|Emile Taddéoli in ~1911/13|
|Manufacturer||Morane brothers and Gabriel Borel|
The Morane-Borel monoplane (sometimes referred to with the retronym Morane-Saulnier Type A or simply the Morane monoplane) was an early French single-engine, single-seat aircraft. It was flown in several European air races.
The Monoplane was a mid-wing tractor configuration monoplane powered by a 50 hp Gnome Omega 7 cylinder rotary engine driving a two-bladed Chauvière Intégrale propeller. The fuselage was a rectangular section wire-braced box girder, with the forward part covered in plywood and the rear part fabric covered: the rear section was left uncovered in some examples. The two-spar wings had elliptical ends and were braced by a pyramidal cabane in front of the pilot and an inverted Vstrut underneath the fuselage behind the undercarriage. Lateral control was effected by wing warping and the empennage consisted of a fixed horizontal stabiliser with tip-mounted full-chord elevators at either end and an aerodynamically balanced rudder, with no fixed vertical surface. The undercarriage consisted of a pair of short skids each carried on a pair of struts and a pair of wheels on a cross axle bound to the skids by bungee cords and a tailskid.
The Monoplane achieved fame when Jules Védrines flew one to victory in the 1911 Paris to Madrid air race, the only competitor to finish the four-day course. Emile Taddéoli was another owner of a Morane monoplane.
A float-equipped version flew in the round-Britain Hydro-Aeroplane trial of 1912. This led to the development of a two-seater, of which eight were purchased by the Royal Navy and used as spotter aircraft until the outbreak of World War I.
- Crew: 1
- Length: 6.50 m (21 ft 6 in)
- Wingspan: 9.50 m (31 ft 1 in)
- Wing area: 14 m2 (151 ft2)
- Empty weight: 200 kg (441 lb)
- Gross weight: 430 kg (948 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Gnome Omega 7-cylinder air-cooled rotary piston engine, 37 kW (50 hp) each
- Maximum speed: 111 km/h (69 mph)
- Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. p. 193.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Morane-Borel monoplane.|
- "Borel-Morane Monoplane". Canada Aviation and Space Museum. Retrieved 9 December 20013.
- Morane-Borel MonoplaneFlight, July 29 1911.