balanced rudder, with no fixed vertical surface. In later examples the horizontal surfaces were modified, and consisted of a fixed surfacee with balanced elevators hinged to the trailing edge. The undercarriage consisted of a pair of short skids each carried on a pair of struts and a pair of wheels on a cross axle bound to the skids by bungee cords and a tailskid.
A two-seat version was later produced, with the fuselage lengthened to 7.0 m (23 ft) and wingspan increased to 10 m (34 ft).
The Monoplane achieved fame when Jules Védrines flew one to victory in the 1911 Paris to Madrid air race, the only competitor to finish the four-day course. Later in the year he came second in the Circuit of Britain, flying an aircraft powered by a 70 hp Gnome. Another was flown by André Frey in the Paris-Rome race in 1911, finishing third. Emile Taddéoli was another owner of a Morane monoplane.
- Argentine Air Force
- Brazilian Naval Aviation
- Royal Romanian Air Force
- United Kingdom
- Crew: 1
- Length: 6.50 m (21 ft 6 in)
- Wingspan: 9.50 m (31 ft 1 in)
- Wing area: 14 m2 (151 ft2)
- Empty weight: 200 kg (441 lb)
- Gross weight: 430 kg (948 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Gnome Omega 7-cylinder air-cooled rotary piston engine, 37 kW (50 hp) each
- Maximum speed: 111 km/h (69 mph)
- Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 193.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Morane-Borel monoplane.|
- Borel-Morane Monoplane, Canada Aviation and Space Museum
- Morane-Borel MonoplaneFlight, July 29 1911.