|RFC Morane-Saulnier Type N Bullet, fitted with the immense "casserole" spinner|
|First flight||22 July 1914|
|Primary users||Aéronautique Militaire
Royal Flying Corps
Imperial Russian Air Service
The Morane-Saulnier N, also known as the Morane-Saulnier Type N, was a French monoplane fighter aircraft of the First World War. Designed and manufactured by Morane-Saulnier, the Type N entered service in April 1915 with the Aéronautique Militaire designated as the MS.5C.1. It also equipped four squadrons of the Royal Flying Corps, in which it was designated the Bullet, and was operated in limited numbers by the 19th Squadron of the Imperial Russian Air Force.
While the Type N was a graceful-looking aircraft and utilised an advanced, aerodynamic design, it was not easy to fly due to its stiff controls (using wing warping instead of ailerons) and high landing speed. The Type N mounted a single unsynchronized forward-firing machine gun (either a .303-in Vickers or 7.9 mm Hotchkiss) which used the deflector wedges, first demonstrated on the Morane-Saulnier Type L, in order to fire through the propeller arc.
A large metal "casserolle" spinner designed to streamline the aircraft caused the engines to overheat because the spinner deflected air away from the engine. In 1915, the spinner was removed from the design and no more overheating problems were found. The removal of the spinner caused very little loss in performance.
The Type N was not particularly successful. Only 49 aircraft were built and it was quickly rendered obsolete by the pace of aircraft development.
- Morane-Saulnier Type N
- Single-seat fighter-scout monoplane.
- Morane-Saulnier Type Nm
- The Type Nm had a modified tail unit. Built in small numbers.
Specifications (Type N)
Data from War Planes of the First World War, Volume Five.
- Crew: One (pilot)
- Length: 5.83 m (19 ft 1½ in)
- Wingspan: 8.15 m (26 ft 8⅝ in)
- Height: 2.25 m (7 ft 4½ in)
- Wing area: 11 m² (118.4 ft²)
- Empty weight: 288 kg (633 lb)
- Loaded weight: 444 kg (976 lb)
- Powerplant: 1 × Le Rhône 9C air-cooled rotary engine, 60 kW (80 hp)
- Maximum speed: 144 km/h (90 mph) at ground level
- Service ceiling: 4,000 m  (13,123 ft)
- Endurance: 1 hr 30 min
- Climb to 2,000 m (6,560 ft): 10 min
- Related development
- Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
- Bruce 1972, p. 86.
- "Morane-Saulnier type N." EADS N.V., 26 May 2008. Retrieved: 14 June 2008.
- Bruce, J.M. (1996). Morane-Saulnier Types N, I, V. Windsock Datafile 58. Hertfordshire, UK: Albatros Publications. ASIN B00FEK5A4M.
- Bruce, J.M. "The Bullets and the Guns". Air Enthusiast. Issue Nine, February–May 1979. Bromley, Kent: Pilot Press,
1979, pp. 61–75.
- Bruce, J.M. War Planes of the First World War: Fighters: Volume Five. London: Macdonald, 1972. ISBN 356-0779-7.
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