Morane-Saulnier MS.130

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MS.129 and MS.130–MS.136
Role Military trainer
National origin France
Manufacturer Morane-Saulnier
First flight 1925
Primary user Frency Navy
Number built >150

The Morane-Saulnier MS.129 and its derivatives in the MS.130 series were a family of military trainer aircraft produced in France in the 1920s.[1][2] They were conventional, parasol-wing monoplanes with open cockpits in tandem and fixed tailskid undercarriage. The initial version, the MS.129, was produced in small numbers for the Romanian Air Force and civil users, but the major production version was the MS.130, which equipped the French Navy and a number of foreign air arms.[1][2]

The second MS.130 prototype was flown to victory by Michel Detroyat in the 1929 Coupe Michelin, with an average speed of 190 km/h (120 mph).[2][3]

The MS.130 was further developed as the MS.230, and at least two MS.130s were later rebuilt to this new standard.[4]

Variants[edit]

  • MS.129 - initial production version with Hispano-Suiza 8Ab engine
  • MS.130 - major production version with Salmson 9AB engine
  • MS.131 - MS.130 converted to use a Lorraine engine (1 converted for US military attaché in Paris)
  • MS.132 - version with Salmson 7Ac engine for French Navy (5 built)
  • MS.133 - version with Gnome-Rhône 5Kc engine (3 converted from MS.129, 1 converted from MS.130)
  • MS.134 - conversion of MS.130 with Clerget 9B engine
  • MS.136 - conversion of MS.130 with Salmson 9AC engine

The MS.137, MS.138, and MS.139 were of a different design, and not related to the MS.130.[4]

Operators[edit]

Specifications (MS.130)[edit]

Data from The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft 2554

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two, pilot and instructor
  • Length: 6.97 m (22 ft 10 in)
  • Wingspan: 10.70 m (35 ft 1 in)
  • Height: 2.85 m (9 ft 4 in)
  • Wing area: 19.7 m2 (212 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 793 kg (1,740 lb)
  • Gross weight: 1,149 kg (2,528 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Salmson 9Ab, 170 kW (230 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 208 km/h (130 mph)
  • Range: 510 km (320 miles)
  • Service ceiling: 5,000 m (16,000 ft)

See also[edit]

Related lists

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Taylor 1989, 685
  2. ^ a b c The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft 2553
  3. ^ "The Michelin Cup", 223
  4. ^ a b The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft 2554

References[edit]

  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft. London: Aerospace Publishing. 
  • "The Michelin Cup". Flight: 623. 8 July 1932. Retrieved 2008-11-14. 
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions. ISBN 0-7106-0710-5.