Morane (French Polynesia)

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NASA picture of Morane Atoll.
Morane (French Polynesia) is located in French Polynesia
Morane (French Polynesia)
Location Pacific Ocean
Coordinates 23°10′S 137°08′W / 23.167°S 137.133°W / -23.167; -137.133Coordinates: 23°10′S 137°08′W / 23.167°S 137.133°W / -23.167; -137.133
Archipelago Tuamotus
Area 11 km2 (4.2 sq mi)  (lagoon)
2 km2 (above water)
Length 5.8 km (3.6 mi)
Width 3.5 km (2.17 mi)
Overseas collectivity French Polynesia
Administrative subdivision Tuamotus
Commune Gambier Islands
Population Uninhabited[1] (as of 2012)

Morane[2] is an uninhabited small isolated atoll of the Tuamotu Archipelago in French Polynesia. It is located 153 km southwest of Maria Est, its closest neighbour. Morane Atoll is the southernmost atoll of the Tuamotus proper. It measures 5.8 km in length, 3.5 km in width and has a land area of 2 km2. The lagoon has an area of 11 km2 and has no passes. The islands on its reef are covered with screw pine (Pandanus) and coconut trees.


The first recorded westerner to sight Morane Atoll was US whaler Nathaniel Cary in 1832.[3] He named it "Barstow's Island" after his ship Gideon Barstow.[4] In some maps it appears as "Cadmus".


Administratively Morane Atoll belongs to the commune of the Gambier Islands.


By 2003, Morane Atoll holds one of the largest extant populations (approx. 50 individuals) of the critically endangered Polynesian ground-dove.[5] It also has one of the highest concentrations of the Tuamotu sandpiper (Prosobonia cancellata), with approximately 150 to 200 individuals of the species.[6]


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