Morane-Saulnier MS.138

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Morane-Saulnier MoS-138)
Jump to: navigation, search
MS.137, MS.138, and MS.139
Morane MS.138 LBG 07.06.75 edited-4.jpg
Preserved Morane-Saulnier MS.138 at the Musee de l'Air, Le Bourget Airport, Paris in 1975
Role Military trainer
National origin France
Manufacturer Morane-Saulnier
First flight 1927 [1]
Number built 178

The Morane-Saulnier MS.138 was a military trainer aircraft produced in France in the late 1920s,[2][3]

Design and operation[edit]

The MS.138 was the major production version of a family that also included the MS.137 and MS.139.[3] The design was derived from the MS.35, first flown during World War I, modernised to feature a wing that now included slight sweepback, and a redesigned fuselage of rounder cross-section.[3] The basic layout remained the same, being a wire-braced, parasol-wing monoplane with open cockpits in tandem and fixed tailskid undercarriage. Construction was mostly of wood, with the exception of the metal wing spars, and all control surfaces were covered in fabric.[2]

Most of the production run went to the Aéronautique Militaire, with a few others built for the Aéronavale and for military use by Greece and Denmark. Thirty-three others were purchased by civilian operators in France.[2][3] The type remained in French military service until 1935.[2][3]

Variants[edit]

  • MS.191 - version with shortened wingspan and Clerget 9B or Salmson 9Nc engines

Operators[edit]

 France
 Denmark
 Greece
 Paraguay

Specifications (MS.138)[edit]

Data from The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft 2554

General characteristics

  • Crew: Two, pilot and instructor
  • Length: 6.78 m (22 ft 3 in)
  • Wingspan: 10.90 m (35 ft 9 in)
  • Height: 3.69 m (12 ft 1 in)
  • Wing area: 19.5 m2 (210 ft2)
  • Empty weight: 517 kg (1,140 lb)
  • Gross weight: 775 kg (1,710 lb)
  • Powerplant: 1 × Le Rhône 9C, 60 kW (80 hp)

Performance

  • Maximum speed: 140 km/h (88 mph)
  • Service ceiling: 4,000 m (13,000 ft)

See also[edit]

Related lists

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Avion d'entraînement de base Morane-Saulnier MS.138". http://www.aviationsmilitaires.net. 
  2. ^ a b c d Taylor 1989, 685
  3. ^ a b c d e The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft 2554

References[edit]

  • The Illustrated Encyclopedia of Aircraft. London: Aerospace Publishing. 
  • Taylor, Michael J. H. (1989). Jane's Encyclopedia of Aviation. London: Studio Editions.